Definition of girder in English:



  • A large iron or steel beam or compound structure used for building bridges and the framework of large buildings.

    ‘the tower is made of steel girders criss-crossed to make it stronger’
    • ‘These things have collapsed buildings by taking out the steel girders in the center.’
    • ‘The cable stays are anchored to the girder using a simple steel gusset plate welded directly to the top flange.’
    • ‘Steel girders have been used in its construction, which could allow for building of a second storey or mezzanine.’
    • ‘These segments were supported by steel truss girders on falsework.’
    • ‘It depicts a construction worker hanging desperately from a steel girder on a building site.’
    • ‘The fifth is a splashy fountain made from recycled steel girders.’
    • ‘The pit is reinforced with a lattice of steel girders from top to bottom.’
    • ‘The structure currently consists of a 100-ft high framework of steel girders which towers over the town centre.’
    • ‘Do a similar layout on the girder, so that you know exactly where each joist crosses the girder.’
    • ‘Four men were arrested at the scene following the discovery of the cigarettes, which were smuggled into the country in steel girders.’
    • ‘The building was an architectural first, using steel girders as the basis for construction.’
    • ‘And he suggested that lives were saved by new steel girders and a sprinkler system.’
    • ‘Black construction workers tight-rope walked along the high steel girders of the airport building.’
    • ‘It appears to be solidly built, its thick iron girders criss-crossing the river.’
    • ‘They walk steel girders high in the air unhampered by any fear of heights.’
    • ‘He delivered newspapers and worked at a steel firm, shaping girders for bridges for a little while.’
    • ‘The roof was reinforced with steel girders to help support the multi-ton tanks that sat above us.’
    • ‘To stiffen the shallow vault, curved steel girders brace the two sides.’
    • ‘Some of the supporting steel girders buckled with the heat and the floor cracked.’
    • ‘This was a stark, bleak space, with dirt on the floor, steel girders and barred-up windows and tubes of neon lights.’
    joist, purlin, spar, support, strut, stay, brace, scantling, batten, transom, lintel, stringer, baulk, board, timber, plank, lath, rafter
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Early 17th century: from gird in the archaic sense ‘brace, strengthen’.