Definition of germanium in English:

germanium

noun

mass noun
  • The chemical element of atomic number 32, a shiny grey metalloid. Germanium was important in the making of transistors and other semiconductor devices, but has been largely replaced by silicon.

    • ‘Recently, alloys of gadolinium, germanium and silicon have produces a much larger effect size of 3 to 4°C per Tesla change.’
    • ‘By forcing crystals of germanium or silicon to grow with impurities such as boron or phosphorus, the crystals gain entirely different electrical conductive properties.’
    • ‘Microprocessors are fabricated on a single crystal of a semiconducting material such as silicon or germanium.’
    • ‘Rorrer's lab aims to incorporate elements such as silicon, germanium, titanium, and gallium into the diatoms' silica shells.’
    • ‘Improving the performance of silicon transistors and circuits by adding another semiconductor material is one approach, and silicon germanium is the most popular of the new materials.’

Origin

Late 19th century: modern Latin, from Latin Germanus (see German).

Pronunciation

germanium

/dʒəːˈmeɪnɪəm/