Definition of glutamine in English:



mass nounBiochemistry
  • A hydrophilic amino acid which is a constituent of most proteins.

    An amide of glutamic acid; chemical formula: H₂NCOCH₂CH₂(NH₂)COOH

    • ‘Without adequate amounts of the amino acid glutamine, however, protein synthesis may not occur.’
    • ‘Contents of glutamine, asparagine, methionine, and tryptophan in the tissues were not determined by this method.’
    • ‘The amino acids glutamine and tyrosine will improve concentration, retention and a sense of alertness.’
    • ‘Ammonium is then incorporated into amino acids via glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase.’
    • ‘However, adding soy can boost any protein shake due to its high content of glutamine and arginine.’


Late 19th century: blend of glutamic acid and amine.