One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Relating to or denoting a case of nouns and pronouns (and words in grammatical agreement with them) indicating possession or close association.
- ‘The nominal system distinguishes five cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative; the genitive and dative endings are always the same.’
- ‘Write in columns the nominative singular, genitive plural, gender, and meaning of: - operibus, principe, imperatori, genere, apro, nivem, vires, frondi, muri.’
- ‘Since every regular noun has a genitive form, every trademark that has the form of a singular noun has a genitive form too.’
- ‘The only noun inflexion preserved in Modern English is the possessive ending ‘s’ which is a survival of the common Germanic masculine singular genitive case ending.’
- ‘Meanwhile the Malays and Chinese had managed to build impressive civilisations without so much as a past tense, let alone a subjunctive, or genitive plural.’
1A word in the genitive case.
- ‘Attributive genitives are linked to the nouns they qualify by a system of connective particles.’
- ‘In phrases, adjectives and genitives generally precede nouns: micel fld ‘a great flood;’ Westseaxna cyning ‘king of the West Saxons.’’
- 1.1the genitive The genitive case.
- ‘The genitive also expresses possession: ‘whose house is this?’’
- ‘As students of the language may recall, German has four cases - nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative - which see words change in order to explain their relationship to each other.’
- ‘Such instances are common in Arabic and one finds many examples in which an accusative of state occurs from a governed noun in the genitive.’
- ‘Surnames were frequently created out of the Latin genitive of some ancestor's given name.’
- ‘Why do some verbs take the genitive, not the accusative?’
Late Middle English: from Old French genitif, -ive or Latin genitivus (casus) ‘(case) of production or origin’, from gignere ‘beget’.
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