Definition of fume in English:

fume

noun

usually fumes
  • 1An amount of gas or vapour that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale:

    ‘clouds of exhaust fumes spewed by cars’
    • ‘These alloys are very toxic and dangerous if beryllium fumes are not captured and exhausted by proper ventilating equipment.’
    • ‘At around 3.30 am, after everyone had returned to the house and gone to bed, Mr Keith said he was alerted by the smell of fumes and a smoke alarm going off in the extension.’
    • ‘Today, health bosses pledged to offer all smokers the chance to give up smoking - while at the same time doing all they could to stop non-smokers inhaling poisonous fumes.’
    • ‘The factors considered by the agency are noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke and artificial lighting as well as the discharge of any solid or liquid substance on to the land.’
    • ‘After paying him, he took off, leaving me to inhale his gas fumes, which led to yet another hacking spell.’
    • ‘Inhaling nitric acid fumes can cause irritation or burns to the respiratory system and may lead to pneumonia and a collection of fluid in the lungs, which can be fatal.’
    • ‘You set fire to it, then deeply inhale the smoky poisonous fumes.’
    • ‘Many said they had smelled strong gas fumes during the explosion.’
    • ‘This should be followed by banning power stations, which spew out fumes and greenhouse gases.’
    • ‘If you suspect that someone has inhaled poisonous fumes, first assess the situation and your risk.’
    • ‘But by the same token, I'm making an equally viable decision not to smoke - that includes not inhaling your stale fumes.’
    • ‘I inhale fumes from the car mechanic's shop downstairs, I shower over the rumbling of the subway.’
    • ‘Symptoms can be made worse by emotional stress, some foods, smells, fumes, smoke, or travelling.’
    • ‘But on 6 March of that year Ross Lockridge killed himself with the fumes from his car exhaust.’
    • ‘An elderly man died from inhaling poisonous fumes as he tried to put out a fire at his home.’
    • ‘And inhaling the exhaust fumes is unpleasant and unhealthy.’
    • ‘Respirators must be worn if the ambient concentration of welding fumes exceeds prescribed exposure limits.’
    • ‘Have a gas mask to prevent you from inhaling any hazardous fumes.’
    • ‘Many factors can affect the amount of fume generated and the toxicity hazards of those emissions.’
    • ‘I also have become very ill from inhaling the fumes from the exhaust diesel gases that come from the buses.’
    smoke, vapour, gas, exhalation, exhaust, effluvium, pollution
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    1. 1.1 A pungent odour of a particular thing:
      ‘he breathed fumes of wine into her face’
      • ‘The candles lost their power; and the fumes of incense were just that; the smell of smoke, and nothing more.’
      • ‘Once Soothesong passes, he continues his reconnoiter, breathing in the tempting fumes of meat broth greedily.’
      • ‘The fumes of alcohol rising from it burned his nose.’
      • ‘Back in the car, filled with the fumes of composting grass cuttings, Graham was playing solitaire on his PDA while waiting.’
      • ‘The fumes of alcohol and tobacco were poisonous.’
      • ‘The shrine room was full of fragrant fumes of agarbathis and camphor and warm with the burning oil lamps.’
      • ‘Her stomach rumbled as the fumes of the stew reached her nostrils.’
      • ‘The pig smell intensified, driving off more pleasant fumes of paint and honest sweat.’
      • ‘The fumes of the oil used to seal the hold were beginning to rise to greet the morning sun, and in her condition, Miri found the smell overwhelming.’
      • ‘The small feed and tack room door was slightly ajar; the fumes of oats and hay mingling in the warm, moist air of the summer afternoon.’
      • ‘The fumes of the soup went into my mouth, and I was able to taste bits and pieces of it, and I liked what I did taste.’
      • ‘In the oppressive heat I could taste the nauseating fumes of paraffin.’
      • ‘After a moment, the fumes of the dried plants filled my nostrils, and I soon lost consciousness.’
      • ‘I was feeling really dizzy, and no, it wasn't from the loud music and the fumes of B.O. wafting off of the dancing morons.’
      • ‘Minerva was almost overcome by the fumes of hair products when she recently visited her hairdresser.’
      • ‘Suffocating, I crane my head above the crowd, gasping for air but taking in only steaming sweat and fumes of scotch.’
      • ‘Let others suffer in the fumes of your fancy new car!’
      • ‘The restaurant is warm and welcoming, an open kitchen fires out heady fumes of garlic, the servers are friendly and helpful, and the prices are great.’
      • ‘She quickly moved to the next seat, knowing that she couldn't tolerate the fumes of her colleague.’
      • ‘Propping up his head on his hand, he gazed about in the room, the fumes of markers and paint lingering from the previous class.’
      smell, stink, reek, stench, odour
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    2. 1.2literary A watery vapour, steam, or mist rising from the earth or sea:
      ‘a smouldering fume of dry frost’

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Emit gas or vapour:

    ‘fragments of lava hit the ground, fuming and sizzling’
    • ‘It was sounding like a scratched holodisc right now and smoke was fuming out of it's light receptor.’
    • ‘Todd was bright red with anger now and looked as if smoke would start to fume from his ears.’
    • ‘Smoke fumed out from the hood and it looked like that something blew up.’
    • ‘Birds, generally, will not tolerate human beings, especially human beings with gigantic clumsy flying machines that fume with black smoke and sound like a flying earthquake.’
    emit smoke, emit gas, smoke
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    1. 1.1usually as adjective fumed[with object] Expose (especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints:
      ‘the fumed oak sideboard’
      • ‘The fuming process is used to turn the color of these woods into other shades of yellow and honey-browns.’
      • ‘This finish is the effect of steaming, a process that stains the natural red of the oak to a fumed black.’
  • 2Feel, show, or express great anger:

    ‘he is fuming over the interference in his work’
    • ‘I fumed at the noisy, smelly, insensitive machismo of it.’
    • ‘The queen fumed at this intrusion, ‘I told you to stay out until we were through.’’
    • ‘Keane fumed at these failures and the defeatism that accompanied them as Chelsea dominated English football.’
    • ‘Modi may have fumed at the audacity of a woman who could stand out in public and point a finger at him, but there was little that he could do to stop her.’
    • ‘The officer who had left the army under a cloud was now, in 1940, being summoned by a prime minister who fumed at the ‘wasted brains’ in Britain.’
    • ‘‘But you're too full of yourself to even give me a chance to talk… explain’ he fumed at her but he didn't move any closer to her.’
    • ‘The normally phlegmatic Jones fumed at reports suggesting that Radcliffe was anything less than ready, saying they might act as an incentive to her rivals.’
    • ‘He still fumed at the accusations thrown towards him.’
    • ‘Since roadworks began on a stretch of the Naas carriageway motorists have fumed at being forced to keep to a 40 mph legal limit.’
    • ‘Motorists fumed at the blocked roads, rail travellers found many services severely hit and the RAC demanded a public inquiry into the nation's resources for coping with emergency conditions.’
    • ‘Scarlett fumed at her brother but remained silent.’
    • ‘Wayne fumed at how ignorant and carefree Tanya was.’
    • ‘I can almost hear the smoke fuming out of her ears.’
    • ‘Our confusion quickly gave way to anger, and we fumed in suppressed rage.’
    • ‘He sat stiffly beside her on the ground, fuming.’
    • ‘Of course there have been times when I have fumed at the end of the phone line when some official gave me an answer I didn't like but as I get older I realise that sometimes the answer has to be ‘No’.’
    • ‘But Erin only fumed at him, and when the king knocked at the door of her bedchamber, she didn't even answer.’
    • ‘Julia silently fumed at the lack of concern over her departure.’
    • ‘‘It says in the scriptwriting book that every character has an arc,’ he fumed at one point.’
    • ‘Residents of the David Murray John Tower fumed at being left out in the cold for an hour after a second 30-year-old lift failed and security guards said they could not allow them to use the stairs.’
    be furious, be enraged, be angry, seethe, smoulder, simmer, boil, be livid, be incensed, bristle, be beside oneself, spit, chafe
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French fumer (verb), from Latin fumare to smoke.

Pronunciation:

fume

/fjuːm/