Definition of fiscal in English:



  • 1Relating to government revenue, especially taxes.

    ‘monetary and fiscal policy’
    • ‘So if the UK reacts differently to changes in the world economy from the rest of the eurozone, the only lever left to stabilise the economy is fiscal policy.’
    • ‘Its causes may have little to do with monetary or fiscal policy being too tight.’
    • ‘Controlling both expenditures and revenues is fiscal prudence, something you promised.’
    • ‘The problem is that there are two major levers on the economy: monetary policy, to do with the money supply, and fiscal policy, to do with how much the government spends.’
    • ‘In the 1980s the hike was caused by our domestic policies, as both monetary and fiscal policy pushed up the exchange rate.’
    • ‘Governments which pursue monetary and fiscal policies which are not seen to be sustainable in the long-term are punished hard these days - and much more rapidly than 30 or 40 years ago.’
    • ‘A recent study by the US General Accounting Office tells us that in 1949, 47 per cent of all fiscal revenues were collected from corporations.’
    • ‘Persistent revenue shortfalls and growing fiscal pressures create the need to seek and find alternative measures of meeting the demands on the public budget.’
    • ‘The government has a fiscal revenue projection of a billion dollars.’
    • ‘But it is precisely because Britain must be globally competitive that we need to maintain control of our currency, monetary policy and fiscal policy.’
    • ‘Revenue and fiscal deficits were projected at 2.9 and 4.4 per cent for 2004-05.’
    • ‘The upgrade reflects the country's bright economic prospects and prudent fiscal policies.’
    • ‘It must also continue to adopt monetary and fiscal policies for solving economic problems.’
    • ‘The rating reflects the Government's record of prudent economic and fiscal policies in the face of substantial structural challenges.’
    • ‘With weak economic growth squeezing fiscal revenues, he was forced to announce a sharp increase in public borrowing in November.’
    • ‘This year, thanks to rising revenues and wise fiscal policy, the deficit was $108 billion less than expected.’
    • ‘Economic instability is caused by poor monetary and fiscal policies of a country.’
    • ‘This has resulted in lower government revenue and a larger fiscal deficit.’
    • ‘A lot would depend on U.S. policy, not just monetary but fiscal policy.’
    • ‘At the same time, Beijing has also lost flexibility in pursuing fiscal policy due to its loss of revenues from provincial authorities.’
    tax, budgetary, revenue
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    1. 1.1North American Relating to financial matters.
      ‘the domestic fiscal crisis’
      • ‘He cannot be extradited to Britain because of an Anglo-Irish agreement that rules suspects in fiscal matters are not subject to extradition.’
      • ‘It also recognizes ‘the rights of the Catholic Church in economic, legal and fiscal matters.’’
      • ‘The state budget fell for the first time since the fiscal crises of the 1970s.’
      • ‘This crowd literally doesn't have a clue when it comes to fiscal matters.’
      • ‘He then listed the consequences of failing to address ‘the looming fiscal crisis in Social Security.’’
      • ‘That's an impossibility given the state's fiscal crisis.’
      • ‘In the past, it was unheard of to discuss fiscal matters pertaining to security wings.’
      • ‘Our finance people, for example, are expert in fiscal matters, but we tend to forget that it takes more than a bottom line to make the bottom line.’
      • ‘Secondly, if you look at his record, it has been very good on fiscal matters.’
      • ‘That combination - a cyclical economy and high fixed costs - virtually guarantees a fiscal crisis during an economic slowdown.’
      • ‘He will meet with students, educators and administrators during the month of November to discuss fiscal matters.’
      • ‘I believe in equality of opportunity, not just for fiscal matters but for matters of the heart.’
      • ‘There is so much emphasis today on budgeting, investments, fiscal and financial matters, both public and private.’
      • ‘And this is so even though two of the founding members, France and Germany, have frequently themselves been in breach of the rules, particularly in fiscal matters.’
      • ‘So the strong fiscal and monetary stimulus is a positive for gold investors.’
      financial, monetary, pecuniary, budgetary, commercial, trade, mercantile
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    2. 1.2North American Denoting a financial year.
      ‘the budget deficit for fiscal 1996’
      • ‘It closed fiscal 2002 with enough cash per share to cover 82% of its stock price.’
      • ‘The cuts will come on top of a tough fiscal 2005 budget that held government programs outside of homeland security and defense to an average 1 percent increase.’
      • ‘India crossed the 100-million telephone subscribers-mark in the current fiscal 2005-06 in May.’
      • ‘According to the company, Q3 and Q4 are scene-setters for a barnstorming fiscal 2003.’


  • 1archaic A legal or treasury official in some countries.

    • ‘As early as 1711, an Oberfiscal was appointed aided by a staff of fiscals who had to be secret appointments as they had the task of checking the honesty and integrity of government officials.’
    1. 1.1Scottish
      • ‘Police, fiscals and judges can all exercise discretion over who to prosecute.’
      • ‘A Scottish fiscal is teaching trial techniques to Moldovan lawyers.’
      • ‘And the police will sometimes tell you they are asked by fiscals for information which isn't necessary.’
      • ‘An extra £20m investment has paid for another 56 lawyers and 160 backroom staff, easing the pressure and giving fiscals more time to lift their heads and speak to police.’
      • ‘The Procurator Fiscal in Edinburgh is taking steps to ensure that all temporary fiscals are fully aware of, and follow, the correct procedures.’
  • 2An African shrike (songbird) with black-and-white plumage.

    Genus Lanius, family Laniidae: several species


Mid 16th century: from French, or from Latin fiscalis, from fiscus ‘purse, treasury’ (see fisc).