Definition of fund in English:



  • 1A sum of money saved or made available for a particular purpose.

    ‘he had set up a fund to coordinate economic investment’
    • ‘The objectors want the Treasury to set up a special fund for their money to be spent on non-military purposes.’
    • ‘Some student unions make small funds available in grant form, so ring the resident welfare officer to apply.’
    • ‘Don't forget to check with your local authority to see if there are discretionary funds available to assist with the costs of any extra childcare help you may need.’
    • ‘It was our custom to put most of our spare money into a communal fund, since money was always so tight for us.’
    • ‘But production companies which specialise in factual programming say the available pool of funds is shrinking.’
    • ‘He also ensures that marketing support funds are available.’
    • ‘UK government funds are also available to help companies employ handicapped workers, as well as adjust workspaces.’
    • ‘You may not touch the funds saved in a retirement annuity before you are 55 years old.’
    • ‘It was financed from funds specifically identified for teaching undergraduates and nurses.’
    • ‘Be sure that budget includes a fund for emergencies and savings for the short and long term.’
    • ‘Demand shifts when demographics change either in numbers of people or in the amount of funds available.’
    • ‘The Canadian company has been budgeting for damages by setting aside money in an escrow fund.’
    • ‘The fixed-rate term account runs for a maximum five years, but the customer can access funds saved at any time.’
    • ‘Yet if these earners are forced to save via the mandatory savings accounts, those funds are not available for a down-payment.’
    • ‘The startup expenses quickly ate away at the funds he had saved.’
    • ‘In tandem with a pension fund, we could have a wealth fund for every child born in the country.’
    • ‘Difficult decisions will have to be made about which few species can be saved with the limited funds available for conservation.’
    • ‘Right now, I do not see the funds available to save Social Security and Medicare, and we have to address that.’
    • ‘Benefits for others who have not yet retired would then have to be reduced to match the shortfall in the level of funds available.’
    • ‘Trustees were also given the duty to make sure there was enough money in the fund to pay pensions that have been promised.’
    collection, kitty, reserve, pool, purse
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    1. 1.1Financial resources.
      ‘a concert to raise funds for the church’
      • ‘Mr Scheucher was last night trying to come up with an alternative financial model using public funds to get the stadium built, but as yet, no deal has been reached.’
      • ‘Speculation is rife that Akbar spent the funds to finance Habibie's political campaign for presidential re-election in 1999.’
      • ‘The nature of the tax system used to raise funds to finance the debt had altered considerably during the previous century.’
      • ‘Will the fall in the value of the US dollar proceed gradually or will there be a financial crisis sparked by a rapid exit of funds from American financial markets?’
      • ‘Most notably, any indication of how the Government plans to pay for all the new funds, projects and tax breaks it's proposing.’
      • ‘However, owing to financial crunch, funds would be raised with private partnership.’
      • ‘The feasibility of any option depends heavily on Leeds because it is the owner of the building and because Otley just does not have the funds to finance a project of this size alone.’
      • ‘A budding stage star who achieved her dream of getting into a prestigious drama school has organised an evening of musical entertainment to raise funds to help finance her course.’
      • ‘In order to promote the growth of the group, properties were acquired with funds borrowed from financial institutions.’
      • ‘The subsidies include direct cash payments, debt payments, and funds for capital projects.’
      • ‘From now onwards the councils should strive to be up to date on payment of monthly salaries by raising funds from own vast resources.’
      • ‘"The proposal is not meant to provide additional funds to finance government spending, " it said.’
      • ‘Therefore, owing to the Commission being satisfied that the funds have been properly expended it was not necessary to consider any alleged links during this Inquiry.’
      • ‘The Japanese government had initially held out against committing the funds for financial reasons, according to a diplomat, but eventually relented.’
      • ‘They also secured lottery funding last year and will now have to raise further funds to finance the work.’
      • ‘He was prosecuted for allegedly being a member of a banned organisation and raising funds to finance terrorism abroad.’
      • ‘He appears never to have expected anything from the government in the way of subsidies, inducements, tax breaks or start-up funds.’
      • ‘This happened on the GST, on the capital gains tax, on the subsidy to private health funds, and on asylum seekers.’
      • ‘But the countries that suffered the highest death tolls, like Indonesia and Sri Lanka, say they lack the funds to finance it.’
      • ‘Lady Liberty was reopened only after 36 million dollars was raised in private funds to pay for security improvements.’
      money, cash, hard cash, ready money
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    2. 1.2A large stock or supply of something.
      ‘a vast fund of information’
      • ‘Once Bob would have been a veritable fund of info about goings-on around the club.’
      • ‘Add a fund of goodwill from a city just pleased that its football club had survived and the future immediately became brighter.’
      • ‘It is the fund of good will that comes out of our culture that can turn things around.’
      • ‘So the writer has brought with him a ball, a glove, a bat and a fund of stories.’
      • ‘How will the state create a genetic fund of good livestock breeds for agriculture?’
      • ‘But clearly humour, and an appeal to the common fund of historical anecdotes, go a long way.’
      • ‘Bruce was a lively and fascinating speaker, with a huge fund of anecdotes and recondite facts.’
      • ‘I will concede that at the time my views rested on no great fund of expertise.’
      • ‘The time always comes when one has to pay one's debt to the fund of sincere belief and has to dare to believe in what he sees.’
      • ‘You never talked to him for long without realising he had a great sense of humour with a fund of tales to tell.’
      • ‘He had little pride, though an exceptional fund of passionate integrity.’
      • ‘Nothing will dry up the fund of information on errors as quickly as the fear of retribution.’
      • ‘This is the fund of unconscious images which fatally confuse the mental patient.’
      • ‘He had a fund of quiet humour and often threw oil on troubled waters by quaint comments or amusing anecdotes.’
      • ‘I have a fund of somewhat boring stories which I tell myself when sleep is slow to come.’
      • ‘They are certainly leaving their successor a fund of good will with which to work.’
      • ‘She appears here as a more amiable figure, fond of a good gossip, and with an endless fund of stories.’
      • ‘I had an opportunity to chat with him once or twice, and was immediately impressed by his fund of knowledge.’
      • ‘Me, I tend to agree with John Waters, always an eminently wise and sensible fund of good ideas and clear thinking.’
      stock, store, supply, accumulation, mass, collection, cumulation, bank, pool
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    3. 1.3British The stock of the national debt (as a mode of investment).
      • ‘That there is no connection between myself personally and the funds investment.’
      • ‘Investments in the funds fell to 25% of the previous week's rate.’


  • Provide with money for a particular purpose.

    ‘the World Bank refused to fund the project’
    • ‘The project is funded by a four year grant from regeneration money provided by the government.’
    • ‘But why does he think the road system must remain a public good funded by the taxpayer?’
    • ‘The new practice, which was funded by a private finance initiative, opened in March.’
    • ‘Money from the sale would have partially funded the purchase of Queen Anne School.’
    • ‘The Crossrail project will be funded by both the Government and the private sector.’
    • ‘The project will be funded from the sale of the current premises of Ashleigh in Windermere.’
    • ‘The project is funded by the EU and is in partnership with German and Swedish police.’
    • ‘The council hopes the refurbishment project would be funded mainly through grants.’
    • ‘She might be born in a new maternity hospital, funded by the private finance initiative.’
    • ‘The exhibition is the result of a spring art project funded by the Borough Land's trust.’
    • ‘By contrast, the citizen scientists would be funded by public money to do just that.’
    • ‘It is hoped that the whole project will be funded by selling off the Queens Road site for housing.’
    • ‘An overseas aid agency funded a water project to enable trainees to cultivate vegetables.’
    • ‘These bursaries are to be funded from a pool of ten percent of top-up fee charges.’
    • ‘The project is entirely funded by donations from overseas and survives month by month.’
    • ‘The money also funded film workshops at secondary schools and colleges across the region.’
    • ‘Existing projects can be funded, but only for an extension or further development.’
    • ‘The answer is simple since any job in the public services is funded by tax payers' money.’
    • ‘This could be funded by an equity release plan to raise money on her home, which she would still own.’
    • ‘That was the case with the Olympic Games, a project mainly funded by private enterprise.’
    finance, pay for, back, capitalize, sponsor, provide capital for, provide finance for, put up the money for, subsidize, underwrite, endow, support, be a patron of, float, maintain
    foot the bill for, pick up the tab for
    bankroll, stake
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  • in funds

    • Having money to spend.

      ‘he had bought a painting by Modigliani when he was in funds’
      • ‘Thus in funds, I had taken Sonya to a night-club.’
      • ‘A paying bank may dishonour the cheque - refuse to pay it - if the customer is not in funds, or if there is not a sufficiently agreed overdraft at the time it is presented.’
      • ‘Blake continued to produce his own personal view of life and religion in his paintings and engraving, occasionally getting a commission to produce some works which kept him in funds.’
      • ‘Aware that he was sick with cancer and low in funds, Reiner exhorted the wealthy Koussevitsky to cough up a $1,000 commission.’
      • ‘If you do wish me to act then I need to see you and be placed in funds to cover both my costs and those of Counsel.’
      solvent, able to pay its debts, debt-free, not in debt, out of debt, in the black, in funds, in credit, creditworthy, of good financial standing, solid, secure
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Mid 17th century: from Latin fundus bottom, piece of landed property. The earliest sense was ‘the bottom or lowest part’, later ‘foundation or basis’; the association with money has perhaps arisen from the idea of landed property being a source of wealth.