Definition of glass in English:

glass

noun

  • 1mass noun A hard, brittle substance, typically transparent or translucent, made by fusing sand with soda and lime and cooling rapidly. It is used to make windows, drinking containers, and other articles.

    ‘the screen is made from glass’
    as modifier ‘a glass door’
    • ‘As the amount of glass used in a house increases, the energy efficiency usually decreases.’
    • ‘Hard materials tend to be very brittle, take glass for instance.’
    • ‘The amount of glass recycled so far amounts to almost ten per cent of the waste produced by local households.’
    • ‘Also there was a long wooden table with benches on either side of it and a tall wooden cupboard with glass windows in the doors.’
    • ‘Silica is one of the basic materials of sand and it forms glass when it fuses.’
    • ‘Around 600 car parking spaces are planned for the store, which has been designed using a large amount of glass fronting.’
    • ‘Marsh samphire, as noted above, is also known as glasswort from its former use in soda glass manufacture.’
    • ‘The metal used was a soft soda lime glass, which in inclined to pitting and will give a misleading impression of age.’
    • ‘Once the milk has cooled, pour it into glass containers and refrigerate immediately.’
    • ‘The pub's big windows and glass door make it easy to see anyone in the street.’
    • ‘For anyone who does not know, glass is a hard, transparent or translucent brittle material that does not dissolve is not flammable.’
    • ‘Drinks from plastic containers always taste different than those from glass containers.’
    • ‘I press my nose against the cool glass of the lobby door, and shade my eyes so I can see past the glare.’
    • ‘Verify that the sliding glass door and all windows are locked and secure.’
    • ‘Householders across the district are being urged to take part in a major scheme to boost the amount of glass and cans recycled in Bradford.’
    • ‘Interior windows and glass in doors allow maximum daylight but were sandblasted for privacy.’
    • ‘I closed my eyes and leaned against the cool glass window, feeling sick.’
    • ‘But in this case, the noise was kept down by balancing the amount of glass with drywall.’
    • ‘Soda is one of the most common ores of sodium found in nature and it was used very early in human history to make glass.’
    • ‘The police had expressed concerns about the amount of glass used in the building and its location near a road that could leave it vulnerable to a car bomb.’
    1. 1.1 A substance similar to glass which has solidified from a molten state without crystallizing.
      ‘the black volcanic glass makes the beaches sparkle’
      • ‘They offer chemically inert fluid paths of Teflon, Kel-F, and borosilicate glass.’
      • ‘A glass is a substance that is non-crystalline yet almost completely undeformable.’
      • ‘He suspects thieves may be responsible but he cannot understand what use they would have with the perspex glass.’
      • ‘Trehalose may also stabilise tissues by trapping them in an immobile sugar glass.’
    2. 1.2 Glassware.
      ‘we sell china and glass’
      • ‘Also up for grabs are china, glass and pottery by leading names Wedgwood, Foley, Staffordshire.’
      • ‘Books went well, as did glass and china ware on the White Elephant stall.’
      • ‘Somehow, it seemed that one of their salesmen was selling far more glass than any of the other members of the sales force.’
      • ‘His hard work paid off when the antiques company sold him its entire collection of glass.’
      • ‘In addition, vinegar can be used to remove price labels from glass, wood, and china.’
      • ‘It sells ceramics, glass, silver, paper and pretty much anything that takes her fancy.’
      • ‘Their caravan is warm and homely, with glass and china neatly displayed.’
      • ‘There will also be antique glass, china, furniture and metalware on display.’
      • ‘Not just for the traditionalist either; some of the modern china and glass designs are stunning.’
      • ‘The firm sells high quality china, glass and collectables.’
      • ‘He said his father, a china and glass merchant, was not particularly pleased when he announced he wanted to be an actor.’
      • ‘Lesser items, such as old magazines, inexpensive glass and china ware, may just sit in boxes.’
      • ‘Some composites such as precious opal protected between layers of quartz or glass are sold as such.’
      glassware, crystal, crystalware
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Greenhouses or cold frames considered collectively.
      ‘lettuces grown under glass’
      • ‘Genetically engineer algae or other plant species to grow well under lunar conditions under filtered glass.’
      • ‘Under glass you also need to reduce the amount of watering you do and increase the heat a little.’
      • ‘Keep pots in a sunny position but watch that leaves of plants under glass don't get sunburned.’
      • ‘Flowers for shows earlier in the year are grown under glass at his address in Thorpe Audlin, Pontefract, but for Chelsea he had them growing in a tunnel.’
      • ‘The variety is even grown under glass in climates as inimical as the Dutch and British to provide grapes for the fruit bowl.’
      • ‘The plants grown under glass were exposed to short treatments with supplementary UV-B.’
  • 2A drinking container made from glass.

    ‘a beer glass’
    • ‘In mitigation, he claimed he was so drunk he forgot the glass was in his hand.’
    • ‘No doubt a great deal of whisky is drunk in New York, but almost all of it, surely, is drunk from whiskey glasses?’
    • ‘His picture decorates stickers, cigarette lighters, record sleeves, cups, beer glasses and so on - Che is omnipresent.’
    • ‘I still find it difficult to drink out of pint glasses at home.’
    • ‘I once saw a girl drinking beer from a pint glass with a straw.’
    • ‘I am so used to using plastic cups everywhere that the drink glasses seemed unmanageably heavy and got very cold from the ice!’
    • ‘You pour the wine in a glass, and you drink it as you consume your meal - no tricks, no secrets.’
    • ‘We all lift our glasses and drink the wine down, afraid of what grandma will do if we don't follow through.’
    • ‘Other superstitions hold that by continuing to drink out of a glass after the toast is to dilute that toast.’
    • ‘Sure, we will all eat from different dishes and drink from different glasses, but we will all be able to agree that the meal is delicious.’
    • ‘She called for pubs and bars to serve all bottled drinks in glasses, to discourage drinkers from leaving the premises with them.’
    • ‘The same, I'm told, was true as to proposals that fast-food restaurants use glasses rather than paper cups.’
    • ‘First of all, you should always be drinking quality beers out of a glass.’
    • ‘It has an important collection of 18th century drinking glasses, a tranquil walled garden and a garden tearoom.’
    • ‘Both parties must then drink until the glass is dry, whether it contains alcohol or not.’
    • ‘The writer was also extremely enthusiastic about the ‘good selection of wine and very large glasses to drink out of.’’
    1. 2.1 The contents of a glass.
      ‘have a glass of wine’
      • ‘On the empty streets of the Old City, some of the shopkeepers spend the daylight hours playing backgammon and drinking glasses of Arabic coffee.’
      • ‘Drink at least eight glasses of water, herbal teas and unsweetened fruit juice.’
      • ‘One York solider threw down the drinking gauntlet believing the popular misconception that Americans only drink small glasses of weak, fizzy beer.’
      • ‘I'm certainly not going to try to say anything wise about a phenomenon that's at its most vivid after a supper of Roquefort, grapes and a glass of good port.’
      • ‘Tyler grabbed a champagne glass and walked through the crowd, out to the garden.’
      • ‘Scientists have discovered that drinking a glass or two of wine a day can actually be beneficial.’
      • ‘Try to drink at least four glasses daily and if possible a lot more if deserved.’
      • ‘Perhaps you should have a glass of wine more often.’
      • ‘If lunch up the mountain was good value (about £12 for a decent snack and a glass of wine), then dinner was even better.’
      • ‘I don't want a glass of wine right now, but what if I did?’
      • ‘After a week, still in pain, I saw my GP who said that I must rest with my feet higher than my thighs, drink twelve glasses of water a day and eat a lot of oranges.’
      • ‘Take 2 capsules with a large glass of room-temperature water at about 3pm.’
      • ‘She poured another glass of the blue liquid and handed it to him.’
      • ‘A book that makes you want to find an armchair and a glass of good Burgundy, this is a pacy, well researched history with plenty of human detail to leaven the science.’
      • ‘Price includes a glass of mulled wine and a mince pie.’
      • ‘Downing another glass of the frothy liquid he stood shakily prepared to leave when someone called his name.’
      • ‘Before that fateful day, my partner was content with a glass of orange juice in the morning.’
      • ‘After a fix of chocolate, my energy levels would soon crash and burn and by supper-time I'd be wiped out again and desperate for a glass of wine.’
      • ‘He replied that he had drunk ‘two small glasses of beer’ while watching a World Cup football game much earlier in the day.’
      • ‘It's an hour's drive to my parent's house and I was eager to get home and pour myself a refreshing glass of Pineau de Charente, the local aperitif.’
      • ‘By serving wine by the glass, restaurants open a new realm for wine drinkers.’
      • ‘I eat chocolate cake, drink too many glasses of wine and party too late.’
      • ‘I accompanied my meal with a glass of draught cider for £1.10.’
      • ‘Drinking a couple of glasses creates a feeling of euphoria and a heightening of the senses, at once stimulating and relaxing.’
      • ‘All you need is a hammock, a banana boat sundae, a daiquiri glass and one of those cute little umbrellas.’
      • ‘After a heavy workout, drink several glasses of water, milk, and juice over a period of a few hours.’
      • ‘OK, so if I now have a glass of juice, then I've had three today.’
      • ‘He drank three glasses of beer and drove his electric taxi on the pavement in Bond Street.’
      • ‘Alcohol consumption should be limited up to two small drinks (one drink = one ounce whisky) or two glasses of beer or wine.’
      • ‘They go down very nicely with a glass of red wine.’
      • ‘But there should have been chaise longues instead of seats; then we could lie back and enjoy the night with a nice glass of malt whisky to hand.’
      • ‘Unravelling the small package he brought with him, he tipped its contents into a glass of water.’
      • ‘Sit back, close your eyes, get some hummus and a glass of tinto de verano or mint tea, switch on the sun lamp and pretend you're anywhere but here - and warm.’
      • ‘A local woman who never drinks had several glasses of fruit punch at a party and finished up driving at 64 miles an hour with well over twice the legal limit for alcohol.’
      • ‘I drank a couple of glasses of Champagne which went straight to my head.’
      • ‘Intitially, she claimed a passenger had been driving, but later admitted it had been her at the wheel and she had drunk four large glasses of wine.’
      • ‘The salad was slightly over-salted and consisted of peppers, olives, greens and tomatoes which we washed down with a glass of house white.’
      • ‘You know, from this angle it looks suspiciously like a glass of coke…’
      • ‘While running a marathon will make you lose a lot more water from your body than normal, it is important to drink about eight glasses of fluids every day.’
  • 3A lens, or an optical instrument containing a lens or lenses, in particular a monocle or a magnifying lens.

    • ‘A similarly shaped boundary for a glass lens in air was deduced by both Descartes and Huygens.’
    • ‘Somewhere outside there was a street lamp, it was caught in the glass, repeated, magnified and diminished, countless times.’
    • ‘An air bubble in water that is shaped like a normal glass lens would have roughly the opposite effect of the glass lens.’
    • ‘Pinhole photos look relatively sharp but nothing like the quality produced by a fine glass lens.’
    • ‘For shore watching 10 or 12 magnification glasses are better and a telescope on a tripod can be very useful.’
    • ‘Etta was a very austere widow who wore a little glass lens on a chain around her neck and held it up to peer at Norm and I whenever she visited us.’
    • ‘Feeling around inside he spots the glass lens of a video camera and pulls it out.’
    • ‘This allows you to scrutinize as much of the glass lens elements as possible.’
  • 4British A mirror.

    ‘she couldn't wait to put the dress on and look in the glass’
    • ‘When he sat in front of the massive picture window that framed his easel, the glass mirrored his likeness under a mammoth magnolia tree.’
    mirror, looking glass
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1dated A weather glass.
    2. 4.2archaic An hourglass.
      ‘every hour the ship's glass was turned’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cover or enclose with glass.

    ‘the inn has a long gallery, now glassed in’
    • ‘He followed her down a long hallway to a glassed in boardroom where two men stood waiting.’
    • ‘This was the entrance to our front porch, which was all glassed in.’
    • ‘The carvery is situated in the ‘new’ section of the pub, adjacent to the bar area and has one glassed in section with the roast meats and the bain marie hot boxes for the vegetables and the soup.’
    • ‘It has been glassed in and made into an attractive Visitors' Centre.’
    • ‘The restaurant is now fully air-conditioned, with the front section glassed in.’
    • ‘These stations are in the main all glassed in, and spotlessly clean.’
    • ‘An internal fiberglass liner is glassed in place and provides much of the structural support and stiffening for the hull.’
    • ‘The concourses are glassed in and the station waiting area is quite large and also glassy.’
    • ‘Exterior cast-in-place shored walkways surround the theaters and are protected with a cantilevered architectural concrete roof system, shaded and glassed in.’
    • ‘There are ancient rock carvings at the foot of a steep flight of steps; they are glassed over, but they prove worryingly hard to discern.’
    • ‘Although the arrow slits in the walls are glassed in and electric bulbs take the place of candlelight, as you ascend the narrow, anti-clockwise staircase, the feeling of a different time is strong.’
    • ‘The room is nicely glassed off, so kids can have fun, stay put, and not bother the staid old newspaper readers like me.’
    • ‘The restaurant is glassed in on two sides, having an elevated floor with computers, while on street level there is the dining area.’
    • ‘What was once the street is now the main lobby, which is glassed in so you can see its dome with original moulding and cornices.’
    • ‘The balcony is glassed in, and features corporate boxes.’
    • ‘Spend as little time at the airport as possible; avoid heavily glassed areas.’
  • 2(especially in hunting) scan (one's surroundings) with binoculars.

    ‘the first day was spent glassing the rolling hills’
    • ‘We reached the summit, hunkered below the skyline and began glassing the open swoops and dips of sagebrush terrain.’
    • ‘They stop and pass the binoculars back and forth, glassing the walls.’
    • ‘They were so large I thought at first they were bear tracks, and I spent the rest of the day anxiously glassing the cliffs above.’
    • ‘Opening morning found us perched near the top of some Georgia pines, freezing half to death, overlooking a small field where we had glassed a few good bucks during the summer.’
  • 3British informal Hit (someone) in the face with a beer glass.

    ‘he glassed the landlord because he'd been chatting to Jo’
    • ‘An illegal immigrant who glassed a man in a Chippenham nightclub has been remanded in custody by a judge at Swindon Crown Court.’
    • ‘He was convicted of glassing a man in 1991, and on Monday received a mandatory, new-style life sentence for a second offence of wounding with intent.’
    • ‘A 22-year-old woman alleged she had been glassed in the face on November 29 last year, leaving her with cuts and a broken nose.’
    • ‘A woman was glassed in the face by a man while she out enjoying a drink with friends, it has been revealed.’
    • ‘A man who glassed a teenager in the face leaving him scarred for life faces being banned from every licensed premises in Bradford.’
    • ‘A consultation document published by the Department of Health said there are more than 5,000 glassing injuries every year.’
    • ‘But when she was questioned later, she said she believed they were referring to the Friday night and not the Saturday night when her friend was glassed.’
    • ‘A York man was recovering from facial surgery in hospital today after a woman allegedly glassed him during a bar room brawl.’
    • ‘At least one man will bear the scars of this season forever; he was glassed in a city pub.’
    • ‘A mum left scarred for life after being glassed in the face today praised a judge for sending her attackers to prison.’
    • ‘A former public relations worker had to have stitches and specialist eye treatment after he was glassed in the face by a former friend a jury was told.’
    • ‘A city broker who glassed a colleague in an unprovoked attack has been jailed.’
    • ‘If I see someone come in to Ron's bar carrying a copy of it I will glass them.’
    • ‘A couple of blokes tried to glass me in the face with a pint tumbler.’
    • ‘When I realised I had been glassed, my immediate thought was, there's so much blood am I going to die?’
    • ‘An electrical engineer has escaped a jail sentence for glassing a former friend in the face, but must pay him £750 compensation.’
    • ‘A further 20 stitches were added last May, when he was allegedly glassed by a man in an up-market Sydney club.’
    • ‘Paramedics helped save the life of a 17-year-old man who suffered serious head injuries after being glassed in the pub at midnight last night.’
  • 4literary Reflect as if in a mirror.

    ‘the opposite slopes glassed themselves in the deep dark water’

Phrases

  • the glass is half-full (or half-empty)

    • Used to refer to an optimistic (or pessimistic) outlook on life.

      ‘she remains a person for whom the glass is always half-full, not half-empty’
      ‘I like to think of myself as a glass half-full kind of guy’
      • ‘It all depends on whether you believe the glass is half-full or half-empty.’
      • ‘When people ask if the glass is half-empty or half-full, my answer is: both.’
      • ‘On the other hand, there is an argument that the glass is half-full.’
      • ‘I'm curious from the president's point of view whether the glass is half-empty or half-full.’
      • ‘The day is half-over, the week is half-over, the glass is half-full.’
      • ‘It's possible to disagree over whether the glass is half-full or half-empty for black Americans.’
      • ‘Optimists may say that the glass is half-full, pessimists that the glass is half-empty.’
      • ‘They can choose the glass is half-empty story, the glass is half-full story or they can write a little of both.’
  • people (who live) in glass houses shouldn't throw stones

    • proverb You shouldn't criticize others when you have similar faults of your own.

      • ‘The shadow environment secretary said: ‘It's all very well criticising the failure of America to sign up to Kyoto, but people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.’
      • ‘Yes, it's an extremely derogatory term, and not one I would use myself, unless I'm angry of course, and even then I would feel uneasy (people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones).’
      • ‘So people who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones, eh?’
      • ‘One common test of abstraction is to explain what this means: ‘people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.’’

Origin

Old English glæs, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch glas and German Glas.

Pronunciation

glass

/ɡlɑːs/