Definition of filiation in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The fact of being the child of a particular parent or parents.

    ‘relationships based on ties of filiation as opposed to marriage’
    • ‘In contrast, they draw attention to families defined by both filiation and affiliation.’
    • ‘We have in some way to try to grasp the idea of a relation of fatherhood or filiation which is reflexive.’
    • ‘In The Quiet American, the emphasis is not on love, rescue, or heroism of any sort but on the failures of filiation.’
    • ‘The Government will order the special registration of all the slaves existing in the Empire to be proceeded with, containing a declaration of name, sex, age, state, aptitude for work, and filiation of each, if such should be known.’
    • ‘I was thinking about unusual filiation possibilities…’
    • ‘Orphans and refugees complicate filiation, since the former are reared without a natural family and the latter are reared outside of their natural home.’
    • ‘By the time he rocked up, his image wasn't sufficient to conjure the usual assignations of friendship and filiation.’
    • ‘Thus, filiation and affiliation produce authority in a variety of different ways, some enhancing life, others limiting it.’
    • ‘Two texts are of decisive value concerning the relations between lameness and filiation.’
    • ‘Lined with red, the black box poem enacts its filiation yet playfully threatens its ground, where the once white chickens are now floating black hens.’
    • ‘She here seems to be positing an alternative world of strong and enduring women, disrupting patriarchal and patrilineal conceptions of nationality and filiation.’
    • ‘Am I not drawn to you, for example, out of elective affinity, rather than remaining fixed within the boundaries of filiation?’
    • ‘Thus, without either a legal-status designator or filiation, it must remain uncertain whether he was freeborn or a freed slave.’
    • ‘At the beginning of the tale, class affiliation is the primary means of marking division and establishing identity, and the story's focus is on filiation and estate patrimony-the conservation of power and wealth.’
    • ‘At the same time, however, in the matter of filiation, the Civil code states that a child cannot have two fathers or two mothers.’
    • ‘However, three of the five justices attached their opinion on regulation of the law which allows an illegitimate child to obtain citizenship with postnatal filiation after the parents have married each other.’
    origins, extraction, birth, family, ancestry, lineage, heritage, pedigree, descent, line of descent, line, blood, bloodline, stock, paternity, roots, derivation
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The fact of being descended or derived from something.
      ‘the filiation of many of his ideas from those developed by Carpenter’
      • ‘Be that as it may, it is a matter of historical filiation that the second view became ‘classical’ in the sense of ‘received.’’
      • ‘This filiation confirms the importance of the role of military engineers in management history.’
      • ‘Other means of indicating literary filiation are available.’
      • ‘Yet the syntax and sense of the poems belie the filiation of the rhyme scheme, as Meredith revises the amatory sonnet tradition, expanding the scope of lyric toward narrative.’
      ancestor, forefather, forebear, predecessor, progenitor
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2The relation of one thing to another from which it is derived or descended in some respect.
      ‘the filiation of Old Norse manuscripts’
      • ‘As in column III we should expect the filiation of the honorand to be listed from distant to present.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, it came across as entirely conceptual, belying any attempt at filiation with other works in the ‘black’ group, despite its supposedly ‘black’ character.’
      • ‘Tracing the relationships between sources and the historical assessment of readings can be facilitated by stemmatic filiation.’
      • ‘The specificity of the innovative milieus approach is that it is centered on the process of innovation and of rupture / filiation on the levels of both apprenticeship and coordination.’
      • ‘The Encyclopedists founded their true system of knowledge on Condillac's account of the ‘generation and filiation of knowledge’ through the analysis of sensations.’
      • ‘Therefore, including extra microsatellites, even the three lowly informative markers, may have given the extra exclusion power required for 100% correct filiation.’
      • ‘Guest makes audible and concrete a paradoxically social solitariness, a sympathetic projection or filiation in and through poetry.’
      • ‘Table 1 details the major intellectual frameworks of economics and traces their primary lines of influence - what he called the filiation of ideas, but in this case frameworks within which we formulate ideas.’
      • ‘Table 1 illustrates the principal governing legacies in the evolution of economic thinking, and their filiation through succeeding generations.’
      • ‘The complex filiation among the nine men pictured in Elegant Gathering is undeniable; it is in fact plausible that they once convened, which encourages a realist reading of the painting.’
      • ‘The ornament is manifestly in the same tradition, and the filiation might be imagined to be closer, yet I doubt that many scholars, faced with the two photographs free of any context, would conclude that they came from the same manuscript.’


Late Middle English: from French, from ecclesiastical and medieval Latin filiatio(n-), from Latin filius son, filia daughter.