Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
French-speaking.‘a summit of francophone countries’
- ‘Cote d'Ivoire has traditionally had the strongest economy in francophone West Africa, a status built on its cocoa, coffee and rubber plantations.’
- ‘None the less, the continued divergence of opinion between anglophone and francophone voters on questions of language policy raises the possibility that this new party system may be very fragile.’
- ‘Two self-assessment benchmarks are used: the perceived language proficiency of francophone peers and the difficulty represented by specific everyday tasks in French.’
- ‘This suggests that if the conditions surrounding contact do matter, then the contact between anglophone and francophone Canadians that has taken place has occurred more often under favourable than under unfavourable conditions.’
- ‘Mathieu's special issue drew upon the works of anglophone and francophone faculty and students to present a variety of perspectives.’
- ‘She said it is not just language services francophone women wanted as a part of their health care needs, they also would like to see an understanding of their culture and tradition.’
- ‘Montreal's just a really big and fun city, it's easy to get to, but most importantly it's bilingual and we are trying to encourage more francophone membership.’
- ‘In Abidjan, Côte d' Ivoire, and other parts of francophone Africa, they are known as pharmacies par terre (roadside pharmacies).’
- ‘We wanted to expand our horizons a bit and include more francophone content.’
- ‘The population involved are black immigrants from francophone Africa, especially from Senegal, Mali, Mauritania and other francophone West African countries’
- ‘By commanding a different landscape, francophone organizers told a different story, one that highlighted their own history and relationship to the landscape.’
- ‘The skilful acting reaches beyond words, and it's a unique opportunity to appreciate one of the main assets of francophone theatre: its knack for emotion.’
- ‘The wealth of data he has researched and re-evaluated will certainly change the disciplinary approach to the origins of black francophone literature.’
- ‘There has been a definite increase in the number of young francophone girls at our shows.’
- ‘Those two lectures gave us the anglophone and francophone perspectives.’
- ‘The period up to 1970, then, can be described as one in which the Liberals were heavily dependent upon francophone voters and the Conservatives upon anglophones.’
- ‘It is also taught as a second language in francophone countries.’
- ‘Ideas of national unity and the ‘natural frontiers’ of France underlay these conquests, since they took over mostly francophone territories or pushed out to geographical boundaries such as the Rhine.’
- ‘Some of the research in the Montreal area is made possible because of the genetic uniqueness of Quebec's francophone population, where nearly 70 per cent of the current gene pool is derived from some 2,500 original founders.’
- ‘‘There are 51 francophone countries in the world and some of these will come together on March 22 to share with the people their cultures and expressions,’ say the organisers.’
A person who speaks French.
- ‘This is especially important in areas where francophones intermarry with anglophones and are incapable of transmitting the French language to their children.’
- ‘Tensions between francophones and anglophones have often driven the national political agenda in Canada.’
- ‘His students know nothing of Bulgaria and of the francophones around the world and this is a global problem to him.’
- ‘Of course, these figures can be explained in part by the unemployment and lack of attractive alternatives for young francophones in the job market.’
- ‘Rather it exists as a continuum, from long-established unilingual anglophones broadly similar to anglophones in Ontario through bilinguals of various kinds to francophones using English as a second language.’
- ‘As recruits were not categorized by language, no firm statistics exist, but estimates are that upwards of 150,000 francophones served, and served well.’
- ‘Despite the common portrayal of Canada's two major linguistic groups as ‘two solitudes,’ research shows that anglophones and francophones continue to hold similar values, distinct from those in the United States.’
- ‘Although Quebec is officially a unilingual province, many francophones none the less master English outside of the school system.’
- ‘They believe Anglo-Canadian nationalism excludes francophones, no matter where they live in Canada.’
- ‘Having lived in 10 Montreal boroughs or neighbourhoods since I was born, I can honestly say that Verdun is not only the most bilingual area on the island, but also the one in which francophones and anglophones get along the best.’
- ‘Considering North American population demographics, common sense would dictate that the need to speak English is greater for francophones than the need for anglophones to speak French.’
- ‘Few francophones managed to secure positions on the government's back benches; fewer still were elevated to the cabinet.’
- ‘It would also help unilingual francophones to function as unilinguals outside of Quebec, in so far as official bilingualism insures provision of government services in French.’
- ‘There are roughly the same number of francophones - or, more precisely, individuals who declare French as their mother-tongue - in Ontario.’
- ‘For both parties, francophones and anglophones disagree sharply on most ethno-linguistic matters.’
- ‘This strategy serves to maintain the boundaries between anglophones and francophones.’
- ‘In Quebec, however, francophones are a cultural and linguistic majority.’
- ‘But for many Québécois and francophones outside Quebec, Frenglish is the first symptom of language assimilation - especially if it's done unintentionally.’
- ‘There is always going to be a bit of separation between francophones and anglophones, but it's the love of this style of music that really unites people in the punk scene.’
- ‘I have none of the guilt that seems to plague many well-intentioned, but frustrated anglophones and francophones.’
Early 20th century: from Franco- ‘French’ + Greek phōnē ‘voice’.
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