Definition of fluxion in English:



  • A function corresponding to the rate of change of a variable quantity; a derivative.

    • ‘For Newton integration consisted of finding fluents for a given fluxion so the fact that integration and differentiation were inverses was implied.’
    • ‘I still must assert that this discovery appears to me to be as important for the middle of the nineteenth century as the discovery of fluxions [the calculus] was for the close of the seventeenth.’
    • ‘Leibniz demanded a retraction saying that he had never heard of the calculus of fluxions until he had read the works of Wallis.’
    • ‘He integrated Leibniz's differential calculus and Newton's method of fluxions into mathematical analysis.’
    • ‘He calls the quantity generated by a motion a fluent, and its rate of generation a fluxion.’


Late 17th century: from French, or from Latin flux- ‘flowed’, from the verb fluere.