[mass noun] The doctrine that natural processes, for example evolution, are directed towards some goal.
- ‘But radical finalism is quite as unacceptable, and for the same reason.’
- ‘The adoption of a similar epistemology would be disruptive for historiographies that are characterized by a strong sense of finalism.’
- ‘However, Bergson continues, the teleological approach of traditional finalism equally makes genuine creation of the new impossible, since it entails, just as mechanism, that the ‘whole is given.’’
- ‘The theory we shall put forward in this book will therefore necessarily partake of finalism to a certain extent.’