One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A purple-flowered iris native to Eurasia and North Africa, which produces an unpleasant odour, especially when bruised.
Iris foetidissima, family IridaceaeAlso called stinking iris
- ‘One of them is the reserve of gladdons located near the southern town gates.’
- ‘This plant is also known as sweet root, sweet rush, sweet cane, sweet flag, gladdon, sweet myrtle, myrtle grass, myrtle sedge, and cinnamon sedge.’
- ‘It belongs to a section of the Iris family called Limniris, which also includes closely-related I. lazica 3 and British native I. foetidissima (gladdon, or stinking iris).’
- ‘The gladdon is a good plant for dry shade and will thrive even under yew trees.’
- ‘Its botanical name is Iris foetidissima and it is also known as stinking gladwin or gladdon.’
Old English glædene, based on Latin gladiolus (see gladiolus).
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