Definition of glutamic acid in English:

glutamic acid


mass nounBiochemistry
  • An acidic amino acid which is a constituent of many proteins.

    Chemical formula: HOOC(CH₂)₂(NH₂)COOH

    • ‘These results confirm previous reports, showing developmental proteins to be enriched for simple sequences composed primarily of alanine, glutamic acid, glycine, proline, glutamine, or serine.’
    • ‘The biosynthesis of GSH depends on the linking and the availability of its constituent amino acids cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine.’
    • ‘There are nine such amino acids: lysine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamine, glutamic acid, histidine, tyrosine, cysteine, and phenylalanine.’
    • ‘Infusion of the amino acids lysine and arginine, but not aspartic acid or glutamic acid, have been shown to stimulate the release of insulin in horses.’
    • ‘Consequently, changing the arginine to an alanine or glutamic acid abolishes this interaction completely.’


Late 19th century: from gluten + amine + -ic.


glutamic acid