Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A compound of fluorine with another element or group, especially salt of the anion F− or an organic compound with fluorine bonded to an alkyl group.
- ‘What Sanpaolesi had aimed to do was to consolidate the deteriorated surface of the marble by forming a layer of calcium, zinc and magnesium fluorides and silica gel on the marble surface.’
- ‘Highly substituted alkyl fluorides, perfluoroalkanes, are now used as artificial blood substitutes because of their oxygen transporting properties.’
- ‘Aluminum is derived in a process that produces air pollutants (e.g., particulates and gaseous fluorides, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter).’
- ‘Fluxes containing fluorides, chlorides, silica, and borax provide both covering and cleaning, along with the ability to dissolve and collect these objectionable oxide skins.’
- ‘Many elements form fluorides, however, that cannot be labeled covalent or ionic; these halides exhibit the characteristics of polymeric compounds.’
2[mass noun] Sodium fluoride or another fluorine-containing salt added to water supplies or toothpaste in order to reduce tooth decay.
- ‘AN MP claims the government's backing for putting fluoride in water supplies could be a recipe for murder - with a cup of tea.’
- ‘Peers voted in favour of smoothing the way for water companies to put fluoride in their supplies when the Bill was debated in the Lords during the summer.’
- ‘The Minister for Health is dosing our tap water with chemical fluoride to supposedly give us better teeth.’
- ‘However, in the mid-1990s, it began to question the wisdom of putting fluoride in the water supply.’
- ‘A study of 25 popular brands of bottled water found that they were unlikely to contain enough fluoride to protect children's teeth.’
- ‘The company is capable of adding fluoride to water supplies, but does not want to have to make the decision whether to or not.’
- ‘The undersigned strongly support the introduction fluoride into the water supply at the earliest possible opportunity.’
- ‘Humberside Area Health Authority was to investigate the possibility of introducing fluoride into all water supplies in the county.’
- ‘Request local water company to supply water with optimum fluoride level.’
- ‘Use fluoride toothpaste as fluoride makes teeth stronger and more resistant to acid attacks.’
- ‘There is overwhelming evidence that fluoride can substantially reduce tooth decay.’
- ‘Children with fissure sealants still need to brush their teeth with fluoride toothpaste.’
- ‘Both dentists and scientists agree adding fluoride to the water supply is a safe, effective way to help protect teeth, especially young teeth.’
- ‘A ‘yes’ vote would allow health authorities to make water companies add fluoride to supplies in areas where it is supported.’
- ‘Lancaster City Council heard that water companies could be forced to add fluoride to drinking supplies under moves to prevent tooth decay.’
- ‘You may have heard that the addition of fluoride to the water supply is dangerous and damaging.’
- ‘Some weeks ago we learned that a vote in Parliament had found two of our members in favour of adding fluoride to our water supply and one against.’
- ‘The only way to discover whether people wanted fluoride in their water supplies was to hold mini referendums on the issue, he claimed.’
- ‘Like all the other dentists, Lester had learnt in dental school that fluoride reduces tooth decay.’
- ‘Authority members backed the plan but after months of talks Yorkshire Water decided against adding fluoride to supplies.’
Early 19th century: from fluorine + -ide.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.