Definition of further in English:

further

  • used as comparative of far

adverb

  • 1At, to, or by a greater distance (used to indicate the extent to which one thing or person is or becomes distant from another)

    ‘for some time I had wanted to move further from London’
    figurative ‘the EU seems to have moved further away from the original aims’
    at a greater distance, more distant, farther
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    1. 1.1with negative Used to emphasize the difference between a supposed or suggested fact or state of mind and the truth.
      ‘as for her being a liar, nothing could be further from the truth’
      ‘nothing could be further from his mind than marrying’
      more unlike, less like
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  • 2Over a greater expanse of space or time; for a longer way.

    ‘we had walked further than I realized’
    figurative ‘wages have been driven down even further’
    1. 2.1 Beyond the point already reached or the distance already covered.
      ‘Amelie decided to drive further up the coast’
      ‘before going any further we need to define our terms’
    2. 2.2 Beyond or in addition to what has already been done.
      ‘this theme will be developed further in Chapter 6’
    3. 2.3sentence adverb Used to introduce a new point relating to or reinforcing a previous statement.
      ‘On the Internet, the size and scope of the market is several orders of magnitude higher. Further, it is available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week’
      furthermore, moreover, what's more, also, additionally, in addition, besides, as well, too, to boot, on top of that, over and above that, into the bargain, by the same token
      View synonyms
    4. 2.4 At or to a more advanced, successful, or desirable stage.
      ‘determination could not get her any further’
      ‘at the end of three years they were no further on’

adjective

  • 1More distant in space than another item of the same kind.

    ‘two men were standing at the further end of the clearing’
    more distant, more remote, remoter, more advanced, more extreme, further away, further off, farther
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    1. 1.1 More remote from a central point.
      ‘the museum is in the further reaches of the town’
      remote, distant, far away, far off, far removed
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  • 2Additional to what already exists or has already taken place, been done, or been accounted for.

    ‘cook for a further ten minutes’
    additionally, more, to a greater extent
    additional, more, extra, supplementary, supplemental, other
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Help the progress or development of (something); promote.

    ‘he had depended on using them to further his own career’
    • ‘Western militarization furthers this objectification of women as gratification available for cheap purchase.’
    • ‘All going to plan, this will expose each band to new ears, furthering their own audience development.’
    • ‘Both boxers enjoyed the trip and are looking forward to furthering their horizons later in the season.’
    • ‘But to imply that this is some kind of permanent or natural state for gay men just furthers the stereotypes and misinformation about us.’
    • ‘The Texas statute furthers no legitimate state interest which can justify its intrusion into the personal and private life of the individual.’
    • ‘More importantly he's furthering his art-form by developing full hour shows.’
    • ‘But the effect of predestination may be furthered by their prayers, and by other good works also.’
    • ‘The courts will most likely defer to the military on the issue of whether this policy furthers a compelling government interest.’
    • ‘Yet both groups claim to be furthering the interests of the child in promoting their preferred form of custody.’
    • ‘The opulent color of many of the works furthers their impact and feels like a recent development, even though his palette has been steadily intensifying over the last few years.’
    • ‘He furthered my quest to slowly and deliberately develop my musical and even my personal identity.’
    • ‘He would do well to distinguish between violence which furthers the cause of human freedom, and this repellent violence which kills thousands of workers in the name of fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Non-Americans, however, misunderstand the true source of our ignorance about them, which only furthers our mutual estrangement.’
    • ‘He saw it as the next step in the future of the town and a natural step forward in furthering the aims and objectives of the Development Association.’
    • ‘What does it matter so long as he furthers the agenda?’
    • ‘It just furthers the urban trend of economic apartheid.’
    • ‘Ignoring the existence of these students and their educational needs only furthers the ignorance that this take on sex education fosters.’
    • ‘Part II, also comprising two chapters, furthers this assessment in terms of recent developments in modern social theory.’
    • ‘We should integrate literacy into play only if it furthers a play theme in progress, and we should avoid literacy props that may distract children from make-believe.’
    • ‘It requires the youngsters to be away from home for a fortnight and furthers their academic education or gives them a chance to get a taster of subjects like archaeology not taught in school.’
    promote, advance, forward, develop, stimulate
    View synonyms

Usage

Is there any difference between further and farther in she moved further down the train and she moved farther down the train? Both words share the same roots: in the sentences given above, where the sense is ‘at, to, or by a greater distance’, there is no difference in meaning, and both are equally correct. Further is a much commoner word, though, and is in addition used in various abstract and metaphorical contexts, for example referring to time, in which farther is unusual, e.g. without further delay; have you anything further to say?; we intend to stay a further two weeks. The same distinction is made between farthest and furthest: the farthest point from the sun versus this first team has gone furthest in its analysis

Phrases

  • further to your (or our) ——

    • formal Used at the beginning of a letter or in speech as a way of raising a matter discussed in an earlier letter, article, or conversation.

      ‘further to our letter of 12th October, we confirm that our client will give full vacant possession on completion’
      • ‘We write further to our correspondence in this matter.’
      • ‘I write further to your correspondence dated 13 th January 2003 concerning the Local Plan Proposed Modifications as they relate to Old Sarum Airfield.’
      • ‘I write with regard to the above and further to our conversation today and I note that you have carried out the following minor works.’
      • ‘We write further to our correspondences to yourself regarding the submission of your list of authorities.’
      • ‘I write further to your solicitor's request for a review of this Authority's decision that you became intentionally homeless.’
      • ‘I write further to your memorandum dated 18 October 2004, in which you raised several concerns relating to our proposed changes.’
      • ‘I write further to your recent telephone conversation with one of my colleagues.’
      • ‘I am writing further to our extended telephone conversation yesterday.’
      • ‘I'm writing further to our conversation some time ago and may I firstly apologize most sincerely for the delay to this reply.’
      • ‘Here is something that we clipped as information only, further to our article on hedge funds.’
  • not go any further

    • (of a secret) not be told to anyone else.

      ‘I feel I can talk to you knowing that whatever I say won't go any further’
  • until further notice

    • Used to indicate that a situation will not change until another announcement is made.

      ‘the museum is closed to the public until further notice’
      • ‘The latest wave of detainees arriving Friday at Guantanamo Bay will also be the last group until further notice.’
      • ‘Members of the public are requested not to visit the site until further notice, when major work has been carried out.’
      • ‘After the fire, the office has temporarily suspended services to the public until further notice.’
      • ‘In an effort to control the spread of the bug all non-emergency surgery at the hospital has been cancelled until further notice.’
      • ‘However the council stressed this week that the precautionary boil water notice will continue until further notice.’
      • ‘But the gates to the alley have now been shut with a notice informing people it will be closed until further notice.’
      • ‘There will be no intake of new members until further notice.’
      • ‘All footpaths and bridleways in the East Riding that cross agricultural land have also been closed to the public until further notice.’
      • ‘Soccer training continues every Tuesday and Thursday at 8pm until further notice.’
      • ‘A bonus of $5 will be paid for the best written local story each week, until further notice.’
  • until further orders

    • Used to indicate that a situation is only to change when another command is received.

      ‘they were to be kept in prison until further orders’
      • ‘‘Any fighter who is unable to join his unit for any reason, must join another available unit, until further orders,’ the president said in a message read by a presenter.’
      • ‘When the respondents' works manager became aware of the condition of things in the vicinity of the wharf, he instructed their workmen that no welding or burning was to be carried on until further orders.’
      • ‘The Supreme Court on Friday restrained the Centre from granting any fresh approval for field trials of genetically modified organisms in the country until further orders.’
      • ‘They will wait at this staging area until further orders, and are to be accompanied by the First SAS division.’
      • ‘The following transfers of Sr.Tax Assistant are hereby ordered with immediate effect until further orders.’
      • ‘To further compound the issue, the government by its order dated May 2, 2005 has ordered not to grant permission for conversation of agricultural land in and around Bangalore until further orders.’
      • ‘In other words, the amount of child support determined by the 1997 order would remain in effect until further orders of the trial court.’
      • ‘General Johnston requests that you slow your men until further orders.’
      • ‘Commissioners for recording evidence should normally be appointed to the panel for a period of six years or until further orders, whichever may be earlier.’
      • ‘You are confined to sick berth until further orders.’

Origin

Old English furthor (adverb), furthra (adjective), fyrthrian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to forth.

Pronunciation

further

/ˈfəːðə/