Definition of Germinal in English:

Germinal

noun

  • The seventh month of the French Republican calendar (1793–1805), originally running from 21 March to 19 April.

    • ‘These ideas had a wide influence on the creation of the Franc Germinal (17 Germinal an XI, 7 April 1803) and on the law granting the Banque de France its monopoly on issuing banknotes.’
    • ‘A further law of 18 Germinal of the following year provided for the decimalisation of the new currency and the naming of it as the ‘franc’.’
    • ‘Out went the old months - January to December - and in came Vendémiaire, Brumaire, Frimaire, Nivôse, Pluviôse, Ventôse, Germinal, Floréal, Prairial, Messidor, Thermidor and Fructidor.’

Pronunciation:

Germinal

/ˈdʒəːmɪn(ə)l//French ʒɛʀminal/

Definition of germinal in English:

germinal

adjective

  • 1[attributive] Relating to or of the nature of a germ cell or embryo.

    • ‘In germinal lineages, replicative insertions are frequent, occurring in premeiotic, meiotic, and postmeiotic cells, while excision events are rare.’
    • ‘The primitive germinal cells are the spermatogonia, which lie peripherally in the tubule wall, outside the barrier of Sertoli cell junctions.’
    • ‘Teratoma typically contains tissues derived from all 3 germinal layers, whereas dermoid cyst presumably originates from ectoderm and mesoderm.’
    • ‘Microscopy revealed acellular laminated membranes with a germinal layer within the medullary cavity of the tibia and fibula.’
    • ‘The cells in the germinal zone have receptors for growth hormone, and growth hormone is probably directly responsible for stimulating these stem cells to proliferate.’
    • ‘The cell synthesized by somatic cell nuclear transfer, no less than the fertilized egg, is a human organism in its germinal stage.’
    • ‘Transgenic selection assays provide a unique opportunity to study the mechanisms of mutagenicity in different somatic and germinal tissues in vivo.’
    • ‘An emerging constant among vertebrates is the presence of a germinal epithelium composed of somatic and germ cells in both males and females.’
    • ‘DNA from 11 independent germinal revertants was cloned and sequenced.’
    • ‘The same motifs are found in samples from both transgenic and wild-type germinal center B cells.’
    • ‘It isn't sensible to make predictions based on evolution when cloning and germinal choice technology are a decade away.’
    • ‘It has been reported that the use of THH leads to reversible inhibition of germinal cell development in both humans and rats.’
    • ‘That these are not T lymphocytes was confirmed by CD3 immunostaining, which showed only occasional T cells in the germinal centers.’
    • ‘Radiation inhibits mitotic activity in the germinal cells of the epidermis, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands.’
    • ‘The role of the Sertoli cells is to nourish the developing and maturing germinal cells which are eventually released into the lumen of the tubule as spermatozoa.’
    • ‘At this time, expression within the eyes and tectum becomes restricted to cells within the proliferative germinal zones.’
    • ‘These are identified by the alternation of the germinal epithelium between continuous and discontinuous types and the stages of germ cells present.’
    • ‘Our investigation reveals that there is constant origin of ovarian follicles from the germinal epithelium among taxa.’
    • ‘In DNA blot analysis, no somatic or germinal transposition events could be detected from lines that carried Ac3.’
    • ‘They may represent calcified daughter hydatid cysts separated by fibrous tissue or, more likely, a redundant, folded, inner germinal wall of a cyst.’
    rudimentary, undeveloped, unformed, immature, incomplete, incipient, inchoate, just beginning
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1In the earliest stage of development.
      ‘a germinal idea’
      • ‘The germinal idea here was that the dead walk the earth.’
      • ‘Joining a germinal but growing movement, the soldiers represent that war-weariness and a desired return to sanity in the country.’
      • ‘She's currently putting together a collection of fiction that includes these pieces, and a second novel is in the germinal stage.’
      • ‘The film represents something of a milestone - many of the elements of all the crime and action films of the future are here already, in germinal form.’
      • ‘With Solomon, thoughtfulness prevailed, reducing both concertos to the germinal idea.’
      • ‘Regulation can determine where germinal technologies develop and how publicly they are used, but resistance is futile, since it is impossible to stop the technology everywhere.’
      • ‘While germinal creativity produces unique ideas, the child may not yet have the ability to execute them well or communicate them clearly to others.’
    2. 1.2Providing material for future development.
      ‘de Beauvoir's germinal book The Second Sex’
      • ‘Indeed, it is significant that in this book, Smith's interpretation of Marx is in part derived from Bertell Oilman's germinal book Alienation.’
      • ‘Franck often starts with a germinal motif from which the rest of the material develops.’
      • ‘In Berlin's germinal article, he uses the term epistemology, and scholars in composition studies have followed suit.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from Latin germen, germin- sprout, seed + -al.

Pronunciation:

germinal

/ˈdʒəːmɪn(ə)l/