Definition of glycerol in English:

glycerol

noun

  • [mass noun] A colourless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a by-product in soap manufacture. It is used as an emollient and laxative, and for making explosives and antifreeze.

    • ‘The acetins are derivatives of glycerol that are prepared by heating glycerol with acetic acid.’
    • ‘Fats can be reduced in a solution of sodium hydroxide to produce glycerol and another kind of lipid, soap.’
    • ‘The fats or oils from these sources are isolated and hydrolyzed to produce glycerol and fatty acids.’
    • ‘Fatty acids form esters with alcohols, and the common esters are glycerides, because the alcohol involved is glycerol.’
    • ‘Such agents include glucose, propylene glycerol, polyethylene glycol and hypaque.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from glycerine + -ol.

Pronunciation:

glycerol

/ˈɡlɪs(ə)rɒl/