Definition of glycine in English:

glycine

noun

mass nounBiochemistry
  • The simplest naturally occurring amino acid, which is a constituent of most proteins.

    • ‘The first five amino acids obtained were glycine, proline, threonine, glycine, and threonine.’
    • ‘The overall photorespiratory cycle is also linked to amino acid metabolism in that glycine, serine, glutamate, and glutamine are metabolized at high rates.’
    • ‘Also, a combination of the amino acids glycine, alanine and glutamic acid can relieve symptoms of prostatitis.’
    • ‘All of these silks are composed of protein chains in which the amino acids glycine, alanine, and serine dominate.’
    • ‘These are the proteins cysteine, glycine, glutamic acid and the antioxidant metal selenium.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Greek glukus ‘sweet’ + -ine.

Pronunciation

glycine

/ˈɡlʌɪsiːn/