Definition of finance in English:


Pronunciation: /fʌɪˈnans//ˈfʌɪnans//fɪˈnans/


  • 1[mass noun] The management of large amounts of money, especially by governments or large companies.

    [as modifier] ‘the firm's finance department’
    • ‘The resulting entity became known as Kerry Group, and he became its finance director.’
    • ‘The firings will affect all areas, including the company's corporate finance and stockbroking arms.’
    • ‘The court argued that someone working in the government finance ministry could not possibly be subject to persecution.’
    • ‘The event is being billed as a must for those raising funding and for those in the corporate finance business.’
    • ‘Offshore finance centres have been subjected to increased criticism over recent years.’
    • ‘I am not fully convinced that the designated finance minister is up to the task and she has a lot to prove still.’
    • ‘The problem stems from a change in the way public finance is handled.’
    • ‘The finance department has also been developed to meet the needs of the bigger merged company.’
    • ‘The corporate finance sector in Ireland will continue to experience a flight to quality.’
    • ‘Whether, say, joint degrees in economics and finance are covered by the data is unknown.’
    • ‘"There are mixed signs," said the finance chief of an Irish multinational.’
    • ‘Of course, using an advisor will always cost you money - in finance, there's no such thing as a free ride!’
    • ‘The last few decades have witnessed many innovations in the consumer finance industry.’
    • ‘For a book about money, finance and the stock market, those sorts of numbers were previously unheard of.’
    • ‘Law announced ten days ago that the archdiocesan finance council had voted not to approve the deal.’
    • ‘The council of finance ministers cannot depart from the rules laid down by the treaty’
    • ‘Maybe some kind finance department official could sit him down and explain the fiscal facts of life.’
    • ‘I am the finance manager of a small consulting company in the aviation industry.’
    • ‘I've got our local government finance spokesman, David Cameron, coming up on May 20th.’
    • ‘Salaries will remain competitive in the banking, finance and accounting sectors.’
    financial affairs, money matters, pecuniary matters, fiscal matters, economics, money management, commerce, business, investment, banking, Accounting
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    1. 1.1Monetary support for an enterprise.
      ‘the clearing banks are important sources of finance’
      • ‘There are three possible sources of finance for a garden to match my delusions of grandeur.’
      • ‘A local source of finance is essential if local independence and accountability are to be maintained.’
      • ‘Most of the book makes sense for any old economy business seeking finance from external sources, too.’
      • ‘Peoples has been supported by a mix of debt and equity finance provided by Bank of Scotland.’
      • ‘In dealing with other potential sources of finance as arranger, the bank is acting as the borrower's agent.’
      • ‘The fund operates as a lender of last resort for businesses that cannot raise finance from another source.’
      • ‘The lotto is the club's main source of finance which is the lifeblood of the club's activities.’
      • ‘Quite unlike several other areas, finance for housing is said to have a tremendous future.’
      • ‘He is an incredibly able businessman who has an uncanny ability to tap into all possible sources of finance.’
      • ‘A recurring suggestion for raising finance for urban road projects was to charge for congestion.’
      • ‘It is easy to find private sector finance for an enterprise that guarantees profits for 25 years.’
      • ‘So I may know very little about cars and driving, but I know a fair amount about car finance and insurance!’
      • ‘To date it has been almost impossible to raise small amounts of finance to develop our business in the region.’
      • ‘A number of former managers at Intercontinental have also been trying to raise finance.’
      • ‘It is also important to identify the sources of finance for these projects.’
      • ‘However, the London stock market where it is such a powerful force is dwindling in importance as a source of company finance.’
      • ‘Boswell admitted he could have raised finance on the strength of several Scottish actors.’
      • ‘Now, the massive pool of global speculative finance has its sights on myriad markets and asset classes.’
      • ‘Nor has the bank any specific bargaining leverage, assuming Lincoln can obtain finance from an alternative source.’
      • ‘The first part of the puzzle that Doug sold me on was what was going on in mortgage finance.’
      funds, assets, money, capital, resources, cash, wealth, reserves, wherewithal, revenue, income, stock
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    2. 1.2The monetary resources and affairs of a state, organization, or person.
      ‘the club's finances are stretched to the limit’
      • ‘I mean, you know, you've got to get your finances in order.’
      • ‘Good governance and management of finances is surely key to keeping the debt crisis at bay.’
      • ‘In fact, if anything, that's a bit of a testament to my ability to manage finances.’
      • ‘As adults, we are simply expected to be able manage the household finances.’
      • ‘On Saturday, he said the crackdown was necessary to safeguarding the nation's finances and economy.’
      • ‘The next logical step was to put racing's finances on a permanent footing.’
      • ‘You can wreck the nation's finances, running up the largest deficit in history.’
      • ‘Recent months have seen signs of an improvement in the public finances.’
      • ‘Thinking on it now, it was probably his attempt to get his finances into control.’
      • ‘He found the state finances more precarious than central government finances.’
      • ‘Can John Hood, the university's new head, put its finances on a sound footing?’
      • ‘He said: "It was part of a restructuring of the club's finances."’
      • ‘However, the nation's finances remain under strain.’
      • ‘He suggested that primary schools could use some of their reserves to help their finances.’
      • ‘So now is the time for them to think about the best way to manage their finances.’
      • ‘They are there to provide advice to the general public on managing their finances.’
      • ‘He put the evidence about his political finances into the public domain.’
      • ‘Am I the only person who seems to be constantly behind with organising my finances?’
      • ‘I was reluctantly forced to sort out my personal finances with the BBC instead.’
      • ‘Of course you should be vigilant with your finances and budget carefully but hoarding money is not the answer.’
      cash, hard cash, ready money
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  • Provide funding for (a person or enterprise)

    ‘the health service is financed almost entirely by the taxpayer’
    • ‘The fund will be financed by the social security's health insurance system.’
    • ‘The two-year project is being financed by the Central Research Unit of the Scottish Executive.’
    • ‘Each acquisition is subject to regulatory approvals and financed by a mixture of cash and stock.’
    • ‘Thus, local taxpayers and baseball fans financed the entire cost of the stadium.’
    • ‘It will be financing such customers either directly or through its franchisee set up.’
    • ‘The capital flows that financed the US current account deficit were already beginning to dry up.’
    • ‘It was financed from funds specifically identified for teaching undergraduates and nurses.’
    • ‘The private sector, in fact Irish pension funds, could finance the entire project.’
    • ‘The proposed tax cuts, to be financed by the current budget surplus, might help.’
    • ‘One is that the money must go to projects not normally financed by the British taxpayer.’
    • ‘They are hoping to secure a deal with local companies to help finance it.’
    • ‘Britain is in the middle of an unprecedented and unsustainable consumer boom financed by cheap credit.’
    • ‘It has no debt, which means much of the development programme could be financed through project finance.’
    • ‘How many people have moved up the housing ladder financed by the proceeds of stock market gains?’
    • ‘Connolly has financed the venture through a combination of savings and bank loans.’
    • ‘For all you know, their lavish lifestyle may be financed by a string of debts.’
    • ‘The researchers were financed independently from the funding organisations.’
    • ‘Also, the government financed private sector lobbying for government defence contracts.’
    • ‘Thirdly, such an arrangement defeats the object of the typical transaction financed by a bank.’
    • ‘It's hard to do the former and very easy to do the latter especially if parents and grandparents are financing them.’
    fund, pay for, back, capitalize, provide capital for, provide security for, endow, subsidize, invest in
    underwrite, guarantee, furnish credit for, sponsor, act as guarantor of, support
    foot the bill for, pick up the tab for
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Late Middle English: from Old French, from finer make an end, settle a debt, from fin end (see fine). The original sense was ‘payment of a debt, compensation, or ransom’; later ‘taxation, revenue’. Current senses date from the 18th century, and reflect sense development in French.