Definition of galliot in English:

galliot

(also galiot)

noun

historical
  • 1A single-masted Dutch cargo boat or fishing vessel.

    • ‘These small galliots 15 to 20 m in length served largely for transporting merchandise along the coast.’
    • ‘Clumsy as were their galliots, they were among the first to brave the mysterious terrors of unknown seas and oceans.’
    • ‘With the help of Spanish merchants, the galiot had developed from galley-type vessels which were modified and adapted to suit the Dutch tidelands: The body plan of the Furttenbach galley of 1571 exhibits a relatively flat bottom throughout some two thirds of its length, making it highly suitable for the conditions of the Zuidersee mud-flats.’
    • ‘This continued its course west, directly parallel to the island, and in it, at a distance of half a mile from us, three galliots lay at anchor.’
    • ‘Down-stream slowly drifted a long string of galiots piled with crimson cheeses.’
    1. 1.1A small, fast galley used in the Mediterranean.
      • ‘He therefore sent Dom Gonçalo da Silveyra with 200 veteran Portuguese soldiers on six galliots with a convoy of merchant vessels from Muscat to Bassorah in January 1624.’
      • ‘The Turks numbered some 274 galleys and galliots with altogether 88,000 men.’
      • ‘Because the crews of their twin galliots were comprised of free men, including oarsmen, rather than slaves, there was a concomitant need for more rest and relaxation.’
      • ‘The Algerian Admiral Ochiali outmanoeuvring the Genoese Admiral Doria, swept in from seaward with his fleet of sixty galleys and thirty galliots.’
      • ‘Fleet B consisted of around 216 galleys, 56 galliots, and other smaller vessels.’
      • ‘As news of the siege filtered through to the Portuguese administration in Goa late in 1696, a fleet consisting of two frigates and two galliots was sent to the relief of Fort Jesus.’
      • ‘September 1759: A small Prussian flotilla of four galiots, four galleys, and four barques is totally destroyed by a larger Swedish fleet.’
      • ‘Military officers were in charge of the battle and commanded both soldiers and gunmen - ‘bombardieri’, and sopracomito, while officers ran the boat with sailors and rowers - galliots.’
      • ‘Known for their speed and sailing ability, galiots could easily make the 80 km trip to or from Saldanha to the Cape in a day's sailing, although records indicate that most skippers chose to break the voyage by overnighting on Dassen Island.’
      • ‘From here Nelson would have seen a great variety of coasting vessels - galliots, busses, hoys, brigantines, sloops, wherries, bilanders, luggers, cutters, snows - carrying a flow of goods.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French galiote or Dutch galjoot, from a diminutive of medieval Latin galea galley.

Pronunciation:

galliot

/ˈɡalɪət/