Definition of fulminant in English:

fulminant

adjective

Medicine
  • (of a disease or symptom) severe and sudden in onset.

    • ‘However, HEV infection often leads to fulminant hepatitis especially among pregnant women.’
    • ‘Compared with patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HSC transplant recipients generally display a more fulminant onset and course.’
    • ‘Whereas meningococcemia was formerly associated with pyogenic meningitis, the disease is now so fulminant that meningitis does not have time to become established.’
    • ‘The range of clinical presentation can vary from asymptomatic to fulminant disease.’
    • ‘Between 0.3 and 1.8 percent of people who contract HAV develop fulminant hepatitis, a severe form of hepatitis with rapid liver cell death and liver failure.’
    • ‘Emphysematous Pyelonephritis is a fulminant infection of the renal parenchyma and perirenal tissues with gas formation in the non functioning kidney.’
    • ‘A fulminant pneumonitis with septicemia that is known as ‘cepacia syndrome’ is the most serious outcome of cepacia infection, although a variable clinical course in those infected with this organism has been noted.’
    • ‘We are presenting a case of severe ARDS due to a fulminant coccidioidomycosis infection that responded to a short course of systemic steroids in addition to the standard antifungal treatment.’
    • ‘Guillain-Barre syndrome related to CMV has been documented, as have the much less frequent complications of encephalitis, myocarditis, or fulminant hepatitis.’
    • ‘Clinical presentations of antibiotic associated diarrhoea range from mild diarrhoea to fulminant pseudomembranous colitis.’
    • ‘Case reports establish beyond doubt that HHV - 6 can trigger fulminant demyelinating disease and encephalitis in MS patients.’
    • ‘The clinical presentation ranges from no symptoms to fulminant pseudomembranous colitis.’
    • ‘I have a patient who had major abdominal surgery a few years ago for a fulminant illness.’
    • ‘Of these, 250 are hospitalized as a result of acute complications, and approximately 100 die from cirrhosis, liver cancer, or fulminant hepatitis.’
    • ‘In others, inhalation can lead to an acute fulminant pneumonia resulting in the ARDS or can be a chronic pneumonia.’
    • ‘Cowling takes issue with our advice that healthcare workers who are exposed to airway secretions from patients with fulminant meningococcal disease should be offered chemoprophylaxis.’
    • ‘Renal involvement frequently results in fulminant hypertension, renal failure, and death.’
    • ‘Shigellosis may occur as a selflimiting illness with watery diarrhoea but often episodes of acute fulminant bloody dysentery lead to high case fatality rates among children.’
    • ‘Rarely, fulminant ischaemic colitis occurs with gangrene or perforation and needs urgent surgical exploration.’
    • ‘Three of the 12 patients studied had acute HCV infections, three had fulminant hepatitis (a rare but serious form of acute disease), and six had chronic hepatitis.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from French, or from Latin fulminant- ‘striking with lightning’, from the verb fulminare (see fulminate).

Pronunciation

fulminant

/ˈfʌlmɪnənt//ˈfʊlmɪnənt/