Definition of garrison in English:



  • 1A group of troops stationed in a fortress or town to defend it.

    ‘the entire garrison was mustered on the parade ground’
    • ‘A narrow stretch of water was all that separated the Japanese invaders and the 14,000 British, Indian, and Canadian garrison troops left to defend the Crown Colony.’
    • ‘He only had a small garrison defending London at this time.’
    • ‘In what towns are the largest garrisons stationed?’
    • ‘The additional garrisons, Filipino troops, and effective use of the Navy all were important to expanding the reach of American military power.’
    • ‘The governor of the garrison was suspected of being a Jacobite traitor; an allegation he vehemently denied.’
    • ‘The entire garrison would turn out for the Retreat ceremony.’
    • ‘A small garrison of British troops would remain.’
    • ‘It has reinforced its garrison of 35,000 troops.’
    • ‘On the spur of the moment they decided to capture the Rock which was then badly defended by a small garrison of sixty Spanish soldiers.’
    • ‘The garrison troops manning the regional bases of operation will facilitate local stability, maintain the lines of communication, and provide logistical support.’
    • ‘If that was the case, then why didn't she go to the garrison posted in this town?’
    • ‘By 0400 hours, the last shots were fired against the garrison and our regiments had withdrawn behind Shiyane Hill.’
    • ‘With Hadrian we see the first steps toward a system of frontier garrison troops, permanently stationed, along with a field army that gets moved from one hot spot to another.’
    • ‘The garrisons - native troops commanded by British officers - held out and were relieved after a week of day and night assaults.’
    • ‘Key army officers visited army garrisons to convince commanders to join the uprising.’
    • ‘As a result, large garrisons, powerful artillery batteries, airfields and fortified areas appeared on the extreme northern and southern islands: Kunashir, Shikotan and Iturup.’
    • ‘The delay enabled the Japanese garrison of 19,000 troops to construct the most formidable beach defences, a way through which had to be cleared by underwater demolition teams.’
    • ‘The scene of heavy fighting during World War I between Ottoman troops and the British garrisons in Aden, it became independent in 1918.’
    • ‘Specifically, there is evidence that the garrisons of the forts stationed north of Hadrian's Wall were withdrawn, and that thereafter a permanent Roman military presence north of the Wall did not figure in Roman strategic planning.’
    • ‘For the officers of the tiny garrison stationed at Camp Sheridan, the situation was akin to sitting on a powder keg.’
    armed force, force, military detachment, military unit, unit, platoon, brigade, regiment, squadron, battalion, company, legion, corps
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    1. 1.1 The building occupied by a garrison.
      ‘forces from these garrisons have been used against governments’
      • ‘After the conquest, the fort was probably reused as a garrison for Roman troops.’
      • ‘Three parts of the building's walls have been unearthed during excavations at the garrison, giving archaeologists enough information to map out the route of the 940-metre circuit.’
      • ‘They deliberately point pursuers toward nearby posts and garrisons of other federal troops.’
      • ‘As he approaches the British garrison, troops rush out to greet him.’
      • ‘When you consider we're building 3,000 homes at the garrison, you start to realise it makes very good economical sense.’
      • ‘It may have originally been a privately owned fishing house, later used as a garrison for troops guarding the city.’
      • ‘Therefore, I chose the second course of action to stay and defend the garrison.’
      • ‘Barracks, garrisons, bivouacs and encampments thus far spared came under a blitz of laser-guided bombs first used in the Gulf War.’
      • ‘Sensing an impending emergency, he went to his headquarters on Merdeka Square, just beside the Jakarta garrison.’
      fortress, fort, fortification, stronghold, blockhouse, citadel, camp, encampment, cantonment, command post, base, station
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[with object]
  • 1Provide (a place) with a group of troops.

    ‘air reconnaissance showed the Germans had not garrisoned the island’
    • ‘He points out that the town was garrisoned by two Basque battalions, and that it was a critical road junction for the twenty-three battalions holding the defensive line east of Bilbao, crucial to their successful retreat.’
    • ‘It was mainly garrisoned by British troops, who dug more tunnels here to add to the mediaeval ones which already existed there.’
    • ‘If he garrisons the cities, how should the attack be made?’
    • ‘But these formations never contained even half the total strength available because many troops garrisoned strategic points or guarded important railroads.’
    • ‘But the Crusaders were too few to garrison fortresses and hold ground in the great sea of opposition that now confronted them.’
    • ‘In particular the traditional roles of the British army of garrisoning the empire and fighting in Europe were ceasing to be relevant.’
    • ‘The plans included garrisoning every town with weapons and food stocks and decentralizing control to trusted commanders.’
    • ‘During the war, it was used first to garrison Union troops and then to imprison up to 2,000 Confederate soldiers.’
    • ‘A more lightly manned and shorter linear barrier could, potentially, release troops to garrison a more extensive territory such as the Lowlands of Scotland by a looser disposition of forts.’
    • ‘In 1836 the British Legion helped raise the siege of San Sebastián, and regular Royal Marines arrived to garrison a nearby port.’
    • ‘Henry agreed to garrison the towns only until 20 May, but told him to commit nothing to paper.’
    • ‘But even if we were to garrison every town and village in the country, we could neither control nor stop this process.’
    • ‘During this period the island was strongly garrisoned by regular troops, and the governor was nominated by the Crown.’
    • ‘There they garrisoned the ancient fortress of Eilean Donan but were scattered by the energetic response of the local Hanoverian commander at the battle of Glen Shiel.’
    • ‘It was this battle that caused the Kavanagh's to be treated so severally and had garrisoned the surrounding area so strongly and eventually led to the building of the chapel at Knockafaw as they could not build in the village.’
    • ‘They were also allowed to garrison eight places and were given special places in all the parlements (known as chambres-mi-parties) where cases arose which involved Protestants.’
    • ‘The island was garrisoned by 22,000 soldiers and fortified with a network of underground bunkers.’
    • ‘The soldiers tried there best to garrison the town with what they had and readied themselves for the onslaught.’
    • ‘The Foreign Office held that garrisoning the islands would be too provocative.’
    • ‘His collaborators were left with no force to rely on but a few hundred French troops garrisoning strong points.’
    defend, guard, protect, preserve, fortify, barricade, shield, secure
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    1. 1.1with object and adverbial of place Station (troops) in a particular place.
      ‘French troops were garrisoned at Phillipsburg’
      • ‘However, the Irish did not simply escape paying taxes at the same level as in Britain, for army regiments were garrisoned in Ireland.’
      • ‘The 26th Cavalry was garrisoned at Fort Stotsenburg, adjacent to Clarke Field, 75 miles northeast of Manila.’
      • ‘At the time the regiment was garrisoned in Ceylon we know that at least two Athy men were in the regiment's ranks.’
      • ‘France garrisons a regiment of the Foreign Legion in Mayotte, as well as a naval detachment.’
      • ‘Former members of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment Jack, 85, and 87-year-old Donald were garrisoned in Iceland and struck up a friendship that has lasted a lifetime.’
      • ‘The regiment, currently based at York Barracks in Munster, Germany, was garrisoned in York in the 1700s.’
      • ‘Though France was a civilian democracy, military life was pervasive: regiments were garrisoned across the country, and 150 new barracks were built to house them.’
      • ‘Last month, a brigade with two battalions garrisoned along Haifa Street became the first homegrown unit to take operational responsibility for any combat zone.’
      • ‘He was 13 when the Civil War broke out, and at 16 joined a regiment garrisoned at Newport Pagnell.’
      • ‘Sasr personnel talk with locals in Ar Ramadi after the surrender of the forces garrisoned in the area.’
      • ‘More than 65,000 Puerto Ricans served in the U.S. armed forces during the war, most of them as soldiers garrisoning U.S. bases in the Caribbean.’
      • ‘England had garrisoned troops in Dublin, and shortly after Matt was born in 1856, soldiers began returning from the Crimean War.’
      station, post, put on duty, assign, billet, deploy, install
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Middle English (in the sense ‘safety, means of protection’): from Old French garison, from garir ‘defend, provide’, of Germanic origin.