Definition of fund in English:

fund

noun

  • 1A sum of money saved or made available for a particular purpose.

    ‘he had set up a fund to coordinate economic investment’
    • ‘Some student unions make small funds available in grant form, so ring the resident welfare officer to apply.’
    • ‘Don't forget to check with your local authority to see if there are discretionary funds available to assist with the costs of any extra childcare help you may need.’
    • ‘In tandem with a pension fund, we could have a wealth fund for every child born in the country.’
    • ‘Right now, I do not see the funds available to save Social Security and Medicare, and we have to address that.’
    • ‘UK government funds are also available to help companies employ handicapped workers, as well as adjust workspaces.’
    • ‘Trustees were also given the duty to make sure there was enough money in the fund to pay pensions that have been promised.’
    • ‘He also ensures that marketing support funds are available.’
    • ‘The startup expenses quickly ate away at the funds he had saved.’
    • ‘It was financed from funds specifically identified for teaching undergraduates and nurses.’
    • ‘Benefits for others who have not yet retired would then have to be reduced to match the shortfall in the level of funds available.’
    • ‘It was our custom to put most of our spare money into a communal fund, since money was always so tight for us.’
    • ‘Demand shifts when demographics change either in numbers of people or in the amount of funds available.’
    • ‘Yet if these earners are forced to save via the mandatory savings accounts, those funds are not available for a down-payment.’
    • ‘The fixed-rate term account runs for a maximum five years, but the customer can access funds saved at any time.’
    • ‘The objectors want the Treasury to set up a special fund for their money to be spent on non-military purposes.’
    • ‘Be sure that budget includes a fund for emergencies and savings for the short and long term.’
    • ‘You may not touch the funds saved in a retirement annuity before you are 55 years old.’
    • ‘Difficult decisions will have to be made about which few species can be saved with the limited funds available for conservation.’
    • ‘But production companies which specialise in factual programming say the available pool of funds is shrinking.’
    • ‘The Canadian company has been budgeting for damages by setting aside money in an escrow fund.’
    collection, kitty, reserve, pool, purse
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    1. 1.1funds Financial resources.
      ‘a concert to raise funds for the church’
      • ‘Will the fall in the value of the US dollar proceed gradually or will there be a financial crisis sparked by a rapid exit of funds from American financial markets?’
      • ‘However, owing to financial crunch, funds would be raised with private partnership.’
      • ‘Mr Scheucher was last night trying to come up with an alternative financial model using public funds to get the stadium built, but as yet, no deal has been reached.’
      • ‘A budding stage star who achieved her dream of getting into a prestigious drama school has organised an evening of musical entertainment to raise funds to help finance her course.’
      • ‘They also secured lottery funding last year and will now have to raise further funds to finance the work.’
      • ‘The subsidies include direct cash payments, debt payments, and funds for capital projects.’
      • ‘Lady Liberty was reopened only after 36 million dollars was raised in private funds to pay for security improvements.’
      • ‘From now onwards the councils should strive to be up to date on payment of monthly salaries by raising funds from own vast resources.’
      • ‘He was prosecuted for allegedly being a member of a banned organisation and raising funds to finance terrorism abroad.’
      • ‘Therefore, owing to the Commission being satisfied that the funds have been properly expended it was not necessary to consider any alleged links during this Inquiry.’
      • ‘He appears never to have expected anything from the government in the way of subsidies, inducements, tax breaks or start-up funds.’
      • ‘The nature of the tax system used to raise funds to finance the debt had altered considerably during the previous century.’
      • ‘The Japanese government had initially held out against committing the funds for financial reasons, according to a diplomat, but eventually relented.’
      • ‘This happened on the GST, on the capital gains tax, on the subsidy to private health funds, and on asylum seekers.’
      • ‘In order to promote the growth of the group, properties were acquired with funds borrowed from financial institutions.’
      • ‘"The proposal is not meant to provide additional funds to finance government spending, " it said.’
      • ‘Most notably, any indication of how the Government plans to pay for all the new funds, projects and tax breaks it's proposing.’
      • ‘The feasibility of any option depends heavily on Leeds because it is the owner of the building and because Otley just does not have the funds to finance a project of this size alone.’
      • ‘But the countries that suffered the highest death tolls, like Indonesia and Sri Lanka, say they lack the funds to finance it.’
      • ‘Speculation is rife that Akbar spent the funds to finance Habibie's political campaign for presidential re-election in 1999.’
      money, cash, hard cash, ready money
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    2. 1.2 A large stock or supply of something.
      ‘a vast fund of information’
      • ‘It is the fund of good will that comes out of our culture that can turn things around.’
      • ‘Bruce was a lively and fascinating speaker, with a huge fund of anecdotes and recondite facts.’
      • ‘He had little pride, though an exceptional fund of passionate integrity.’
      • ‘I have a fund of somewhat boring stories which I tell myself when sleep is slow to come.’
      • ‘Once Bob would have been a veritable fund of info about goings-on around the club.’
      • ‘The time always comes when one has to pay one's debt to the fund of sincere belief and has to dare to believe in what he sees.’
      • ‘I had an opportunity to chat with him once or twice, and was immediately impressed by his fund of knowledge.’
      • ‘How will the state create a genetic fund of good livestock breeds for agriculture?’
      • ‘But clearly humour, and an appeal to the common fund of historical anecdotes, go a long way.’
      • ‘She appears here as a more amiable figure, fond of a good gossip, and with an endless fund of stories.’
      • ‘So the writer has brought with him a ball, a glove, a bat and a fund of stories.’
      • ‘He had a fund of quiet humour and often threw oil on troubled waters by quaint comments or amusing anecdotes.’
      • ‘This is the fund of unconscious images which fatally confuse the mental patient.’
      • ‘Me, I tend to agree with John Waters, always an eminently wise and sensible fund of good ideas and clear thinking.’
      • ‘Add a fund of goodwill from a city just pleased that its football club had survived and the future immediately became brighter.’
      • ‘I will concede that at the time my views rested on no great fund of expertise.’
      • ‘They are certainly leaving their successor a fund of good will with which to work.’
      • ‘You never talked to him for long without realising he had a great sense of humour with a fund of tales to tell.’
      • ‘Nothing will dry up the fund of information on errors as quickly as the fear of retribution.’
      stock, store, supply, accumulation, mass, collection, cumulation, bank, pool
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    3. 1.3the fundsBritish The stock of the national debt (as a mode of investment).
      • ‘That there is no connection between myself personally and the funds investment.’
      • ‘Investments in the funds fell to 25% of the previous week's rate.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Provide with money for a particular purpose.

    ‘the World Bank refused to fund the project’
    • ‘She might be born in a new maternity hospital, funded by the private finance initiative.’
    • ‘The project is funded by the EU and is in partnership with German and Swedish police.’
    • ‘An overseas aid agency funded a water project to enable trainees to cultivate vegetables.’
    • ‘The exhibition is the result of a spring art project funded by the Borough Land's trust.’
    • ‘That was the case with the Olympic Games, a project mainly funded by private enterprise.’
    • ‘The new practice, which was funded by a private finance initiative, opened in March.’
    • ‘The Crossrail project will be funded by both the Government and the private sector.’
    • ‘The project is entirely funded by donations from overseas and survives month by month.’
    • ‘Money from the sale would have partially funded the purchase of Queen Anne School.’
    • ‘The answer is simple since any job in the public services is funded by tax payers' money.’
    • ‘But why does he think the road system must remain a public good funded by the taxpayer?’
    • ‘These bursaries are to be funded from a pool of ten percent of top-up fee charges.’
    • ‘The council hopes the refurbishment project would be funded mainly through grants.’
    • ‘Existing projects can be funded, but only for an extension or further development.’
    • ‘The project will be funded from the sale of the current premises of Ashleigh in Windermere.’
    • ‘It is hoped that the whole project will be funded by selling off the Queens Road site for housing.’
    • ‘The project is funded by a four year grant from regeneration money provided by the government.’
    • ‘By contrast, the citizen scientists would be funded by public money to do just that.’
    • ‘The money also funded film workshops at secondary schools and colleges across the region.’
    • ‘This could be funded by an equity release plan to raise money on her home, which she would still own.’
    finance, pay for, back, capitalize, sponsor, provide capital for, provide finance for, put up the money for, subsidize, underwrite, endow, support, be a patron of, float, maintain
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Phrases

  • in funds

    • Having money to spend.

      ‘he had bought a painting by Modigliani when he was in funds’
      • ‘A paying bank may dishonour the cheque - refuse to pay it - if the customer is not in funds, or if there is not a sufficiently agreed overdraft at the time it is presented.’
      • ‘If you do wish me to act then I need to see you and be placed in funds to cover both my costs and those of Counsel.’
      • ‘Thus in funds, I had taken Sonya to a night-club.’
      • ‘Blake continued to produce his own personal view of life and religion in his paintings and engraving, occasionally getting a commission to produce some works which kept him in funds.’
      • ‘Aware that he was sick with cancer and low in funds, Reiner exhorted the wealthy Koussevitsky to cough up a $1,000 commission.’
      solvent, able to pay its debts, debt-free, not in debt, out of debt, in the black, in funds, in credit, creditworthy, of good financial standing, solid, secure
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Origin

Mid 17th century: from Latin fundus ‘bottom, piece of landed property’. The earliest sense was ‘the bottom or lowest part’, later ‘foundation or basis’; the association with money has perhaps arisen from the idea of landed property being a source of wealth.

Pronunciation

fund

/fʌnd/