Definition of Finno-Ugric in English:


(also Finno-Ugrian)


  • Relating to the major group of Uralic languages, which includes Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian (Magyar), and several north central Asian languages.

    • ‘But, whereas Estonian belongs to the Finno-Ugric group, Latvian and Lithuanian are rarities, sole survivors of an ancient group, closely related to Sanskrit within the Indo-European family of languages.’
    • ‘Hungarian belongs to the Ugor branch of the Finno-Ugric language family.’
    • ‘The Estonian language is a branch of the Baltic-Finnish group of the Finno-Ugric family, related to Finnish.’
    • ‘His father Nikolas Anderson was professor of Finno-Ugric languages at the University of Kazan.’
    • ‘He corresponded widely with other linguistic experts seeking the elusive possibility of non-Aryan influences, and maintained a special interest in Basque and the Finno-Ugric languages.’


mass noun
  • The Finno-Ugric group of languages.

    • ‘All Baltic people are genetically very close to Estonians and they spoke Finno-Ugric before they switched to Indo-European languages.’
    • ‘Tolkien was said to have used Finno-Ugric as the basis for Quenya, the 'high Elvish' tongue he invented for his Lord of the Rings novels.’
    • ‘Finnish is an example of the language group known as Finno-Ugric.’
    • ‘Those who spoke Swedish used a form known as Finland-Swedish; those who spoke Finnish used a non-Indo-European language, part of a small language group known as Finno-Ugric.’