Main definitions of founder in English

: founder1founder2founder3founder4

founder1

noun

  • A person who manufactures articles of cast metal; the owner or operator of a foundry.

    ‘an iron founder’
    • ‘But Mr Milner, director of Keighley iron founders Leach and Thompson, said there were dozens of examples of manufacturers in the district switching jobs overseas.’
    • ‘By 1840 business directories in New York City listed thirteen iron founders, and sixteen the following year.’

Origin

Middle English: probably from Old French fondeur, from fondre (see found).

Pronunciation:

founder

/ˈfaʊndə/

Main definitions of founder in English

: founder1founder2founder3founder4

founder2

noun

  • 1A person who establishes an institution or settlement.

    ‘he was the founder of modern Costa Rica’
    • ‘He was a founder member of many scientific establishments, including the Paediatric Pathology Society and the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida.’
    • ‘The names of the founders of some other, specific religious groups can often be found in the main statistical database, although that is not the purpose of that database.’
    • ‘She was determined that ‘never again’ should families go through the same ordeal and became a founder member and national coordinator of the National Committee Relating to Organ Retention.’
    • ‘Theresa Merritt, one of the founder members, said: ‘At the moment we have ten ladies who train regularly every week.’’
    • ‘Plenty of the founder members couldn't make it this close to Christmas, so January's event may well be larger.’
    • ‘However, the director admits that as a founder member of the theatre's company, appearing in over 20 productions, it's nice to come full circle and give something back to the theatre where his career began.’
    • ‘The 16 founder members decided it made better sense to bury their differences in the area of staff training and promotion of careers in the sector rather than continue the zero-sum game of poaching talent from each other.’
    • ‘A founder member of the Rochdale Art Society, Donald Taylor was very well known for oil and watercolour landscapes, mainly depicting the Lake District, the Pennines, the Yorkshire Dales and Whitby.’
    • ‘When the 11 founder members of the euro fused their currencies in January 1999, European policymakers promised they were launching an economic powerhouse on the world to rival America.’
    • ‘He was also a founder member of Clonmore Development Association, being its first chairman.’
    • ‘He played table tennis, tennis and cricket, and was one of the founder members of Western Athletics Club when it was established in the late 1970s.’
    • ‘Archaeologists say they have unearthed Lupercale - the sacred cave where, according to legend, a she-wolf nursed the twin founders of Rome and where the city itself was born.’
    • ‘The group founders set the original rules, but they can be changed by vote of the active PMC members.’
    • ‘And they were the original founder members of the European Community - a team of six which includes France, but not Britain.’
    • ‘The founder member of a branch of an army organisation has been commemorated with a donation towards cancer research.’
    • ‘However, the term is nothing more than ‘a marketing idea used to sell books,’ Slashdot founder Rob Malda believes.’
    • ‘A founder member of the original Bradford Festival committee, Dusty Rhodes, is now leading the Reclaim Bradford Festival campaign to bring the organisation back to local people.’
    • ‘But already the founders have established two key areas of need - including facilities for young people.’
    • ‘We usually invest $6000n in each company, where n is the number of participating founders.’
    • ‘Wilks was a founder member of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics.’
    originator, creator, initiator, institutor, instigator, organizer, father, founding father, prime mover, architect, engineer, designer, deviser, developer, pioneer, author, planner, framer, inventor, mastermind, maker, producer, builder, constructor
    begetter
    establisher
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Zoology
      An animal, especially a fertilized female insect, that founds a new colony.
      • ‘The biggest risk is that almost the entire population is the product of as few as three stallions from the founder group.’
      • ‘Differences in the PRKAG3 gene sequences of the founder animals of the intercross were analyzed.’
      • ‘The founder flies of the colony originated from Gainesville.’
      • ‘Fish exposed to founders trained to take the long route will only exhibit a tendency to take that route when swimming in a shoal.’
      • ‘As the founder female had been inseminated before collection, the flies used in this study can be regarded as a random sample from the wild.’

Pronunciation:

founder

/ˈfaʊndə/

Main definitions of founder in English

: founder1founder2founder3founder4

founder3

verb

  • 1[no object, with adverbial] (of a ship) fill with water and sink.

    ‘six drowned when the yacht foundered off the Cornish coast’
    • ‘The Sydney, with superior speed and firepower, raked the German ship, which limped to North Keeling where she foundered on the reef.’
    • ‘So many ships have foundered along this coast, driven onto its reefs by storms or lured there by wreckers' lights, that pieces from Spanish galleons still wash up with the tide.’
    • ‘A letter written by a Titanic passenger who left the ship before it foundered on its maiden voyage was sold for £13,000 at a Yorkshire auction yesterday.’
    • ‘The South Island was formed, they say, when a canoe full of 150 gods foundered on a reef.’
    • ‘It is assumed that the vessel foundered in an instant but violent storm.’
    • ‘Twenty Armada ships were to founder on the Irish rocks.’
    • ‘If it is not covered, the boat will founder in this tempest, and the ocean will summarily swallow the sailors and their dream.’
    • ‘But before long the boat foundered on a sand-bank and all we could do was wait for the tide.’
    • ‘The worst-case scenario is that his ship will founder and spill its load of heavy fuel into the ocean.’
    • ‘In 1629, the Dutch ship Batavia foundered off the coast of Western Australia.’
    • ‘Nearly a century later, sledding down the Horton, Vilhjalmur Stefansson learned of the Titanic's sinking a full three months and ten days after the ocean liner had foundered in the North Atlantic.’
    • ‘The vessel foundered at around 3pm but, unusually, the plane failed to conduct the scheduled afternoon flight.’
    • ‘Barshef says the ships around him all foundered.’
    • ‘The collector, who does not want to be named, told the Sunday Herald that despite checking with Titanic societies in the US and the UK, no other documents had been found stating that the ship could not founder.’
    • ‘The subject is an Afro-Brazilian sailor who saved many lives when his ship foundered along the coast of Brazil.’
    • ‘Some twenty Spanish ships foundered on the west coast.’
    • ‘When a small boat foundered in the seas to the north of Australia and its passengers were rescued by the MV Tampa, the ship came to symbolise this choice between control and chaos.’
    • ‘That the Prime Minister's ship almost foundered on that ‘rock’ appears to have made little difference.’
    • ‘In 1822 the Tek Sing foundered on a reef off the Java coast and sank within minutes.’
    • ‘Rather than asking why the ship foundered, Howell investigates how this maritime disaster acquired wider cultural and social significance in the years before World War I.’
    sink, go to the bottom, go down, be lost at sea, submerge, capsize, run aground, be swamped
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of a plan or undertaking) fail or break down as a result of a particular problem.
      ‘the talks foundered on the issue of reform’
      • ‘So our revolution continues, and our ideals must struggle against the human tendencies and the social forces that would cause our experiment to founder and fail.’
      • ‘Negotiations, already a year behind schedule, have foundered on divisions between rich and poor nations.’
      • ‘Members of the GMB union at the plant had called out their members on a 24-hour strike after negotiations with management over this year's pay round foundered on a proposed productivity deal.’
      • ‘This plan foundered more through the sheer impracticability of the proposals than obstruction by officials.’
      • ‘Attempts to introduce a new price structure have foundered on the implacable opposition of Norwegian-controlled companies.’
      • ‘A French and German proposal foundered last year on precisely the same issue.’
      • ‘If the current negotiations over a grand coalition should founder, these plans could be quickly revived.’
      • ‘They mention three controversial proposals that allegedly foundered on contributors' influence.’
      • ‘The association suggested the appointment of a further commissioner from a panel representing bus users but the proposal foundered in the absence of more general support.’
      • ‘The scheme soon foundered, being rejected by the colonial Premiers when they gathered in London for the two Colonial Conferences of 1887 and 1897.’
      • ‘In Scotland, the risky strategy could founder on the traditional perils of the nation's health bureaucracy.’
      • ‘Throughout the 1990s, under the previous administration - which is no longer giving support to this moratorium - those proposals foundered.’
      • ‘The socialists had an egalitarian dream, the achievement of which inevitably foundered under their managerial inexperience and the unyielding zeal of their convictions.’
      • ‘But both proposals foundered because of the difficulties in finding groups prepared to donate £2m.’
      • ‘An attempted comeback last year foundered when he failed again to secure a place on the Tour, and in June he booked himself into a clinic that specialised in depression and drug addiction.’
      • ‘Although several individuals had been keen to buy the house, their plans always foundered when he questioned whether they had the financial resources to carry the project through.’
      • ‘Nothing, of course, came of this, as his proposals foundered on the rock-like conservatism of his profession.’
      • ‘And if shareholders believe a board is biased toward the interests of management, a buyout proposal can quickly founder.’
      • ‘But the plan foundered when the owner refused to enter into any discussions and the council was unable to make any progress.’
      • ‘In the mass mobilisation wars of the 20th century, several public health plans that had foundered for lack of public support in peace time came to seem necessary for the war effort.’
  • 2[no object] (of a horse or its rider) stumble or fall from exhaustion, lameness, etc.

    ‘some of their horses foundered and damaged themselves in the stones of the riverbed’
    • ‘My mother was an orphan hedgewitch, healer, and midwife of small means until one of my father's horses foundered nearly on her doorstep.’
    • ‘Only a few months later, the handsome sorrel foundered and his bid for a World Championship ended.’
    • ‘The pony, who is locked up so he won't founder, started galloping up and down the fenceline when I switched on the light.’
    stumble, trip, trip up, lose one's balance, lose one's footing, miss one's footing, slip, pitch, stagger, lurch, totter, fall, fall down, fall over, fall headlong, tumble, topple, sprawl, go lame, collapse
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1North American (of a hoofed animal, especially a horse or pony) succumb to laminitis.
      • ‘Keep donkeys off the sweet feed and grain, as they can founder and develop laminitis just as horses do.’
      • ‘Don't feed straight corn, because goats will founder and have hoof problems, Finch advised.’
      • ‘Recently, he foundered in his left fore, which was very acute.’

noun

North american
  • [mass noun] Laminitis in horses, ponies, or other hoofed animals.

    • ‘Rapid intakes of highly fermentable diets that occur with meal-eating behavior may cause feed-related metabolic disorders such as acidosis, founder, and bloat.’
    • ‘Some of the losses have been associated with management errors, including not providing transition time, founder, and hauling water in fertilizer tanks.’

Usage

It is easy to confuse the words founder and flounder, not only because they sound similar but also because the contexts in which they are used tend to overlap. Founder means, in its general and extended use, ‘fail or come to nothing’, as in the scheme foundered because of lack of organizational backing. Flounder, on the other hand, means ‘struggle; be in a state of confusion’, as in new recruits floundering about in their first week

Origin

Middle English (in the sense ‘knock to the ground’): from Old French fondrer, esfondrer submerge, collapse, based on Latin fundus bottom, base.

Pronunciation:

founder

/ˈfaʊndə/

Main definitions of founder in English

: founder1founder2founder3founder4

founder4

verb

[WITH OBJECT]Irish
  • Make (someone) very cold.

    ‘it would founder you out there’
    ‘get a fire lit, I'm foundered’
    • ‘The foundered journalists standing for around two hours outside were imagining the headlines.’
    • ‘I have many memories of being foundered on that windswept strand in the name of family holiday time.’
    • ‘Could you put some heat through the place? It would founder you.’
    • ‘We're rehearsing in a freezing cold old shirt factory and I'm foundered.’
    • ‘I was permanently foundered, wearing thermals in and out of bed.’
    • ‘A child returning from playing outdoors in the cold, would be told, "Sit down there and warm yourself. You're foundered".’
    • ‘The band will doubtless be foundered in the crisp November air.’
    • ‘It would founder you; there's goin' to be a frost.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from founder, influenced by obsolete found ‘to chill or numb with cold’.

Pronunciation:

founder

/ˈfaʊndə/