Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
Flog (someone), either as a religious discipline or for sexual gratification:‘he flagellated himself with branches’
flog, whip, beat, scourge, lash, birch, switch, tan, strap, belt, cane, thrash, leather, flail, flay, welt, horsewhip, tan someone's hide, whip someone's hide, give someone a hiding, strike, hit, spankbeat the living daylights out ofView synonyms
- ‘If ever he forgets to pray one night, the next morning he is sure to punish himself appropriately by flagellating himself for one hour for every consecutive night that he missed.’
- ‘Blood flows freely as Jesus Christ is flagellated by Roman soldiers and the scenes of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ are, indeed, not pleasant viewing.’
- ‘She was often biting and hitting Crystal; she was handcuffing her and flagellating her to the point of bleeding.’
- ‘Henry showed his sorrow for Becket's death by having him-self flagellated by 70 monks in Canterbury cathedral.’
- ‘Constantly flagellating him, or yourself, is not going to create the relationship of love you want to be in.’
Early 17th century: from Latin flagellat- whipped, from flagellare.
A protozoan that has one or more flagella used for swimming.
- ‘The green flagellates known as ‘the volvocine algae’ constitute a happy exception to this general rule.’
- ‘In addition to the protozoan in Figure 1.6, several other types were found, including amoebae, other flagellates and ciliates.’
- ‘Some of the critters, including members of two major protist groups - the whip-tailed flagellates and hairy ciliates - harbor bacteria internally.’
- ‘About 100 additional tubes developed greenish precipitates which, after inspection under the light microscope, turned out to be bacteria, dinoflagellates, diatoms, or green flagellates.’
- ‘This amoeba is surrounded by fungi like the other protozoa examined, but the separation between the amoeba's cell membrane and the fungi is much narrower than with flagellates and ciliates.’
(of a cell or single-celled organism) bearing one or more flagella:‘motile flagellate cells’
- ‘Figure 1.6 shows a flagellate protozoan and a flagellar pocket in detail (open arrow).’
- ‘On the basis of this information it has been proposed that the earliest metazoans were probably wormlike organisms, similar to the larvae of modern cnidarians and developed from flagellate protists.’
- ‘This type of screen is biased toward reversion events that result in a high percentage of flagellate cells.’
- ‘Only one study has examined the importance of sperm length for sperm competition success in a species with more typical flagellate sperm.’
- ‘These data indicate that the jakobids are most similar to an interesting collection of other flagellate groups that possess suspension feeding grooves.’
Mid 19th century: from flagellum + -ate.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.