Definition of Gaelic in English:

Gaelic

Pronunciation: /ˈɡalɪk//ˈɡeɪlɪk/

adjective

  • Relating to the Goidelic group of Celtic languages, particularly Scottish Gaelic, and the speakers of these languages and their culture.

    • ‘She is involved with primary and tertiary education and the preservation of Gaelic culture and language.’
    • ‘It would give the event high profile, and we are always endeavouring to engage the Gaelic community and culture in any advances we are making.’
    • ‘There have been some quibbles with the method, but there are links to other Gaelic sites here.’
    • ‘He suggests that the immigrant was critically burdened by a Gaelic culture, which had been dislocated from its homeland and stranded in an alien environment.’
    • ‘The last ferocious attack on the Gaelic language was in the application of the 1872 Education Act, which was intolerant of all but English.’
    • ‘There's also a need to protect Gaelic language and culture.’
    • ‘The theatre network is expanding, the professional traditional music scene has gone ballistic, there's a real confidence, and that's before you begin to talk about the Gaelic culture.’
    • ‘This would amount to about three hours per day, with repeats and English language programmes of interest to Gaelic speakers on top of that.’
    • ‘The old building was highly praised by Gaelic lobbyists for the fact that the signs were in the two languages, and that the Gaelic language was clear on all of them.’
    • ‘These people eventually became completely Celticised sharing a common culture and a common Gaelic language.’
    • ‘The awards are to recognise those clubs that ‘are doing so much to promote Gaelic games and culture and carrying out tremendous work for the youth of our country’.’
    • ‘From this background, it is not difficult to speculate about the extent of her contact with Irish or Scottish fishermen, possibly even Gaelic speakers.’
    • ‘The rhythm, harmony and melody of the music are drawn from the sounds of nature, mixed with the cadence of the Gaelic language.’
    • ‘People with Scottish connections have a huge interest in Gaelic culture and language.’
    • ‘As the boy aged, the stories turned into lessons about both Irish culture and the beautiful Gaelic language.’
    • ‘Its ancient Gaelic language is struggling to survive, despite subsidy and encouragement, on the geographic fringes to which it was relegated.’
    • ‘What the island lacked in the ways of material comfort was amply made up by the richness of its Gaelic culture and its community spirit.’
    • ‘My mother, a Gaelic speaker, came from the area and used to sing me songs about the castle.’
    • ‘O'Curry's two Irish lecture series amount to an authoritative interpretation of Gaelic society and culture.’
    • ‘This book will celebrate contemporary Gaelic culture in both countries and the process of producing it will renew an old relationship.’

noun

  • 1[mass noun] A Celtic language spoken mainly in the highlands and islands of western Scotland. It was brought from Ireland in the 5th and 6th centuries ad and is now spoken by about 58,000 people.

    • ‘The bill will not establish Gaelic as an official language throughout Scotland.’
    • ‘In Scotland, Gaelic also has official status, but on a much more limited scale.’
    • ‘Irish Gaelic is a Celtic language closely related to Scottish Gaelic.’
    • ‘Economically, it has been depressed and the local language, Gaelic, has virtually disappeared.’
    • ‘In the framework of a number of European project initiatives it has been possible to investigate the development of Scottish Gaelic in local detail for the past 125 years.’
    • ‘Highland games are common, Gaelic is widely spoken in Nova Scotia, and Winnipeg has 25 Scottish societies.’
    • ‘They specialise in Scottish Gaelic, although the method is applicable to any language.’
    • ‘Resurgence of interest in Scottish Gaelic in the 1990s has been given a boost by the establishing of Scotland's own Parliament, for the first time in 300 years.’
    • ‘There was little use speaking Gaelic in England, Scotland or America.’
    • ‘In that culture, there's also another language, Gaelic, which my ancestors spoke.’
    • ‘Gaelic is a Celtic language that probably was introduced by Celts in the last few centuries B.C.E. Similar to Scottish Gaelic, it shares common structures with Welsh and Breton.’
    • ‘Thereafter though Scotland was immersed in a Babel of languages, including Gaelic, Welsh, Anglo - Saxon, Old Norse and Old French.’
    • ‘Now I found some interesting comments, as I looked through newspaper articles and so on, on all that's been happening just over the last few months in Scotland about Gaelic.’
    • ‘Only three people out of almost 50 in the room speak Gaelic as their first language.’
    • ‘By the 11th century Scots Gaelic was used throughout Scotland, except for the Hebrides and the Northern Isles which remained under Norse control.’
    • ‘First of all, he effected a reorientation of attitudes to the country's two indigenous languages, the Scots Gaelic of the Highlands and Islands and the vernacular Scots of the Borders and Lowlands.’
    • ‘The latest census figures suggest fewer than 60,000 Scots speak Gaelic, compared to more than 250,000 over a century ago.’
    • ‘What the Pacific scheme would aim to do would be bring forward a generation with Gaelic as its first language.’
    • ‘It gives something, an artform, to people which they would never access except in Scotland and in Gaelic.’
    • ‘The language spoken was not Gaelic as we now know it, but a form of Celtic spoken by the Welsh, Cornish and Breton people.’
    1. 1.1
      another term for Irish (the language)
      • ‘He was educated at Christian Brother's Schools in Dublin and took Gaelic, English, Latin and maths as his honour subjects in his final year.’
      • ‘Learners of Gaelic are often plagued by the traditional rules of grammar.’
      • ‘For many performers it was a statement of identity, allied to a desire for constitutional change and the need to maintain languages such as Welsh, Gaelic, Breton and Erse, threatened with extinction.’
      • ‘As I climbed, I caught some words that he was muttering, but they were old Gaelic and I didn't understand.’
      • ‘Its distinctive features come from Norse, Gaelic and French.’
      • ‘The actors, including the children, had to be Gaelic speakers - each scene was filmed twice: in both English and Gaelic.’
      • ‘She was doing her best at translating the Gaelic in the letter the Cardinal had given her, and although she could tell most of the words, the sentences were nothing but nonsense.’
      • ‘The website has more information on it in English than in Gaelic, for example.’
      • ‘Many Gaelic speakers died in the Great Famine of the 1840s, and Gaelic was replaced by English, which was needed to achieve social mobility.’
      • ‘We then transcribed the recording in English and Gaelic.’
      • ‘Either of these would be a good exchange for any book tokens you may have lying around, and the latter has a very useful checklist of Scotland's native flora, with names listed in Latin, English, Gaelic and Scots.’
      • ‘As the hours slowly passed, he rocked back and forth, muttering prayers first in Latin, then in Gaelic, then in English.’
      • ‘They have what we can call ‘communicative competence’ even though their grammatical competence in Gaelic is weak.’
      • ‘The Irish Pastoral Center offers classes in Irish dance and in Gaelic.’
      • ‘However, unlike English and Gaelic, Scots words are frequently spelt in a variety of ways, leading to problems in drawing up a recognised system.’
      • ‘Both English and Gaelic are taught in primary school (called National School).’
      • ‘For every student sitting key exams who was fluent in the language in 1999, there are now two speakers of Gaelic.’
      • ‘I could not understand what they were saying because it was all in Gaelic.’
      • ‘The move is controversial, because wholesale borrowings of English words into Gaelic have been seen as a sign of weakness in the Celtic language.’
      • ‘The room was mixed with conversations in Gaelic, Roman, Galic, and Frankish.’

Pronunciation:

Gaelic

/ˈɡalɪk//ˈɡeɪlɪk/