Main definitions of girdle in English

: girdle1girdle2

girdle1

noun

  • 1A belt or cord worn round the waist.

    ‘her waist was defined by a gold chain girdle’
    • ‘Some insignia, such as hats, necklaces, belts, and girdles, are worn daily.’
    • ‘The sleeves flared out at her elbows, and the silver girdle accentuated her slender waist; the fabric clung to her slim form.’
    • ‘They served as belt toggles to hold containers for tobacco, money and other objects that would be carried on the cloth belt or girdle, as the kimono had no pockets.’
    • ‘Its versatility gave it multitudinous forms, a girdle, a patka or waistband, or a drape around the shoulders.’
    • ‘The men wore gold chains, pendants, girdles, and finger rings.’
    • ‘It was a beautiful, yet plain sea-green gown with a small girdle.’
    • ‘Such gems could be woven into important clothing, on belts and girdles, mounted as jewellery, or just collected for their own sake.’
    • ‘His midriff was protected by a drape of chainmail covering a leather girdle and loincloth.’
    • ‘Black belts were strapped tightly across the waists and two of the men had an additional girdle across their broad chests from top left to bottom right.’
    • ‘There were rings for slender fingers, bracelets for elegant arms, girdles for shapely waists, and anklets for nimble feet that danced happily in the courtyard to the sound of sweet music.’
    • ‘The chulter, an intricately woven apron, is worn below the black wool girdle or belt.’
    • ‘His long-sleeved, shirt-like garment is held in at the waist by a narrow girdle.’
    • ‘A yard was originally the length of a man's belt or girdle, as it was called.’
    • ‘In dress he affected a purple robe with a golden girdle, bronze sandals, and a Delphic laurel-wreath, and in his manner he was grave and cultivated a regal public persona.’
    belt, sash, strap, cummerbund, waistband, band, girth, cord, fillet
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A thing that encircles something like a girdle.
      ‘a communications girdle around the world’
      • ‘Think about the abdominal structure as a girdle or wall that supports your internal organs and back.’
    2. 1.2Anatomy Either of two sets of bones encircling the body, to which the limbs are attached.
      • ‘These animals also have relatively large shoulder girdles, possibly to provide muscle attachment to support the weight of the huge head.’
      • ‘By doing so, your shoulder girdle will move back, allowing you to stretch your chest muscles farther during the exercise without placing as much stress on your front delts.’
      • ‘Because your shoulder girdle is an injury-prone area, take the following extra safety precautions when performing overhead presses.’
      • ‘The pectoral and pelvic girdles were also greatly expanded ventrally, although the dorsal parts of the girdles were reduced.’
      • ‘Thus, selection will necessarily favor a rigid body and limb girdles that act, as much as possible, by exerting force on the vertebral column.’
  • 2A woman's elasticated corset extending from waist to thigh.

    ‘she wears corsets and girdles, tight and uncomfortable’
    • ‘Others must rely on foam-padded bras and girdles to create womanly curves.’
    • ‘Unlike most sports bras or girdles currently on the market, this bra provides maximum support while minimizing the size of your breasts.’
    • ‘There they had me strip off behind a bush and put on a long line bra and girdle, a dress and wig.’
    • ‘Olivia obeyed, first putting on the girdle, feeling incredibly stupid, and then the bra that gave her so much lift it hurt.’
    • ‘She wore a white gown with a gilded leather girdle about her slender hips and her hair gleamed like molten gold in the morning sun.’
    • ‘Yet the exhibit still reveals the intricate machinery that made the New Look work: corsets, brassieres and girdles re-emerged from decades past to discipline the female body into the latest couture creations.’
    • ‘I shall wear my girdle at home as girdles are socially unacceptable.’
    • ‘I wore the girdle to sleep, I wore the girdle to blog, I wore the girdle to watch TV.’
    • ‘The actual subject herself only appears once or twice; the ‘portrait’ is built up metonymically, in terms of the objects the mother once wore or used: chemises, girdles, shoes, lipsticks, false teeth.’
    • ‘She pulled on a loose fitting chemise and a violet silk skirt over her girdle and stockings and left her room silently, in search of adventure.’
    • ‘Right now I should be wearing a bra and girdle and at times do and if I can ever afford to live alone I probably will.’
    • ‘But then again, she wore girdles and kept monogrammed hankies and Devonshire toffees in her handbag.’
    • ‘My grandmother is one of the last women on the planet who wears a girdle.’
    • ‘Avoid tight-fitting clothing or undergarments that restrict blood flow at the waist, groin & legs (e.g. girdles, stockings & socks).’
    • ‘‘I usually wear a girdle to hide any bumps,’ Dawn laughed.’
    • ‘She reaches up her skirt, wriggles, yanks free an enormous, elastic, tan girdle.’
    • ‘He unlaced her girdle rapidly; all the while his lips took in her face.’
    • ‘And most of all, she didn't have to wear a girdle.’
    • ‘I may have been only six years old at the time but even I knew you couldn't possibly forget you were wearing a girdle.’
    • ‘A bonus of tight winter underwear is that it acts as a sort of girdle to hold in the saggy bits of fat, giving you a slimmer silhouette.’
    corset, corselet, foundation garment, panty girdle
    View synonyms
  • 3The part of a cut gem dividing the crown from the base and embraced by the setting.

    • ‘The stone is next mounted on a lathe and, using a second diamond, the points of the crystal are ground away to form a round girdle, a process known as bruting.’
  • 4A ring made around a tree by removing bark.

    • ‘Girdling brought about carbohydrate (soluble sugar and starch) accumulation in leaves and shoot bark above the girdle, in trees during their fruitless, ‘off’ year.’
    • ‘It was observed in all twig tissues analysed apical to the girdle, including the bark.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Encircle (the body) with a girdle.

    ‘the Friar loosened the rope that girdled his waist’
    • ‘She was girdled up within an inch of her life in a high-waisted dress that had to be made.’
    1. 1.1 Surround; encircle.
      ‘the chain of volcanoes which girdles the Pacific’
      • ‘You can only girdle the globe 38 times with that.’
      • ‘According to their research, the droplets must have condensed from the cooling vapor cloud that girdled the Earth following the impact.’
      • ‘Permanent examples of anticyclones exist in the subtropics, where a belt of anticyclones girdles the world at latitudes between about 20 and 40 degrees.’
      • ‘The trade winds from both hemispheres converge towards the doldrums and a zone of low pressure, the equatorial trough, that girdles the earth.’
      • ‘The bus stop in her village is a semi circle of paved road girdled by a hillock.’
      • ‘During the low light of new moons, the satellites are sensitive enough to capture the network of electric lights girdling the globe.’
      • ‘All over Europe, the fringes of suburbia are blighted by the dreary apparatus of industry - undecorated sheds and dour offices in glum lots girdled by sterile acres of parking.’
      • ‘Like all the best old towns, it folds into its landscape, the grid of terraces like contours girdling the hill.’
      • ‘Elegant arcades girdled courtyards but most remaining today have been roughly adapted to modern needs.’
      • ‘About 35 serene green miles later, you're in Leiden, a university city girdled by canals and dominated by the gothic ostentation of its 15th century church.’
      • ‘To watch these small whales swimming only five miles from the city was a great privilege; to watch them departing on a river girdled with filth was less so.’
      • ‘Carmona, a half-hour's comfortable drive from Sevilla, is no exception, its Moorish hill-top fortifications girdled by a skirt of glaring white walls and terracotta roofs that spill down to the surrounding plains.’
      • ‘A large patio stepped down to a lawn girdled by flowers and cedars.’
      surround, enclose, encircle, circle, ring, encompass, circumscribe, border, bound, edge, skirt, fringe, form a ring around, form a barrier round
      View synonyms
  • 2Cut through the bark all the way round (a tree or branch), typically in order to kill it or to kill a branch to make the tree more fruitful.

    ‘sometimes the trees were completely girdled and died’
    • ‘If these are not removed they can girdle the tree, cutting into the trunk and eventually killing the tree.’
    • ‘Forty-five branches were girdled to control their leaf-to-fruit ratio precisely.’
    • ‘Trees up to 3 feet in diameter can be felled and larger trees can be girdled.’
    • ‘If you girdle the base of the tree exposing the cambium layer, the tree will die.’
    • ‘Avoid nicking the trunks of trees and shrubs; these cuts can injure or kill the plant by girdling the bark.’

Origin

Old English gyrdel, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch gordel and German Gürtel, also to gird and girth.

Pronunciation

girdle

/ˈɡəːd(ə)l/

Main definitions of girdle in English

: girdle1girdle2

girdle2

noun

Northern English, Scottish
  • A heavy, flat iron plate that is heated and used for cooking food; a griddle.

    • ‘Place a girdle or heavy non-stick frying pan on a medium heat.’
    • ‘We were flipping bannocks and oatcakes on girdles centuries before sun-dried-tomato ciabatta was invented.’

Origin

Late Middle English: variant of griddle.

Pronunciation

girdle

/ˈɡəːd(ə)l/