Definition of fraternal in English:

fraternal

adjective

  • 1Of or like a brother or brothers.

    ‘his lack of fraternal feeling shocked me’
    • ‘You cannot shield yourselves too much against the jealousies and heartburnings which spring from these misrepresentations; they tend to render alien to each other those who ought to be bound together by fraternal affection.’
    • ‘Younger brother Prince Khurram promptly had him killed, as fraternal ambitions were not to be encouraged, even though the wretched Prince Khusrau was blind.’
    • ‘He never betrayed the solemn fraternal oath he and his brothers swore before their mother Sheikha Salaama not to murder each other.’
    • ‘Not romantic love, of course, but fraternal love.’
    • ‘The fraternal duo have established themselves as one of Britain's most original electronic acts, gaining a reputation for excellent live shows and ambitious recordings.’
    • ‘The fraternal filmmaking team manages to make crass, stupid, lurid jokes, while also maintaining a heart and evoking old-fashioned schmaltz.’
    • ‘No, it does not achieve the sensation of the friend's living embrace or the shock of a fraternal admonition.’
    • ‘But then Barkulkul deviates from fraternal expectations-he kills his brother, plants him like a long yam and covers his corpse with a bunch of bananas.’
    • ‘Again and again, the treacherous brother in the fraternal allegory puts personal, material ambition over ‘natural’ family loyalty, law and order, spiritual and communal values.’
    • ‘This fraternal tension stresses Philippe, especially now that their mother has died, because André is the only family he has left.’
    • ‘How I reconcile this with impending fraternal birthday present purchasing, imminent Christmas gift buying, forthcoming silly season drunkenness and my existing overdraft and credit card debt, I really do not know.’
    • ‘Their quirky relationship oscillates between paternal and fraternal, part father-son, part Wright brothers.’
    • ‘Despite John's objections to psychological explanations, the mother functions as the sexualized prize and arbiter in this fraternal rivalry when the brothers come to blows on her doorstep.’
    • ‘Monogamy is the norm, although some Tibetan-speaking peoples practice fraternal polyandry (two brothers may marry the same woman).’
    • ‘Henri spent the last eleven years of his life nourishing genius, both with his cuisine and with the fraternal devotion of a big brother.’
    • ‘Sketching the plot of the film calls to mind any number of archetypal/hackneyed tales of fraternal rivalry, flight from danger, coming of age, and so on.’
    • ‘Here, he uses the metaphor of the moon to reflect the dark side of all human relations-this time, in a semi-autobiographical take on fraternal friction.’
    • ‘Looking down my list, it struck me that all of my chosen stories are about love in some of its myriad forms: romantic, fraternal, perverse, unrequited, frustrated, self-sacrificing and destructive.’
    • ‘But it never seemed to matter too much, because the films were so undeniably zany and the fraternal team was so outrageously screwy that none of that other stuff mattered.’
    • ‘Our disagreements are fraternal, and we support each other whenever there are judicial problems.’
    1. 1.1 Of or denoting an organization for people, especially men, that have common interests or beliefs.
      ‘a network of political clubs and fraternal organizations’
      • ‘Shortly before the Civil War, the fraternity regrouped and became the model for dozens of other fraternal organizations that enjoyed tremendous popularity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.’
      • ‘Oriental dress and regalia were adopted by fraternal organizations such as the Shriners, who wore fezzes and named their newly built Eastern style buildings after cities in Syrin, Iraq, and Egypt.’
      • ‘Examples of bonding social capital include ethnic fraternal organizations, church-based women's reading groups, and fashionable country clubs.’
      • ‘It is a fraternal order whose basic principles are philanthropy, truth and brotherly love.’
      • ‘They have organized themselves, however, through mutual aid societies as well as civic, educational, social, and fraternal organizations.’
      • ‘Silence has long been a tenet of mystery religions such as Wicca, as well as other fraternal organizations such as the Masons, or the Golden Dawn.’
      • ‘Around the same time, many lay Roman Catholic organizations were also founded; fraternal and social organizations were formed for men, women, workers, students, and other lay groups.’
      • ‘The armies and athletic teams and fraternal orders of the world have uniforms, flags, toasts, songs, music handed down from one generation to the next, all as reminders that others have gone this way before and succeeded.’
      • ‘This early form of communalism has been translated into today's world by the plethora of Polish American fraternal organizations.’
      • ‘Later, Romanian immigrants gathered at the headquarters of mutual aid societies and fraternal organizations where they discussed news from Romania, read or wrote letters, and sang religious or popular songs.’
      • ‘The project team recruited potential study participants by working with churches, community and fraternal organizations, funeral homes, African American businesses, and universities.’
      • ‘Risk tests will be distributed through a variety of community channels including social-service, faith-based, grass-roots and fraternal organizations and retail outlets.’
      • ‘This is evident both in their declining numbers, as well as in the decreasing number of their ethnic institutions, churches, cultural organizations, and fraternal organizations.’
      • ‘If you don't have access to employer-provided health care, join a fraternal or professional organization to get access to insurance at group rates.’
      • ‘It may be wiser to form into fraternal organizations, professional societies, and institutes of study than to continue with formal certification models.’
      • ‘While it is true that most fraternal organizations excluded blacks and women as full members, so too did the vast majority of political associations and labor unions during the same period.’
      • ‘These people were not allowed to join the fraternal organizations that had been previously established by and for white people, so they sought to form their own social organizations throughout the country.’
      • ‘It pointed to evidence of declining participation in a variety of civic arenas - politics, churches, labor unions, parent-teacher organizations and fraternal organizations.’
      • ‘The convenience sample was recruited from fraternal organizations, health fairs, and churches in a Midwestern community.’
      • ‘There has to be a recommitted partnership among colleges and universities, graduate chapters and regional/national officials of Black fraternal organizations to address this problem.’
  • 2(of twins) developed from separate ova and therefore genetically distinct and not necessarily of the same sex or more similar than other siblings.

    Compare with identical (sense 1)
    • ‘But some research suggests that parents, teachers, peers and others may treat identical twins more similarly than fraternal twins.’
    • ‘There are generally two different types of twins recognized, fraternal and identical.’
    • ‘Identical twins have the same genotype, while fraternal twins share on average only 50% of the same genes.’
    • ‘Ordinary siblings and fraternal twins have only 50 percent of their genes in common.’
    • ‘The disease occurs in 30% of identical twins but in only 5% of fraternal twins.’
    • ‘The fraternal twins had just turned two a week ago.’
    • ‘Some even thought of us as fraternal twins because I used to dress just like him and follow him around everywhere he went.’
    • ‘A study of identical and fraternal twins separated at birth and adopted into different families showed the same heritability.’
    • ‘The remaining two-thirds of twins are fraternal, resulting from two different eggs fertilized by two different sperm.’
    • ‘One particularly good test system with which to quantify disease heritability is a twin study, in which disease frequency is compared between cohorts of identical twins and fraternal twins.’
    • ‘Fifteen miles away, its fraternal twin, Ball's Pyramid, towers to a height of 1,811 feet, so sheer it seems two dimensional to the people in boats which pass in its shadow.’
    • ‘Heritability is usually measured by concordance between parents and children, or between identical and fraternal twins.’
    • ‘Fingerprints were in fact used to see whether twins were fraternal or identical.’
    • ‘The study found that the identical twins were more similar in personality traits than the fraternal twins.’
    • ‘Comparisons of identical and fraternal twins show that there is a strong genetic component to how people respond to lousy childhood environments.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from medieval Latin fraternalis, from Latin fraternus, from frater ‘brother’.

Pronunciation

fraternal

/frəˈtəːn(ə)l/