Definition of galangal in English:

galangal

(also galingale)

noun

mass noun
  • An Asian plant of the ginger family, the aromatic rhizome of which is widely used in cooking and herbal medicine.

    Genera Alpinia and Kaempferia, family Zingiberaceae

    • ‘The chicken is marinated with turmeric, ginger, galangal and chili.’
    • ‘A typical paste will contain lots of chiles, garlic, shallots, lemongrass, galangal, shrimp paste, black pepper, and sea salt.’
    • ‘Ginger and galangal are both rhizomatous plants which grow easily in warm, frost-free areas.’
    • ‘Coconut, ginger, galangal, red pepper, sesame, tamarind, peanuts, basil and tea leaves - in addition to staples like homemade noodles and white rice - appear frequently in Myanmar's cuisine.’
    • ‘In a food processor, purée the lemongrass, garlic, turmeric, galangal, ginger, candlenuts, onion, chilies, and blachan.’

Origin

Middle English galingale, via Old French from Arabic ḵalanjān, perhaps from Chinese gāoliángjiāng, from gāoliáng (the name of a district in Guangdong Province, China) + jiāng ‘ginger’.

Pronunciation

galangal

/ˈɡal(ə)ŋɡal/