Definition of gather in English:

gather

verb

  • 1[no object] Come together; assemble or accumulate.

    ‘as soon as a crowd gathered, the police came’
    • ‘From atop a tree-house, the big picture of a man with a white flowing beard gazed down on a merry crowd gathered around a huge cake.’
    • ‘Nearby, anxious crowds gathered around lists of injured posted on the walls of the hospital buildings.’
    • ‘Crowds also gathered around a television where footage of the annual school drills from the 1960s was being shown.’
    • ‘It seems that a crowd of them had gathered around the quarrelling demonstrators, while the British cops attempted to keep the two sides apart.’
    • ‘As we stood there conversing in this manner, a crowd gathered around to listen.’
    • ‘And again, she told herself that as she entered the party and viewed the crowd of fans gathered around him.’
    • ‘Philip's statement brought a ripple of laughter from the crowd of assembled contestants gathered around the archery range.’
    • ‘The sporting entertainment kicked off early in the day as crowds gathered around large TV screens to watch the World Cup final.’
    • ‘I still remember a lover's quarrel last February when I'd walked desolately along Madison Avenue, only to come across a small crowd gathered around the store.’
    • ‘He said that when he arrived on the scene at 2.46 pm a crowd of youths had gathered around the southern edge of the lagoon, off Northfield Lane.’
    • ‘Large crowds have gathered around him, and he begins to teach them.’
    • ‘A lot of young girls had experienced terrible intimidation by the crowds gathered around the shop in the past.’
    • ‘The grocery shop was next door to the sweet shop and when I got there I saw a crowd of children gathered around a television camera and some photographers.’
    • ‘Many in a strong crowd, who had gathered around the screens, were heard to remark it was all about politics rather than singing and the song.’
    • ‘A big crowd gathered around the freshly painted Red Cross Centre to join in the celebrations of the new facilities to the region.’
    • ‘A crowd gathered around one of the burned-out cars.’
    • ‘And judging from the crowds gathered around the trophy and the queues looping around the Brunel Plaza, the tour looks to be on target for success.’
    • ‘Mike looked around at the assemblage gathered around him.’
    • ‘A crowd of 300 demonstrators gathered around the jail, hurling firebombs, rockets and stones at the patrol.’
    • ‘A crowd had gathered around one of the cottages in the town square.’
    congregate, convene, assemble, meet, collect, come together, get together, muster, rally, converge
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  • 2[with object] Bring together and take in from scattered places or sources.

    ‘information that we have gathered about people’
    • ‘Stars are not scattered randomly through space, they are gathered together into vast groups known as galaxies.’
    • ‘He scoured medical textbooks and science web sites to gather information on the sources of many human illnesses.’
    • ‘A compiled fist is data gathered from third-party public sources, such as government records, newspapers and directories.’
    • ‘I tried to gather the suddenly scattered memories of court etiquette that had been drilled into me since I understood the concept of courtesy.’
    • ‘Journalists will protect their confidential sources and will try to gather information with honest and legal means and will not conceal their occupation.’
    • ‘All information contained herein is gathered from sources we believe to be reliable.’
    • ‘The main sources used to gather information were as follows.’
    • ‘I gathered a crew and brought in reinforcements from Brooklyn.’
    • ‘The former is deathmatch with the expected setting choices, while the latter is a competition to gather items scattered around the maps.’
    • ‘We've gathered information from many sources and organized it to provide complete yet understandable information on decisions you now face.’
    • ‘I gathered the information from books and other sources and created the pages.’
    • ‘We've gathered reports from sources we trust - and we plan to add more.’
    • ‘He gathers information from a variety of sources such as newspapers, trade journals, and books on the latest topics and trends.’
    • ‘The growth of the internet has made it so easy for people both to gather information from diverse sources and to disseminate information to diverse recipients.’
    • ‘Student editors spend an enormous amount of time gathering every source cited by the author, then checking each one to make sure it supports what the author is saying.’
    • ‘Earlier literature was gathered from non-electronic sources by the authors.’
    • ‘‘For the fifth task, you must gather both flags and bring them back here,’ said Bradley.’
    • ‘All the information used for the article was gathered from public sources.’
    • ‘Many of the Christian themes scattered throughout his writings are here gathered together.’
    • ‘Nevertheless here, and in the Source book, material previously scattered in archives is gathered together and ordered.’
    collect, get together, put together, accumulate, amass, assemble, garner
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    1. 2.1Pick something up.
      ‘I gathered up the prescription and went to the door’
      • ‘We gathered the cat back up and walked back to its apartment.’
      • ‘Vaguely recognising a cup of coffee and a slice of cake, I gathered them up clumsily and joined the queue towards the cash-register.’
      • ‘I had to gather it up and wash and bleach it to get the muddy paw prints out of the sheets.’
    2. 2.2Harvest grain or other crops.
      ‘the harvest of wheat and barley had been gathered in’
      • ‘The abundance of apple sellers, though, harks back to the old days when all the crops would be gathered in and no fruit picked after this date for the puca, a supernatural being, would be busy spoiling unpicked fruit at Halloween.’
      • ‘August to November heralds another period of fair weather, when the harvest is gathered in.’
      • ‘To most Pagans Samhain is a sacred day - a time when the last harvests are gathered in before winter's arrival, and the time when family members who have passed away are remembered and honored.’
    3. 2.3[no object]Collect plants, fruits, etc., for food.
      ‘the Bushmen live by hunting and gathering’
      • ‘It has changed from necessary food gathering to commercial harvest by way of eel traps.’
      • ‘The summer months were the time when the villagers would collectively gather, grow and store firewood and food to help tide the long winter months.’
      • ‘Sixteen Irish people would be brought to an uninhabited island in the South Pacific and left there to survive on the food they could gather or kill for themselves.’
      • ‘I even threw some tortilla chips on the ground, and the jays gathered up the chips as rapidly as they did the peanuts.’
      • ‘Women performed extensive plant gathering, including a wide variety of roots, berries, and seeds.’
      • ‘Following a difficult voyage, the sailors enjoyed some months on Tahiti gathering and cultivating breadfruit plants.’
      • ‘The diet of Inuit hunters in the Arctic is composed almost entirely of meat and fish, but most hunter-gatherers in other parts of the world obtain more food from gathering plants than from hunting animals.’
      • ‘For example, bereaved relatives were not allowed to participate in food gathering until someone fed them the first wild rice or maple sugar of the season.’
      • ‘Expect to see more extreme food gathering from these boys in future episodes.’
      • ‘This led to the creation of tools to aid them in their activities such as hunting and food gathering.’
      • ‘Apples and pears, when lying on the ground, could be gathered up as public fruit.’
      • ‘After two quick rounds of food gathering, the students learn about the variety of animal species that live underground and glean insight into their fragile cave habitat.’
      • ‘After collecting several branches of large red berries, he gathered as many wedge fruit as he could carry from the nearby tree and walked back to their spot on the grass.’
      • ‘Life inside the reserve is harsh, as the Bushmen are banned from hunting, gathering and collecting firewood.’
      • ‘Botanical knowledge is (and would have been in prehistory) greatest among the women who gather, collect, harvest, and process plant resources.’
      • ‘Because they need a lot of food, especially when the days shorten and sustenance becomes scarce, chickadees spend all autumn gathering and storing food.’
      • ‘Based on situational requirements these handguns can be used for food gathering, and in some instances, defense against dangerous wild animals.’
      • ‘The basic economy of hunting, fishing, and food gathering, and the settlement pattern that focused on lake margins and river valley locations, remained unchanged.’
      • ‘Who will feed those kids if they go to school and their parents are working in the dingiest of atmospheres to gather barely enough food to feed themselves?’
      • ‘In some areas of low population density hunting of wild pigs predominates, along with food gathering, hunting and collection of wild plants and animals.’
  • 3[with object] Increase in (speed, force, etc.)

    ‘the destroyer gathered speed’
    • ‘Marie gets out her map as the train gathers speed toward Elephant and Castle.’
    • ‘The result of these forces gathering momentum in the coming fight over policy, he says, will be an historic clash with massive implications for the coming decades.’
    • ‘Colliding with shorter broken lines along the way, each element seems to gather energy and speed in a display of centrifugal force.’
    • ‘He gathered speed and hovered near the largest group of battling soldiers.’
    • ‘To do so would be a mistake, for the novel gathers force and what appears to be a woolly, romantic start turns out to be necessary and crafted.’
    • ‘As we gathered speed out of Mazatlan, the empty window frames offered a cooling breeze through the stuffy carriage, and I started to take stock of the characters travelling around us.’
    • ‘It appeared to gather speed and then veered off to her right and out of her view.’
    • ‘By the mid-1990s, a new strategy began to gather force.’
    • ‘I braced myself as we sped up the hard shoulder for what seemed like an eternity before we'd gathered enough speed to join the motorway.’
    • ‘Smoke twisted from the jaws of the stack, the big wheel turned, slowly at first, gathering momentum and speed.’
    • ‘There were lots of reasons which gathered speed over the years but I still love him.’
    • ‘Moving under its own weight, the trolley gathered speed up to 40 mph and would have reached the men on the track at Tebay in minutes.’
    • ‘The whirlwind romance took a little time to gather speed - just a quarter of a century.’
    • ‘Inspired by prohibition in the US, his campaign soon gathered momentum and the Alliance became a political force to be reckoned with.’
    • ‘Until our campaign gathers speed - and we'd imagine we're in for a pretty long wait - we have an archery game for you to play today.’
    • ‘As the glacier gathers speed on the steeper sides of the mountain, it contorts and breaks, forming gnarled canyons and crevices of blue ice which are both beautiful and lethal.’
    • ‘When bad times hit, they lose faith, and, instead of giving a new product time to gather speed, they force it into a seemingly more certain, established market.’
    • ‘If you set a snowball off down a hill it will gather speed and momentum and that's what's happened here.’
    • ‘The desire for speed gathered momentum in the twentieth century as America's strategic obligations broadened across the globe.’
    • ‘Then it gathered speed and fell with an enormous crash.’
  • 4[with object] Infer; understand.

    [with clause] ‘I gathered that they were old friends’
    • ‘Indeed, the genre blurring of the title is intended, one gathers, to apply not only to Manet and Flaubert but also to Reed's own text.’
    • ‘You will have gathered by now that it would be an understatement to say he is no admirer of his subject.’
    • ‘One gathers from their questions that this was a rare encounter.’
    • ‘The director, one gathers, wants a Paris Commune purified of all its difficult and perhaps unpleasant associations, a kind of utopian model to hold out to today's radical protesters.’
    understand, be given to understand, believe, be led to believe, think, conclude, come to the conclusion, deduce, infer, draw the inference, assume, surmise, fancy
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  • 5[with object] Summon up (a mental or physical attribute) for a purpose.

    ‘she lay gathering her thoughts together’
    ‘he gathered himself for a tremendous leap’
    • ‘That barren garden: where, presumably, he soon woke, wounded, worried, gathering himself together, and vowed never to return.’
    • ‘He gathered himself up and tried to perform first aid.’
    • ‘She could hear then breathing and gathering their courage.’
    • ‘Finally, I gathered my courage and brought my gaze up to look at him.’
    • ‘For years he had longed for his friendship with this woman to become something more, and having recently gathered up the nerve to court her, his wishes had been granted.’
    • ‘Still, after a certain number of blows, I managed to gather myself to the degree that I knew what to do, which was to run.’
    • ‘He gathered himself up with as much dignity as he could muster before glaring at me.’
    • ‘In search of some peace, I gathered myself out of bed.’
    • ‘I chuckled, but finally gathered myself and stopped laughing.’
    • ‘Somehow, they gathered themselves to beat Limerick in the first round of the qualifiers but the core discontent hadn't been addressed.’
    • ‘That was when she gathered her senses and noticed the mosaic floor beneath her.’
    • ‘She gathered herself up and took a good look around.’
    • ‘John gathered himself up, trying to look important.’
    • ‘Brian stopped at the red light, and gathered himself.’
    • ‘Feeling utterly stupid I gathered myself up from under the rubble and hobbled inelegantly to find a first aider.’
    • ‘He stared for a moment, gathered himself mentally, and bowed his head.’
    • ‘When they've gathered themselves within striking range, we're dead.’
    • ‘He blinked a few times before he gathered himself.’
    • ‘Thankfully that was not the case as the lads once again gathered themselves and shot two late points to secure that all-important victory.’
    • ‘But they gathered themselves and came good at the last.’
    summon, summon up, call together, bring together, assemble, convene, rally, round up
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    1. 5.1Gain or recover (one's breath)
      ‘she paused to gather her breath and leaned against the wall puffing’
      • ‘It was rather tight and it was slightly hard to gather enough air to breathe, but I managed.’
      • ‘Refusing to panic, she gathered her breath and struggled to release her foot and leg.’
      • ‘When she finally gathered her breath she smirked.’
      • ‘The effort must have taken a lot out of him, but when he had gathered enough breath to speak, he did so with panting breaths.’
      • ‘She had just run from an inn on the outskirts of the town, and still gathered her breath from the way.’
      • ‘Look, gather your breath and have a good rest and keep your chin up because the Court of Criminal Appeal have really done you proud.’
      • ‘I suspect that, if I get to look back on it at the end of the decade, this will seem to have been a year for gathering breath and gaining strength, a pause in the unwritten plan.’
      • ‘It must have the stamina to sing with only short pauses to gather breath, and its notes must be loud and clear.’
      • ‘No sooner had I closed my notebook on it pending a future revision and expansion than the wind slewed round, gathered breath, and commenced to blow.’
      • ‘We'll take a bit of a break to gather our breath and then decide exactly when we should go to market.’
      • ‘I try to imagine this, taking the opportunity to gather my breath before returning to the fray.’
      • ‘She paused a moment to gather breath as she felt dizzy from using her powers.’
      • ‘She took a few moments to gather enough breath to get anything audible out.’
      • ‘She paused for a moment, as if gathering her breath for another onslaught of rapid-fire questions.’
      • ‘He gathered his breath, thought about patting the vacant place next to him as an invitation for Rosa to sit, and tried to smile.’
  • 6[with object] Pull (someone) into one's arms.

    ‘she gathered the child in her arms’
    • ‘In the next instant I felt him pulling me to him, gathering me into his arms.’
    • ‘She reached out for him, with both hands outstretched, and he responded by standing, and gently pulling her to her feet, and gathering her into his arms.’
    • ‘He stretches over her onto his side of the bed and slides into it, pulling the covers up and gathering her into his arms.’
    • ‘The two embrace and gather the child between them.’
    • ‘I gathered up my little ones with just the clothes we were wearing and left for good, not looking back and not knowing our destiny.’
    • ‘He gathered me up into his arms and pulled me close into him.’
    • ‘Then we'd stopped and Wilson had gathered me into his arms, pulling me onto his lap as he claimed a swing.’
    • ‘He smiled at her and then gathered her into an embrace holding her tightly with his muscular arms.’
    clasp, clutch, take, pull, embrace, enfold, hold, hug, cuddle, squeeze
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    1. 6.1Pull (clothing) more tightly around one's body.
      • ‘The skirts are large and billowing, and Anna must constantly gather them around her body in defense against the strong wind.’
      • ‘Women in Oman wear very colorful dresses over loose-fitting pants that are gathered tightly at the ankles.’
      • ‘I gather my shawl more tightly around me and revel in the combination of warm days and cool evenings.’
      • ‘She gathered the shawl tightly about her and set off down the deck.’
      • ‘Quickly, he pulled up his cloak which was hanging from his body and gathered it behind him.’
  • 7[with object] Draw and hold together (fabric or a part of a garment) by running thread through it.

    ‘the front is gathered at the waist’
    • ‘The dress was a pale lime green, it had a wasp waist and the skirt was gathered the tiniest bit to give it some twirl.’
    • ‘Jersey and stretch linen are gathered faintly reminiscent of ancient Greece, yet wrapped around the body in hourglass silhouettes.’
    • ‘Affix rope, fringe or cording to an ordinary throw pillow or gathered slipcover skirt.’
    • ‘The fabric is gathered at the waist with a belt which is tied at the side.’
    • ‘Pull up the threads to gather the fabric into pleats.’
    • ‘Pull the basting bobbin threads to gather the skirt.’
    • ‘The cami tied around my neck and scooped in the back, with some ruffly parts down the middle of the back (not overblown ruffles, just gathered fabric).’
    pleat, shirr, pucker, tuck, fold, corrugate, ruffle, crimp, crease, scrunch up
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noun

  • A part of a garment that is gathered.

    • ‘For evening, the collection is a procession of gathers, plunging necklines and backs, irregular lines.’
    • ‘The garments would have soft volume with gathers, frills, layers and plenty of patterns, reads the forecast.’
    • ‘It ripples and furrows, drips in long trails, gathers in gritty, crusty patches.’
    • ‘This can be accomplished at side seams, the center back seam, gathers, pleats, darts or a combination of the above.’
    • ‘This is how pattern drafters take a bust dart from the basic design and move it to the shoulder, then replace it with gathers rather than a dart.’
    • ‘The prismatic oil-stick scrawls are applied in intricate gathers, loose skeins and impenetrable tangles.’
    • ‘Buy a runner that is approximately 1 1/2 times the width of your window; the extra width will allow for soft, gentle gathers.’
    • ‘In their Seam Displacement series, by applying an extraordinary cutting and tailoring technique, students were able to displace seams, pleats and gathers for a new look.’
    • ‘The soleplate comes to a point, making it easy to iron button bands and gathers.’
    • ‘Small tucks or soft gathers can accomplish the same thing.’
    • ‘Ruffles, lace, pin tucks, gathers, folkloric embroidery or lettuce leaf edging are the perfect accent to more classic silhouettes or a pair of well-worn jeans.’
    • ‘Pear shaped women tend to have bigger bottoms so choose garments that have easing at the waistline with soft pleats and gathers.’
    • ‘This full-length jersey has a double shoulder/yoke with full-cut sleeves and underarm gusset, plus elastic ribbed gathers on edges of sleeves.’

Phrases

  • gather way

    • (of a ship) begin to move.

      ‘slowly the two tugs gathered way’
      • ‘It bellied in the wind, and the dark wave hissed loud at the keel, as she gathered way over the water.’
      • ‘The moment the engine is speeded up the clutch comes in, backward movement is checked and the car gathers way up the hill.’
      • ‘The boat slows, stops, and if the lever isn't pushed into neutral, she'll gather way astern.’
      • ‘The U-boat then gathered way and disappeared into the darkness.’
      • ‘Then with a casual twist she pirouetted and now bows-on to the scene of impending carnage, quietly, almost innocently, began to gather way once more.’
      • ‘Gradually the two battleships gathered way and proceeded to head down the river abreast of each other.’
      • ‘Shortly afterwards she began to move down the bank, bumped, gathered way and then bumped very heavily.’
      • ‘She gathered way quickly, went about like clockwork and stopped when the need arose as if she had power braking.’
      • ‘At one time just before she commenced to gather way and draw off we were no more than a hundred yards from that towering cliff of ice which it looked as if our yardarms were going to touch.’
      • ‘If the Alps were strongly manned, the movement for independence would gather way and the Gallic provinces decide the limits of their dominion at will.’

Origin

Old English gaderian, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch gaderen, also to together.

Pronunciation:

gather

/ˈɡaðə/