One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A thread-like parasitic nematode worm which is transmitted by biting flies and mosquitoes, causing filariasis and related diseases.
- ‘The adult filariae lodge in the lymphatic system causing debilitating lymphoedema.’
- ‘Manson commented, ‘It is marvelous how Nature has adapted the habits of the filariae to those of the mosquito.’’
- ‘It was the younger Thomas Bancroft who proved in 1899 that filariae that actively developed in the mosquito were transferred to humans by the act of feeding on blood.’
- ‘ARS researchers are using new biological controls to retaliate against the mosquito, an insect that can transmit viruses, protozoan parasites, and filariae (small worms).’
- ‘The Government campaign to eradicate filaria through the mass drug administration programme is good and in the interest of community health.’
Mid 19th century: from modern Latin Filaria (former genus name), from Latin filum ‘thread’.
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