Definition of galangal in English:


(also galingale)


  • [mass noun] An Asian plant of the ginger family, the aromatic rhizome of which is widely used in cooking and herbal medicine.

    • ‘Coconut, ginger, galangal, red pepper, sesame, tamarind, peanuts, basil and tea leaves - in addition to staples like homemade noodles and white rice - appear frequently in Myanmar's cuisine.’
    • ‘In a food processor, purée the lemongrass, garlic, turmeric, galangal, ginger, candlenuts, onion, chilies, and blachan.’
    • ‘The chicken is marinated with turmeric, ginger, galangal and chili.’
    • ‘Ginger and galangal are both rhizomatous plants which grow easily in warm, frost-free areas.’
    • ‘A typical paste will contain lots of chiles, garlic, shallots, lemongrass, galangal, shrimp paste, black pepper, and sea salt.’


Middle English galingale, via Old French from Arabic ḵalanjān, perhaps from Chinese gāoliángjiāng, from gāoliáng (the name of a district in Guangdong Province, China) + jiāng ginger.