Definition of geography in English:


Pronunciation /ˈdʒɒɡrəfi//dʒɪˈɒɡrəfi/


mass noun
  • 1The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources and political and economic activities.

    • ‘Upon further inquiries, I was told that humanities combines the study of geography and history.’
    • ‘From his works we know that Kushyar was primarily an astronomer who wrote texts on astronomy and geography.’
    • ‘He studied languages and geography, developing a keen interest in other cultures.’
    • ‘It discusses topics such as geometry, geography and algebra with applications to the longitudes of the planets.’
    • ‘Forty-four percent of eighth grade teachers reported that they were very prepared to teach geography.’
    • ‘The theme is York's environment, which takes in science, geography, history and arts topics.’
    • ‘New rules to be introduced will force cabbies to take lessons in everything from manners to regional geography.’
    • ‘A degree in geography won't affect your enjoyment of this film, but knowledge is its own reward.’
    • ‘In astronomy and geography Arabic influence was even more pronounced.’
    • ‘If I asked you to tell me three days later about a chapter you read in geography about weather cycles would you be able to tell me all the facts?’
    • ‘These in turn led to advances in geography and cartography and the colonization of new lands.’
    • ‘Bonwick's first writings were school texts in geography and history.’
    • ‘For a work of economic geography, there are few maps, and none of them is very detailed.’
    • ‘He was 18 at the time and was well vested with history, geography and mathematics.’
    • ‘In fact, from pure geography, it is difficult to tell where the archipelago starts.’
    • ‘It was the basis of military science and also of geography and administration.’
    • ‘The expo has stalls on genome geography, genetic disorders and abuse of science.’
    • ‘Gemma Frisius applied his mathematical expertise to geography, astronomy and map making.’
    • ‘It is a fact of geography that near the equator, the earth receives more energy from the sun.’
    • ‘As such, this book will most likely to appeal to readers with a bent towards geography and mathematics.’
    1. 1.1usually in singular The nature and relative arrangement of places and physical features.
      ‘the geography of post-war London’
      • ‘The political geography of the nineteenth-century city was a distinctive one.’
      • ‘I think it's very important to know the geography of our planet.’
      • ‘It affected our language, our culture, our geography, our architecture and even the way we think.’
      • ‘Plans for economic expansion inevitably had sectarian implications, given the religious and political geography of the region.’
      • ‘Like other historians before her, Mein Smith errs when it comes to Northland geography.’
      • ‘Although this framework provides a powerful approach to understanding the historical geographies of places, such as Newcastle and Ladysmith, it is also ambitious.’
      • ‘Physically, the natural geography of the city resembles Scotland, with mountain ranges and lakes.’
      • ‘The electoral geography of the country remained static until the 1900s.’
      • ‘We are linked by our people, by our history, by geography and by our economy.’
      • ‘Namibia is a diverse country, both in its geography and the composition of its population.’
      • ‘Years later, when my father began to misplace his memory, he would knit together the geographies of the various cities in which he had lived.’
      • ‘Dwelling types are varied, and what are sometimes called regional types are often in reality associated with local geographies or, within a single zone, with rustic versus more modern styles.’
      • ‘These are French names, which still sit here and are part of our geography.’
      • ‘The hollowing-out of the welfare state and the realignment of the various geographies of power, then, have to be seen as complex, and sometimes contradictory, processes.’
      • ‘We can certainly agree on the need for a map of Britain's new political and cultural geography.’
      • ‘And we are part of Europe by geography, by history, by economics and by choice.’
      • ‘China's economic geography was formerly heavily shaped by a socialist ideology that downplayed agglomeration economies.’
      • ‘Benefits include not having to pay rent, seeing more of your good friends and getting to know local geography.’
      • ‘They were concerned with the effects of geography on human emotions and behaviour.’
      • ‘Voting is also tied to geography here, so if you move and forget to register in your new city, you won't be able to vote when the time comes.’
      arrangement, design, organization, make-up, shape
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2count noun (especially in business) a geographical area; a region.
      • ‘We have implemented a number of ways to engage in dialogue, across levels and across geographies.’
      • ‘There are two distinct new economic geographies in the Anglo-American literature.’
      • ‘Although this framework provides a powerful approach to understanding the historical geographies of places, such as Newcastle and Ladysmith, it is also ambitious.’
      • ‘In the long run, the way the site works consistently across geographies is going to be important to global trade.’
      • ‘In the conclusion, we return to the theme of multiple geographies.’
      • ‘So your growth rate will be a function of how rapidly you add commission representatives in the geographies that you want to attack.’
      • ‘They are certainly capable of growing out of Asia in their theoretical work to make major contributions to global economic geographies.’
      • ‘Second, we outline our advocacy for more theorization in future research on economic geographies of Asia.’
      • ‘Through a combination of consistent sales effort, good operational execution and focused cost management, we performed well across all products and geographies.’
      • ‘Agrofood studies have conceptualized product quality and its role in geographies of food production and consumption in a number of different ways.’
      • ‘In fact, several companies are in the process of setting up on-site delivery centres in different geographies.’
      • ‘The number of online customers is practically unlimited, but it is difficult to find them because they are dispersed across wide geographies and are harder to target.’
      • ‘The 40 % of the communities where you saw the increases, can you just give us a feel for the geographies where that was.’
      • ‘The second theme tying together the papers is their emphasis on exploring and developing new geographies of fear of crime.’
      • ‘The tangled scalar geographies of welfare retrenchment and workfarist institution building cannot be collapsed into a single scalar narrative.’
      • ‘I think what I said in my remarks is really all geographies were strong.’
      • ‘The wormhole is invoked as a way of describing the concrete geographies of positionality and their non-Euclidean relationship to the Earth's surface.’
      • ‘The most difficult areas we found were with respect to the geographies.’
      • ‘In the past decade, however, economic restructuring within the comic book industry has created dramatically new geographies of production.’
      • ‘Can you give us some color in terms of the geographies?’


Late 15th century: from French géographie or Latin geographia, from Greek geōgraphia, from gē ‘earth’ + -graphia ‘writing’.