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[mass noun] A sugar of the hexose class which is a constituent of lactose and many polysaccharides.
- ‘The enzyme lactase breaks down the lactose to galactose and glucose.’
- ‘Its molecule is split in fermentation or digestion to yield the simple monosaccharide sugars dextrose and galactose.’
- ‘The sugars glucose, galactose, and fructose all have six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms.’
- ‘The enzyme splits and hydrolyzes dietary lactose into glucose and galactose for transport across the cell membrane.’
- ‘The main symptom of this disease, which is treatable by the complete removal of lactose and galactose from the diet, is early onset cataracts.’
Mid 19th century: from Greek gala, galaktos milk + -ose.
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