Definition of Gheg in English:



  • 1A member of one of the two main ethnic groups of Albania, living mainly in the north of the country.

    • ‘There are two major ethnic groups in Albania - the Ghegs and the Tosks.’
    • ‘Although dialect and cultural differences between the Ghegs and Tosks can be substantial, both sides identify strongly with the common national and ethnic culture.’
    • ‘The Ghegs and Kosovars have been especially successful in the Bronx area of New York City, selling and managing real estate.’
    • ‘Hence, Albanian nationalist intellectuals stressed linguistic nationalism in their attempts to build an Albanian national consciousness, an effort made difficult because of the Gheg / Tosk division.’
  • 2mass noun The dialect of Albanian spoken by the Gheg, with about 2 million speakers.

    Compare with Tosk
    • ‘Until World War II, Gheg was the dominant dialect.’
    • ‘In 1952, a standardized Albanian language was adopted, which is a mixture of Gheg and Tosk but with a prevailing Tosk element.’


  • Relating to the Gheg or their dialect.

    • ‘During the 1920s and 1930s, the government tried to establish a mixed Tosk and Gheg dialect from the Elbascan region as the official language.’
    • ‘The subject remains controversial, with northern intellectuals having reopened in recent years the possibility of reviving a literary standard for the Gheg dialect.’
    • ‘In addition to the standard Albanian terms (mostly similar to the Tosk dialect), Elsie often provides us with the variant forms of Gegerishte (the Gheg dialect of northern Albania).’
    • ‘Many writers and political activists spoke the Gheg dialect, and they kept it alive in the north of the country.’


From Albanian Geg.