Definition of Gaia hypothesis in English:

Gaia hypothesis


  • The theory, put forward by James Lovelock, that living matter on the earth collectively defines and regulates the material conditions necessary for the continuance of life. The planet, or rather the biosphere, is thus likened to a vast self-regulating organism.

    • ‘James Lovelock, the originator of the Gaia hypothesis, which regards the earth as a single, living organism, has started flatly that ‘nuclear power is the only green solution’.’
    • ‘His most famous idea is the Gaia hypothesis, which holds that living organisms and non-life together form a coupled system in which life creates conditions that favour it.’
    • ‘James Lovelock, arch-environmentalist and author of the Gaia hypothesis, says that nuclear power is the only green solution to the problem of global warming.’
    • ‘It explains how to understand power laws, the Gaia hypothesis, and ‘self-organized criticality’ without devolving into reification, teleological argument, appeals to the mystical, or other intellectual shortcuts.’
    • ‘What follows is a tour of the Gaia hypothesis.’
    • ‘The Gaia hypothesis states that the temperature and composition of the Earth's surface are actively controlled by life on the planet.’
    • ‘Some very smart people handle it by accepting the nearly mystical Gaia hypothesis that Earth is best thought of as a single organism that ‘lives’ in the environment of our solar system.’
    • ‘This outlook is rooted in the Gaia hypothesis - that the world is best seen as a single organism, of which we are just part.’
    • ‘Well, the Gaia hypothesis is perhaps a nice model for encapsulating all of those very complex feedback processes that the biological modellers and the oceanographic modellers like to think about.’
    • ‘The Gaia hypothesis has both scientific and philosophical components.’
    • ‘I do not suggest that we all, or even some of us, subscribe to a belief in the Gaia hypothesis (about whose ramifications I am indeed quite ignorant).’
    • ‘The anthropomorphic dimension of the Gaia hypothesis proposes empathy as a way of knowing - and caring…’
    • ‘Two years later I started collaborating with the American biologist Lynn Margulis on what we called the Gaia hypothesis.’
    • ‘Most evolutionary biologists reject the Gaia hypothesis as an unscientific, although poetic, metaphor.’
    • ‘While I admire the selfless and caring aspects of the Gaia hypothesis I am concerned about some of its larger implications.’
    • ‘The Gaia hypothesis draws on this concept but incorporates modern scientific disciplines such as microbiology, geology, and atmospheric chemistry.’
    • ‘The apparent indispensability of certain gases that are peculiar to Earth led protagonists of the Gaia hypothesis to ask: ‘What purpose does constituent X serve in the atmosphere?’’
    • ‘Dr Lynn Margulis, who developed the Gaia hypothesis with James Lovelock and who is probably the premier biologist in the world, came up with the endosymbiotic theory of evolution.’
    • ‘The Gaia hypothesis is the backdrop to Gray's apparently relentless pessimism about the fate of humankind.’
    • ‘The Gaia hypothesis could be expanded and enriched by an awareness of the Logos.’