Definition of germinate in English:



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  • 1(of a seed or spore) begin to grow and put out shoots after a period of dormancy.

    • ‘They did germinate on synthetic medium, but were inviable when streaked onto solid rich medium.’
    • ‘For example, seeds germinating in soil survive submergence by germinating anaerobically.’
    • ‘Keep your soil moist after planting and the seeds will germinate readily in about a week.’
    • ‘Peppers will not germinate well at room temperature - keep them at a constant 80 degrees for best success.’
    • ‘Beside surviving dehydration, the dwarf embryos were able to germinate and to develop into normal plants.’
    • ‘Fresh seeds of many arctic and alpine plant species germinate readily without any cold stratification treatment.’
    • ‘If snow cover is reliable, sow seeds late and they'll germinate in spring.’
    • ‘Sprinkle with grass seed, which will quickly germinate and cover the gap.’
    • ‘The stigma is the part of the orchid on which pollen grains germinate.’
    • ‘Seeds of all species have an optimal depth at which they germinate best, depending on soil conditions.’
    • ‘When contaminated seeds are planted, bunt spores germinate in the presence of moisture and infect the wheat seedlings.’
    • ‘Breakdown takes place after a period of rest when seeds germinate and seedlings start growing.’
    • ‘Seeds of all four species germinated in all plots at both treatment locations.’
    • ‘Dormancy is defined as the inability of a viable seed to germinate under conditions otherwise adequate for germination.’
    • ‘As weeds germinate, hand pull, hoe or spray with a weed killer.’
    • ‘The spores germinate in a film of water and penetrate into the plant tissue.’
    • ‘None of the species studied was able to germinate under anoxia.’
    • ‘Dashed segments of the line indicate where viable seeds do not germinate at low temperatures.’
    • ‘Many flower seeds simply will not germinate at high temperatures.’
    • ‘The oats will germinate quickly and protect the young hay seedlings from weed pressure early in the season.’
    • ‘Infant botulism occurs when ingested spores germinate and colonize the infant's gastrointestinal tract.’
    sprout, put forth shoots, shoot, shoot up, bud, put forth buds, develop buds, form buds
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    1. 1.1with object Cause (a seed or spore) to germinate.
      • ‘After Apollo 14 landed, a Forest Service scientist germinated the seeds at NASA's manned space center at Houston.’
      • ‘Seeds were germinated on wet filter paper and grown without the addition of ABA.’
      • ‘Legume pollen is normally difficult to germinate on artificial medium.’
      • ‘Seeds were germinated in the dark on filter papers moistened with deionized water.’
      • ‘Pollen was germinated in vitro in liquid medium for 10 min and harvested by centrifugation.’
      • ‘Although windowsills are good places to germinate seeds, they do have some drawbacks.’
      • ‘Sixty healthy rosettes, germinated in a greenhouse in March 1986, were used.’
      • ‘An advantage to doing this in the winter is that nature provides enough water to germinate the seeds, whereas it is necessary to sprinkle the areas during other times of the year.’
      • ‘Following cold stratification, seeds were germinated in the watered plug trays under natural day lengths in the greenhouses of Brown University and NCSU.’
      • ‘One of the ideas was to use empty yoghurt pots to germinate seeds.’
      • ‘When one plants there must be enough moisture to germinate the seeds so that the crops emerge at the same time.’
      • ‘I recommend you use the same soilless mix used for germinating the seeds.’
      • ‘Two series of experiments were conducted to determine if meditation on the water used to germinate seeds could affect their germination rate.’
      • ‘Fall rains and winter snows will provide moisture to germinate seeds.’
      • ‘The collected soil samples were germinated in plastic trays.’
      • ‘The seeds were stratified and germinated in a greenhouse at Rutgers University.’
      • ‘Seeds were germinated under sterile conditions on 1% agar in tissue culture tubes in a growth chamber.’
      • ‘Sterilized seeds were germinated in the dark at room temperature using two rooting environments.’
      • ‘You most often see this where rice is grown as rice needs to be grown on precisely level fields that contain a shallow layer of water to germinate the seed.’
      • ‘Mrs Perry said pumpkins did not take much work and her daughter had her own greenhouse and had germinated the seeds herself.’
      sprout, put forth shoots, shoot, shoot up, bud, put forth buds, develop buds, form buds
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    2. 1.2 Come into existence and develop.
      ‘the idea germinated and slowly grew into an obsession’
      • ‘When I read the poets of my bioregion I feel their words slide off the printed page, germinate - take root.’
      • ‘We think that the idea that he was at a disadvantage has germinated very slowly over the years.’
      • ‘As an expert counsellor you know love has to germinate slowly over a long period.’
      • ‘The idea for Gubu Nation - a collection of more than 50 uniquely Irish tales during the country's development - germinated during this time.’
      • ‘Frequent interruptions, whether by meetings, phone calls or e-mails, keep new ideas from germinating.’
      • ‘The basic ideas germinate for a long time.’
      • ‘While we need markets, we also need room for the visionary ideas, accidental discoveries, and embryonic notions that germinate into real breakthroughs, if only they have the space to grow.’
      • ‘Through a combination of her determination and solid common sense, the club was fully operational within a few months of the idea germinating.’
      • ‘All in all, this 14th track on the album also appreciates the democracy that is slowly germinating in the Southern African former British colony.’
      • ‘An important idea is germinating in this passage.’
      • ‘Schuman's sixth also unfolds in one movement from a germinating idea and one thing seems to lead inexorably to another.’
      • ‘The short stories published by authors in various rags are the hidden store of ideas for the larger and more onerous novels that germinate from them, mostly for the lucrative rewards.’
      • ‘The idea for this recipe germinated during a trip to the United States where we had various versions of miso-glazed sea bass.’
      • ‘He also has two spin-off business ideas germinating.’
      • ‘These are tools for helping communities to germinate, develop and extend themselves.’
      • ‘The film idea germinated when he returned home in 1998.’
      • ‘The second development, of no less significance, had been germinating since the mid-nineties.’
      • ‘But, as Hollywood has often illustrated, the seed of a worthwhile idea does not necessarily germinate into a compelling motion picture.’
      • ‘The idea of writing a book about her experiences germinated however, in the back of her mind.’
      • ‘The idea to become a priest had been germinating for several years.’
      develop, take root, grow, spring up, arise, emerge, evolve, mature, expand, enlarge, spread, advance, progress
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Late 16th century: from Latin germinat- ‘sprouted forth, budded’, from the verb germinare, from germen, germin- ‘sprout, seed’.