Main definitions of flagellate in English

: flagellate1flagellate2

flagellate1

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Flog (someone), either as a religious discipline or for sexual gratification.

    ‘he flagellated himself with branches’
    • ‘Blood flows freely as Jesus Christ is flagellated by Roman soldiers and the scenes of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ are, indeed, not pleasant viewing.’
    • ‘If ever he forgets to pray one night, the next morning he is sure to punish himself appropriately by flagellating himself for one hour for every consecutive night that he missed.’
    • ‘Henry showed his sorrow for Becket's death by having him-self flagellated by 70 monks in Canterbury cathedral.’
    • ‘She was often biting and hitting Crystal; she was handcuffing her and flagellating her to the point of bleeding.’
    • ‘Constantly flagellating him, or yourself, is not going to create the relationship of love you want to be in.’
    flog, whip, beat, scourge, lash, birch, switch, tan, strap, belt, cane, thrash, leather, flail, flay, welt, horsewhip, tan someone's hide, whip someone's hide, give someone a hiding, strike, hit, spank
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin flagellat- ‘whipped’, from flagellare.

Pronunciation

flagellate

/ˈfladʒ(ə)leɪt/

Main definitions of flagellate in English

: flagellate1flagellate2

flagellate2

noun

Zoology
  • A protozoan that has one or more flagella used for swimming.

    • ‘Some of the critters, including members of two major protist groups - the whip-tailed flagellates and hairy ciliates - harbor bacteria internally.’
    • ‘In addition to the protozoan in Figure 1.6, several other types were found, including amoebae, other flagellates and ciliates.’
    • ‘The green flagellates known as ‘the volvocine algae’ constitute a happy exception to this general rule.’
    • ‘About 100 additional tubes developed greenish precipitates which, after inspection under the light microscope, turned out to be bacteria, dinoflagellates, diatoms, or green flagellates.’
    • ‘This amoeba is surrounded by fungi like the other protozoa examined, but the separation between the amoeba's cell membrane and the fungi is much narrower than with flagellates and ciliates.’

adjective

Zoology
  • (of a cell or single-celled organism) bearing one or more flagella.

    ‘motile flagellate cells’
    • ‘Only one study has examined the importance of sperm length for sperm competition success in a species with more typical flagellate sperm.’
    • ‘This type of screen is biased toward reversion events that result in a high percentage of flagellate cells.’
    • ‘On the basis of this information it has been proposed that the earliest metazoans were probably wormlike organisms, similar to the larvae of modern cnidarians and developed from flagellate protists.’
    • ‘Figure 1.6 shows a flagellate protozoan and a flagellar pocket in detail (open arrow).’
    • ‘These data indicate that the jakobids are most similar to an interesting collection of other flagellate groups that possess suspension feeding grooves.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from flagellum + -ate.

Pronunciation

flagellate

/ˈfladʒ(ə)lət//ˈfladʒ(ə)leɪt/