One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Flog (someone), either as a religious discipline or for sexual gratification.‘he flagellated himself with branches’
flog, whip, beat, scourge, lash, birch, switch, tan, strap, belt, cane, thrash, leather, flail, flay, welt, horsewhip, tan someone's hide, whip someone's hide, give someone a hiding, strike, hit, spankView synonyms
- ‘She was often biting and hitting Crystal; she was handcuffing her and flagellating her to the point of bleeding.’
- ‘Constantly flagellating him, or yourself, is not going to create the relationship of love you want to be in.’
- ‘If ever he forgets to pray one night, the next morning he is sure to punish himself appropriately by flagellating himself for one hour for every consecutive night that he missed.’
- ‘Blood flows freely as Jesus Christ is flagellated by Roman soldiers and the scenes of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ are, indeed, not pleasant viewing.’
- ‘Henry showed his sorrow for Becket's death by having him-self flagellated by 70 monks in Canterbury cathedral.’
Early 17th century: from Latin flagellat- ‘whipped’, from flagellare.
A protozoan that has one or more flagella used for swimming.
Several phyla in the kingdom Protista (formerly subphylum Mastigophora, phylum Protozoa), including forms such as euglena that are sometimes regarded as algae
- ‘In addition to the protozoan in Figure 1.6, several other types were found, including amoebae, other flagellates and ciliates.’
- ‘Some of the critters, including members of two major protist groups - the whip-tailed flagellates and hairy ciliates - harbor bacteria internally.’
- ‘This amoeba is surrounded by fungi like the other protozoa examined, but the separation between the amoeba's cell membrane and the fungi is much narrower than with flagellates and ciliates.’
- ‘The green flagellates known as ‘the volvocine algae’ constitute a happy exception to this general rule.’
- ‘About 100 additional tubes developed greenish precipitates which, after inspection under the light microscope, turned out to be bacteria, dinoflagellates, diatoms, or green flagellates.’
(of a cell or single-celled organism) bearing one or more flagella.‘motile flagellate cells’
- ‘Figure 1.6 shows a flagellate protozoan and a flagellar pocket in detail (open arrow).’
- ‘On the basis of this information it has been proposed that the earliest metazoans were probably wormlike organisms, similar to the larvae of modern cnidarians and developed from flagellate protists.’
- ‘Only one study has examined the importance of sperm length for sperm competition success in a species with more typical flagellate sperm.’
- ‘These data indicate that the jakobids are most similar to an interesting collection of other flagellate groups that possess suspension feeding grooves.’
- ‘This type of screen is biased toward reversion events that result in a high percentage of flagellate cells.’
Mid 19th century: from flagellum + -ate.
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