Definition of fundamentalism in English:



mass noun
  • 1A form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.

    ‘there was religious pluralism there at a time when the rest of Europe was torn by fundamentalism’
    • ‘For that matter, which networks air programs on the virtues of Christian fundamentalism?’
    • ‘Religious revivalism sometimes took the form of extreme literalism, often termed fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Christian fundamentalism is not an aspect of Ashcroft's politics, it is the entire basis.’
    • ‘It seems the approach Webster took to telling the messages of the Bible was one of basic fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Twentieth-century fundamentalism has acted as a drag on secularizing tendencies.’
    • ‘Then, for some reason, the subject changed to fundamentalism and the US Bible belt.’
    • ‘This bill is important, because so many times we hear speeches in this House based on moral outrage and fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Neither does it have any problem with Christian fundamentalism.’
    • ‘It is also ironic some sections of Protestant fundamentalism criticise the Catholic Church for having a pope.’
    • ‘I think there is no school of Christian fundamentalism that remotely approximates to this level of dominance, or even aspires to it.’
    • ‘The main selling point for fundamentalism's Bible prophecies is to get insight into what is coming soon.’
    • ‘The values of capitalist America, and a good dose of Christian fundamentalism, pervade every aspect of school and town.’
    fanaticism, radicalism, zealotry, zeal, dogmatism, bigotry, militancy, activism
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Strict adherence to the basic principles of any subject or discipline.
      ‘free-market fundamentalism’
      • ‘Cricket has constructed national imaginations that undermine religious fundamentalisms.’
      • ‘So we have on the one hand, as it were, fundamentalisms, if I can just paint a black-and-white picture for a moment, and we have on the other hand a kind of mindless relativism in which values evaporate.’
      • ‘Such dualism, which in effect consigns the Other to perdition, is in modernity often a characteristic of fundamentalisms, whether Jewish, Christian, or Islamic.’
      • ‘Halliday is a harsh critic of Islamic and other religious fundamentalisms and, although he is much less detailed about this, right wing and racist forces in the West.’
      • ‘This conception of ‘science’ is just as blindly dogmatic as the religious fundamentalisms against which its adherents would have us believe they are fighting.’
      • ‘I mean this combination between three fundamentalisms, the security fundamentalism, religion fundamentalism, and market fundamentalism, and three of them are over-represented in the White House nowadays.’
      • ‘Reasons for separating religion from government are provided and the dangers of fundamentalisms of all kinds are exposed.’
      • ‘Similarly, some religious fundamentalisms classify all non-believers (generally an ascribed rather than an achieved status) as devilish.’
      • ‘In Iraq, the two unforgiving eye-for-an-eye fundamentalisms - American and Islamic, informed by the doctrine of blood sacrifice - confront one another in an arena of escalating violence.’
      • ‘Islamic fundamentalism compared to other fundamentalisms - Christian and Orthodox Jewish shows that they all aspire to return women to the status they are said to have occupied in certain ancient nomadic Middle Eastern tribes.’
      • ‘It is alive and well and thriving just about everywhere: there are religious, market, political, nationalistic, and ecological fundamentalisms.’
      • ‘You can have religious fundamentalism certainly, but you can also have ethnic fundamentalism, or nationalist fundamentalisms of the sort we've seen in Bosnia and elsewhere.’
      • ‘Qua religions, all fundamentalisms are for them the same so that a passionate political stance is necessarily dogmatic, intolerant, irrationalist, prone to violence, anti-democratic.’
      • ‘There were also more nationalisms based on religious fundamentalisms that restricted women's roles as part of their doctrine.’
      • ‘What importance might be attached to his views in general, as well as for science, in our present international clash of ideologies and fundamentalisms?’
      • ‘We see this both in the North and in the South, from ‘multiculturalism’ in the US and its emerging equivalents in Western Europe to the quite non-traditionalist religious fundamentalisms across the world.’
      • ‘For example, Marty is known for defining and explaining fundamentalisms in various religions. he also comments frequently on the relations between religion and culture.’
      • ‘Does this suggest any sort of parallel to the rise of religious fundamentalisms in Islam and Judaism?’
      • ‘One reactionary response, seen in most major religions, has been to turn back in time to once-prevalent orthodoxies or fundamentalisms.’
      • ‘By recognizing each other's narrative, Jews, Christians, and Muslims prevent the discourse of their respective fundamentalisms from becoming instruments of foreign policy, as is presently the case.’

Modern Christian fundamentalism arose from American millenarian sects of the 19th century, and has become associated with reaction against social and political liberalism and rejection of the theory of evolution. Islamic fundamentalism appeared in the 18th and 19th centuries as a reaction to the disintegration of Islamic political and economic power, asserting that Islam is central to both state and society and advocating strict adherence to the Koran (Qur'an) and to Islamic law (sharia)