Definition of fresh in English:

fresh

adjective

  • 1(of food) recently made or obtained; not tinned, frozen, or otherwise preserved.

    ‘fresh fruit’
    • ‘Each chef will provide their signature dish using only natural Irish foods and fresh ingredients.’
    • ‘There are two course menus and an a la carte menu with plentiful seafood in season, fresh vegetables and fruits.’
    • ‘Tesco believes that in future, tags can be attached to fresh food such as fruit or meat products, and programmed with the item's sell-by date.’
    • ‘In warmer weather the food, especially fresh vegetables and fruit, may need to be replaced more than twice a day.’
    • ‘Preferably use fresh garlic in your food, or, if this is not always possible, take a garlic supplement available from your health store.’
    • ‘Nutritionists decide that servings of fruit or fresh juice are worth a certain number of points, but fizzy drinks and sweets count for nothing.’
    • ‘Consumption of fresh foods - meat, fish and fruit - is above average.’
    • ‘Eat high-fiber foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, brans and whole grains.’
    • ‘There is no need to buy frozen ingredients when so much fresh food is available.’
    • ‘The price of dairy products is about to rise because of petrol, and other basic foods like meat and fresh fruit and vegetables are expected to be next.’
    • ‘To anyone used to cooking their own Indian food using fresh spices, such flavours are strangely mute with no individual spice or flavour discernible.’
    • ‘All ingredients are fresh and the food is prepared daily.’
    • ‘Cabin passengers enjoyed more space, privacy and better food including fresh meat and fruit.’
    • ‘How are these community members able to obtain fresh food, keep medical appointments or transport their children?’
    • ‘Mrs Lock and her assistants use locally produced fruit and vegetables and fresh meat from a local butcher.’
    • ‘For the first ten days Budhan ate only fresh salads and drank fresh vegetable and fruit juices and water.’
    • ‘Foods such as fresh fruit, potatoes and plain pasta contain very little salt.’
    • ‘The main dish is steamed aromatic rice served with one or more stews made of meat and a fresh vegetable or fruit.’
    • ‘Other high-energy foods include fresh vegetables, which should constitute forty percent of the meal.’
    • ‘Lifestyles dictate that many people eat on the move so King needs to look at customer behaviour and fit into that by offering fast food with fresh ingredients.’
    newly harvested, garden-fresh, not stale, crisp, firm, unwilted, unfaded
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  • 2Not previously known or used; new or different.

    ‘the court had heard fresh evidence’
    • ‘Speaking to mediapersons in Bangalore, Anita said that she has cast new faces to give a fresh look that will create a new chemistry on screen.’
    • ‘Given the council's history of chaotic financial management, leaders thought it prudent to make a fresh start.’
    • ‘You may feel like running away from romance during a spell that is likely to bring confusion into that area of your life and thereby create fresh problems.’
    • ‘Green vines and white roses were intricately placed to create a fresh effect.’
    • ‘‘They bring fresh ideas and a modern outlook into the group,’ said Mr Robinson.’
    • ‘The compensation will enable her to clear her debts, repay the money she borrowed from her mother and make a fresh start.’
    • ‘The flooding threat hanging over Ryedale could prevent scores of fresh jobs being created at a redundant clothing factory.’
    • ‘Free from the personal traumas of the past, they can make a fresh start at a practical working relationship.’
    • ‘Now, I am waiting for their next version in the coming year to make a fresh start.’
    • ‘The event is at the heart of a masterplan to create a fresh image for the city.’
    • ‘Although the future appears bleak, the opportunity is there to make a fresh start.’
    • ‘She's being pragmatic about the need to sell her house but she's using it as an opportunity to make a fresh start.’
    • ‘‘I just can't paint fast enough to create fresh work for this number of events,’ he said.’
    • ‘We have to find its fresh tracks in the area and for that we started walking and climbing hills and riverbeds.’
    • ‘In order to assist our Government in creating fresh legislation, we needed to educate the general public that this was a viable solution.’
    • ‘Danny, 22, left Manchester for Glasgow to make a fresh start after he fell in with ‘the wrong crowd’ and got into drugs.’
    • ‘We've been given the opportunity to make a fresh start and build something from scratch.’
    • ‘As I'd been scrambling to create one, a fresh opportunity landed in my lap.’
    • ‘Instead, he creates fresh, original compositions that stand on their own.’
    • ‘She and her mother plan to make a fresh start in Canada.’
    new, brand new, recent, latest, up to date, modern, modernistic, ultra-modern, newfangled
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    1. 2.1 Recently created or experienced and not faded or impaired.
      ‘the memory was still fresh in their minds’
      • ‘Many years down the line, the experience is still fresh in his memory.’
      • ‘Events that have befallen several UK biotech companies in recent years are still fresh in the mind.’
      • ‘The fondness is so fresh I assumed he was talking about a recent trip.’
      • ‘The drama he had created the last time he had been around was still fresh in my mind.’
      • ‘Many have fled the province, bringing with them fresh experiences of life and death under martial law.’
      • ‘I have come here straight from the dojo with that experience still fresh in my mind.’
      • ‘This time frame was chosen so that the classroom experience was still fresh in the students' minds.’
      • ‘He had only been introduced to it recently and it was fresh in his mind.’
      • ‘They said they missed friends and some things, but I think India was still a fresh experience.’
      • ‘The last wisps of her dream were still fresh in her mind, as if she was still experiencing them now.’
      • ‘With that experience so fresh in our minds, it would be a shame if the whole sorry episode were to be repeated for broadband.’
      • ‘With that experience fresh in my mind, I was pleasantly surprised with the high quality of this transfer.’
    2. 2.2 (of a person) attractively youthful and unspoilt.
      ‘a fresh young girl’
      • ‘He had come out of his York race incredibly well, he hadn't lost any weight, he was very fresh.’
      • ‘We're new, we're fresh, we're young and we're still a little crazy.’
      • ‘But then we were fresh and it was our only gig of the day.’
      • ‘They're so fresh and famous that they even had to change their name over in Merseyside, where they're known as Sayers.’
      • ‘However, she lauds the new crop of singers saying they are fresh.’
      • ‘We need fresh people who are more aware and less stuck in the old mindset.’
      • ‘At eighteen years old, she was still fresh from adolescence and stinging from the abrupt end of an eight month relationship.’
      • ‘She was a very fresh agent, a diminutive girl just recently graduated from college.’
      • ‘Now fresh volunteers can gain qualifications in tennis, hockey, men's and women's rugby and cricket.’
      • ‘Dionysia Didier, volleyball coach, says St Lucia is fielding a relatively fresh team this year.’
      • ‘If it was good enough they would release it as a single in its own right, even if it needed attention from fresh musicians in north London.’
      young, youthful, juvenile, adolescent, boyish, girlish, new, newly arrived
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  • 3predicative (of a person) full of energy and vigour.

    ‘they are feeling fresh after a good night's sleep’
    • ‘In the morning I am fresh and rosy and utterly not hungover.’
    • ‘Just make sure you tackle it again when you're fresh though!’
    • ‘Her face was fresh and full of life.’
    • ‘Just how important is it to go tonight instead of getting a good night's sleep and starting fresh in the morning?’
    • ‘Anne deliberately missed the time trial earlier in the week to ensure that she was fresh for the big race and her strategy certainly paid dividends.’
    • ‘Perhaps it's also because I'm not arriving after already spending a whole day in an office so I'm still fresh and awake.’
    • ‘Having had a break I'm fresh and the motivation is definitely there.’
    • ‘It's all about training them when you are fresh and have the most energy to devote to them.’
    • ‘At least he is fresh for the tough Scotland squad training sessions, the mere thought of which has some players reaching for the ice pack.’
    refreshed, rested, restored, revived, like a new person
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    1. 3.1 (of a colour or a person's complexion) bright or healthy in appearance.
      ‘a young constable with a fresh complexion’
      ‘the foliage was still a fresh colour’
      • ‘Pick shelling peas when the pods are fully plump and a fresh green colour.’
      • ‘Once a week, use an exfoliator to help your skin shed dead cells and keep your complexion looking fresh.’
      • ‘I looked at the palm of my hand, now covered with fresh, bright, lime-green paint.’
      • ‘She had a fresh complexion and a bubbly attitude that made her perfect for the part.’
      • ‘Briza maxima has also seeded itself in this pot, adding height and movement as well as a contrasting colour as it fades from fresh green to pale brown.’
      • ‘After more than 60 years, they still retain their fresh colours and look even more stylish than the copies made today.’
      • ‘He has brown eyes, a fresh complexion, is of stocky build and is generally of casual appearance.’
      • ‘There's something about them that make the colours so bright, crisp and fresh.’
      • ‘The bright and fresh colors seen on the dark, black bottom under water, seem to have been created by freezing.’
      • ‘With its rich and fresh colours and lovely shape, the countryside pottery looks even more attractive than the luxury kind.’
      • ‘I opted to sit and look at the fresco, whose fresh colours lifted my spirits despite my horrible cold.’
      • ‘He was clean-shaven with a fresh complexion and was wearing a light-coloured flat cap with a long, dark nylon or cotton raincoat.’
      healthy, healthy-looking, clear, bright, youthful, youthful-looking, wholesome, blooming, glowing, unblemished
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  • 4(of water) not salty.

    ‘all the fresh water in the world's lakes’
    • ‘That is damaging to native fish life and plant life, and contributes to the degradation of fresh waters.’
    • ‘Less than 30 miles from the centre of Glasgow, in the fresh waters of Loch Lomond, three uninhabited islands are for sale.’
    • ‘The bull sharks are also special because they can survive in fresh waters.’
    • ‘Here on the edge of the sea, as fresh groundwater is depleted, sea-water is beginning to push in.’
    • ‘Cichlids inhabit fresh waters, and many species are endemic to isolated lake environments.’
    • ‘There are signs that the water was not fresh, as typical of most lakes, but marine or brackish.’
    • ‘Flounder can even be found many miles from the sea, high up in rivers where the water is completely fresh.’
    • ‘Surprisingly enough, it was glistening with the beauty of all natural fresh waters.’
    • ‘The lake water is fresh near the surface, but remains salty at the bottom.’
    • ‘Scott was also unaware of any barnacles that reside in fresh waters.’
    • ‘What we need is mandatory regional planning for fresh waters.’
    • ‘A new advertising campaign due for the end of the summer will highlight Belhaven's Scottish roots and its use of fresh local water.’
    • ‘Unless indicated otherwise, all statements that follow pertain to both marine and fresh waters.’
    • ‘Sea water and sedimentary brines are volumetrically more important that fresh waters, but are unfit for human consumption.’
    • ‘Its distribution is restricted to the fresh waters of eastern and central North America.’
    • ‘Seafood from salty and fresh waters is plentiful.’
    • ‘Even the taste of it, like air, is neutral, because initially the water is fresh, not salt.’
    • ‘The project will help that state implement its new law banning lead sinkers weighing less than one ounce from fresh waters.’
    • ‘A container with fresh creek water made out of a sealed off and hollowed bamboo stick hung from his leather belt.’
    • ‘The shellfish, which favour the fresh waters of the region's lakes, are usually found in dense beds.’
  • 5(of the wind) cool and fairly strong.

    ‘a fresh northerly wind was speeding the ship southwards’
    • ‘The missing lights sent more chills through her than the fresh wind picking up around her.’
    • ‘I came from a small town, where the wind is fresh and cool, you could taste the air on your lips.’
    • ‘To the expedition a fresh wind from the right direction would have been an event of tremendous significance.’
    • ‘Her cheeks flushed, but it had to be the fresh wind, they both concluded.’
    • ‘For the most part, conditions were benign with sunshine and fresh winds.’
    • ‘She stepped in the draughty passageway, whittled by fresh winds though it was summer.’
    • ‘The evening was well attended with usual crowd of avid networkers chatting away to one another in the fresh easterly winds at the Varuna Yacht Club.’
    • ‘We were sailing northeast in a fresh wind out of the northwest.’
    • ‘The journey began well, with a fresh southerly wind for the first few hours, but it then turned squally with drizzle.’
    • ‘It has always kept the windows open for fresh winds to blow in.’
    • ‘The cool and fresh mountain wind on his face did not calm him as it should.’
    • ‘The wind is now fresh; the climb is fairly steady.’
    • ‘During Autumn, flights of noisily calling fieldfares often pass low over our garden heading into a fresh south-westerly wind.’
    • ‘They played into the fresh wind in the opening half but appeared well placed at the interval.’
    chilly, cool, cold, brisk, bracing, invigorating
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    1. 5.1British informal (of the weather) rather cold and windy.
      ‘She shivered in the chilly air. ‘A bit fresh, isn't it?’’
      • ‘Weather conditions were fresh, but the keen course committee ensured that the excellent facilities were in top order.’
      • ‘There's cold, fresh air there, and he takes gulps, trying to steady himself.’
      • ‘Gasping in the fresh cold air, Christopher cleared away the shards with a side table, knocking out the frame as he did so.’
      windy, windswept, blustery, gusty, breezy, draughty
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    2. 5.2 Pleasantly clean and cool.
      ‘the toothpaste leaves the mouth feeling wonderfully fresh’
      • ‘It was pleasantly cool outside, and the air was delightfully fresh compared to that of the city.’
      • ‘The air was fresh and clean as if it had rained the night before.’
      • ‘As he stood on the lawn outside, Garth breathed in the fresh, cool air.’
      • ‘The phyto-chemicals kill the odor-causing bacteria and leave your mouth fresh.’
      • ‘Arriving back at Gatwick, the air felt fresher and my shoulders lighter.’
      • ‘Mint, tea tree and cinnamon keep breath fresh.’
      • ‘Easily accessible, this tourist area is noted for its beauty, and cool, fresh mountain air.’
      • ‘No clouds were anywhere present, and the air smelled fresh and clean.’
      • ‘The crisp, fall air is fresher.’
      • ‘The air felt fresh after our time in Kathmandu Valley, where brick kilns and fires generate a thick layer of smog that blankets the city.’
      • ‘The doctor ordered an X ray of her lungs, observed something peculiar on the film, decided it was tuberculosis, and sent her to a sanatorium in the foothills where the air was fresher.’
      cool, crisp, refreshing, invigorating, tonic
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  • 6fresh from/out of(of a person) having just had (a particular experience) or come from (a particular place)

    ‘we were fresh out of art school’
  • 7informal Presumptuous towards someone, especially in a sexual way.

    ‘one truck driver decided to get fresh with me’
    • ‘Because I get fresh with them and don't want to do what they say.’
    impudent, impertinent, insolent, presumptuous, audacious, forward, cheeky, irreverent, discourteous, disrespectful, insubordinate, rude, crude, brazen, brazen-faced, brash, shameless, pert, defiant, bold, bold as brass, as bold as brass, outrageous, shocking, out of line
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  • 8West Indian Having an unpleasant, slightly rotten smell.

    ‘this place was covered in water and smelled fresh like hell’
    stinking, smelly, foul-smelling, evil-smelling, malodorous, stinking to high heaven, reeking, pungent, acrid, high, rank, foul, unpleasant, nasty, noxious
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adverb

  • usually in combination Newly; recently.

    ‘fresh-baked bread’
    ‘fresh-cut grass’

Phrases

  • be fresh out of

    • informal Have just sold or run out of a supply of (something)

      ‘we're fresh out of Stilton’
      • ‘It's possible that he is fresh out of constructive ideas on this subject.’
      • ‘He was fresh out of ideas, and his next move could be checkmate.’
      • ‘If you had to check your camera, you likely would have been fresh out of luck on that trip.’
      • ‘But after taking a long look at the suspect's eyes and not seeing much spark there, he apologetically explained that he was fresh out of bucks in the till, and would have to go and get some more.’
      • ‘Or you may be fresh out of layout ideas and may glean some inspiration by starting with a basic page.’
      • ‘The only problem with that was Peter was fresh out of inspiration.’
      be without, have need of, be in need of, need, be lacking, require, want, feel the want of, be short of, be deficient in, stand in need of, go without, be bereft of, be deprived of, be low on, be pressed for, not have enough of, be devoid of, have insufficient, cry out for
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Origin

Old English fersc ‘not salt, fit for drinking’, superseded in Middle English by forms from Old French freis, fresche; both ultimately of Germanic origin and related to Dutch vers and German frisch.

Pronunciation

fresh

/frɛʃ/