One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A cultivated hazel tree that bears edible oval nuts.
Genus Corylus, family Betulaceae: several species, in particular the Kentish cob (Corylus maxima)
- ‘This super-sorter might be used to sort other crops, such as hazelnuts, also called filberts, and wheat, notes Pearson.’
- ‘Filberts are easy to grow and very productive.’
- ‘A 1960s ranch calls for a contemporary garden with a sculptural plant, such as a Japanese maple or contorted filbert.’
- ‘There are now in England numerous named varieties of both cob and filbert.’
- ‘Americans, in general, reserve the name hazelnut for their wild species, and call their cultivated nuts, which are almost all descended from European species, filberts.’
- 1.1 The nut of the filbert tree.Also called cob
- ‘In olden times the filbert was used as a medicine & a tonic.’
- ‘Food proteins causing acute reactions in patients are few in number such as peanuts, walnuts, filberts, eggs, fish, crustaceans (shelled joint-legged aquatic animals), cotton seed, kiwi and lastly milk, and wheat (rare in adults).’
- ‘Crushed filberts make a great pie crust without any other ingredients.’
- ‘A broached brambleberry pie, a glass of wine and frothed tumbler of ale have been left in a disarray of pewter dishes and scattered filberts: untidy by Dutch standards, apart from the sharply ironed tablecloth.’
- ‘Place 1/2 cup (125 mL) chopped filberts in well-greased 9-inch (3 L) tube pan.’
2A brush with bristles forming a flattened oval head, used in oil painting.
- ‘Filberts are one of the most useful brushes one can own, in fact with several different sizes, a painter can do just about anything.’
- ‘Filberts are a compromise between flat and round brushes, being shaped to a slight curve at the tip to produce soft, tapered strokes.’
- ‘Just brush the thinned paint on with a small filbert or flat.’
- ‘He'd come up with some charming excuse: he'd left his long filbert brush, he couldn't go on without it.’
- ‘Use a small filbert brush to block the main masses of color into the background tree area.’
Middle English fylberd, from Anglo-Norman French philbert, dialect French noix de filbert (so named because it is ripe about 20 August, the feast day of St Philibert).
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