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1[mass noun] A simple sugar which is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
- ‘This effect seems to be restricted to sucrose; glucose and fructose do not produce the same result.’
- ‘The procedure is based on the cleavage of sucrose by invertase to glucose and fructose.’
- ‘Yeasts also contain a natural enzyme which will convert sucrose to its component glucose and fructose.’
- ‘Fructose and glucose dominated the sugar profile of leaves, sucrose was present at lower concentrations.’
- ‘Epidermal cells contained low concentrations of sucrose, glucose and fructose, and no fructan.’
- 1.1A syrup containing glucose and other sugars, made by hydrolysis of starch and used in the food industry.
- ‘Mix the icing sugar, water and glucose together and bring to the boil.’
Mid 19th century: from French, from Greek gleukos sweet wine, related to glukus sweet.
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