Definition of fortification in English:

fortification

noun

  • 1A defensive wall or other reinforcement built to strengthen a place against attack.

    ‘the building and maintenance of fortifications’
    ‘a medieval fortification’
    • ‘This timeframe would be used to bolster beach fortifications and supply depots.’
    • ‘Over the next few years, millions of tons of cement and steel were used to build defensive fortifications.’
    • ‘It proved to be a Bronze Age culture, its economy well developed and prosperous but with no defensive fortifications to protect it.’
    • ‘Although fixed fortifications can deter assault, they have one exploitable weakness: their immobility.’
    • ‘Furthermore, illegal fortifications violate the DMZ virtually to the centerline.’
    • ‘They scurried to plant batteries, dig trenches and strengthen their fortifications.’
    • ‘When I was a kid, high walled fortifications were virtually impenetrable to infantry or cavalry.’
    • ‘Probably most agricultural societies in world history built defensive fortifications of wood.’
    • ‘His fieldwork has spanned the millennia - from Stone Age remains in Scotland to Second World War fortifications.’
    • ‘The wall is part of the castle fortifications and if the weather is warm enough to use the terrace you can hear the piper on the ramparts.’
    • ‘His fortifications at Bunker Hill set a standard of service for engineers that continues to this day.’
    • ‘Mortars were originally developed for siege warfare to lob munitions over walls and other fortifications.’
    • ‘He did so, promptly, blasting his way through any walls or fortifications he came across.’
    • ‘However, the very lack of distance had been identified by the Germans and they had built massive fortifications all around the area.’
    • ‘He built and strengthened fortifications on the coast with a view to protecting the outer flank of the State from invasions from the sea.’
    • ‘In the early 920s Edward the Elder recovered the town, and built fortifications and a connecting bridge.’
    • ‘There are also remains of old castles and medieval fortifications and magnificent examples of rural homesteads.’
    • ‘Improved protective designs for field fortifications and base camps have been developed for field forces.’
    • ‘It was built about 1370 as part of the fortifications on the east wall of the city.’
    • ‘The fortifications surrounding the wall will be some 100 metres wide.’
    rampart, defensive wall, defences, bulwark, palisade, stockade, redoubt, earthwork, outwork, bastion, parapet, battlement, blockhouse, barricade, buttress, stronghold
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    1. 1.1mass noun The action of fortifying or process of being fortified.
      ‘the fortification of the frontiers’
      • ‘Where dietary and food processing conditions are favourable, fortification can be effective quickly and at low cost.’
      • ‘In some measure, this attitude to fortification reflected the contemporary state of military engineering art in the West and Russia.’
      • ‘Not about to sit by idly as other categories steal their calcium franchise, dairy processors have turned to fortification to recapture share of stomach.’
      • ‘Such a position could solve the choice issue, but this strategy has not proved effective for fortification.’
      • ‘The case for promoting fortification of foods with zinc in developing countries may seem strong, but experience of how best to do it is limited and it may not be a suitable approach in many countries.’
      • ‘The folic acid could be taken as tablets by high risk patients, and possibly supplied to the general public through food fortification or a combination of both.’
      • ‘Because up to one half of pregnancies are unplanned and neural tube defects often occur before many women are aware that they are pregnant, food fortification is particularly important.’
      • ‘Current recommendations for general food fortification likely will benefit only older children and adults who consume sufficient quantities of these foods.’
      • ‘We battled for folic acid fortification - and we won!’
      • ‘Nonetheless, the abundant forests of Russia and New Zealand had a greater impact on war and fortification than war and fortification had upon the forests.’
      • ‘Consequently, many army and navy officers urged improvements in U.S. armaments and urged a program of new coastal fortification.’
      • ‘In the past, nutrition programs for iron fortification and the ingestion of iron preparations have been widely practiced because of the seriousness of worldwide iron deficiency.’
      • ‘Despite all of the attention currently focused on low-carb and fortification in the dairy sector, some consumers still want their milk and ice cream without all the nips and tucks.’
      • ‘By providing increased firepower, it both made fortification more difficult, and undermined the power of cavalry.’
      • ‘A much more realistic option is to start with soup, and if you need a little more fortification, slug some brandy into your coffee.’
      • ‘The fortification process simply restores the product to its original healthy profile.’
      • ‘Using survey data, ARS researchers examine diets as a factor in select diseases and help public policy officials make decisions about food safety and food fortification.’
      • ‘Each category within the industry markets its items to one population segment or another, whether through flavor variety, nutritional fortification or manner of use.’
      • ‘However, she believes that challenges emerge when processors attempt to move beyond such basic fortification.’
      • ‘Burrington believes consumers have an interest in seeing fortification, in general, across the dairy sector.’
      strengthening, reinforcement, consolidation, shoring up, bracing, boosting, buttressing, toughening
      strengthening, reinforcement, bolstering, stiffening, supplementing, augmenting
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: via French from late Latin fortificatio(n-), from fortificare (see fortify).

Pronunciation

fortification

/ˌfɔːtɪfɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/