Definition of fertilization in English:

fertilization

(also fertilisation)

noun

  • 1The action or process of fertilizing an egg or a female animal or plant, involving the fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote.

    • ‘Wrasses practice external fertilization in which the female's eggs are released into the water.’
    • ‘In normal fertilisation the formation of male and female pronuclei is an important stage just before the maternal and paternal chromosomes start to pair up in preparation for the first cell division.’
    • ‘The gametes then fuse in a process called syngamy, or fertilization.’
    • ‘Once these discoveries had been made, it was no longer possible to deny that animal life begins at fertilisation.’
    • ‘The embryos of all sexually reproducing organisms develop from a single cell, formed by the fusion of a male and a female gamete at fertilization.’
    • ‘During these two to three weeks after fertilization, the male will protect the nest and guard the eggs with great fierceness.’
    • ‘There has been evolutionary growth in the technology of in vitro fertilisation and the gamete intrafallopian transfer programme.’
    • ‘There was no evidence that increased familiarity with a site or with a female increased fertilization effectiveness for a male.’
    • ‘He said the above words in opposition to in vitro fertilisation, not stem cell research.’
    • ‘Instead, males that mate with mated females increase their fertilization success by being cannibalized.’
    • ‘If a female and male have sex within several days of the female's ovulation, fertilization can occur.’
    • ‘It lures male codling moths on to a sticky platform (from which there is no escape) to limit fertilisation of the females and reduce the number of grubs, which feed inside developing fruits.’
    • ‘In cases where the female remates, we determine the relative fertilization success of each male.’
    • ‘It likens it to now common reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization and artificial insemination.’
    • ‘In common with in vitro fertilisation, a gamete intrafallopian transfer cycle begins with superovulation to recruit multiple follicles and is followed by egg retrieval.’
    • ‘After several bouts of egg laying and fertilization, the female departs with fertilized eggs which she broods in her mouth.’
    • ‘It would not be reproductive cloning as fertilisation would involve only one set of gametes produced in this way and therefore a unique embryo would form.’
    • ‘A prepared sample containing around one to two million motile sperm is required for adequate oocyte fertilisation with in vitro fertilisation.’
    • ‘Some genes have been shown to be expressed in the female gametophyte before fertilization.’
    • ‘The act also requires that no person should provide gametes for in vitro fertilisation, storage, or donation without first being given appropriate information about treatment.’
    conception, impregnation, insemination, implantation, inception of pregnancy
    pollination, propagation
    fecundation
    View synonyms
  • 2The action or process of applying a fertilizer to soil or land.

    • ‘The variety grown here is well adapted to the climate, requiring less water and fertilization than modern hybrids.’
    • ‘Susceptibility to cold is determined by cultivar and cultural practices, especially fertilization.’
    • ‘We've made huge advances in agricultural mechanization, in fertilization, in soil science.’
    • ‘Modern culturing of wheat involves large land areas with intensive fertilization to achieve large yields and high protein concentrations.’
    • ‘Frequently, the health and vigor of trees stressed by construction activities can be improved by fertilization.’
    • ‘Bermudagrass is highly responsive to fertilization with N and can be an important and valuable cash crop.’
    • ‘Adequate fertilization is an economical practice for increasing pasture production.’
    • ‘They all prefer acidic soil and require regular fertilization through the growing season.’
    • ‘Reduce nitrogen fertilization, and test soil to check potassium levels.’
    • ‘Improperly done fertilization may actually increase undesirable weed growth and contribute to other problems.’
    • ‘No additional fertilization was applied to that already present in the growing medium during the experiment.’
    • ‘The effect of rootstock on wine quality is probably no greater than that of other factors such as soil, climate, fertilization, and irrigation.’
    • ‘Forages are generally good sources of calcium and can be variable in phosphorus according to soil type and fertilization.’
    • ‘Deciding to perform fall fertilization, or deciding not to, presents risks and benefits that must be considered.’
    • ‘The objective was to demonstrate proper fertilization and harvesting practices to improve hay quality.’
    • ‘Shallow soil or inadequate fertilization also can cause nuts to drop.’
    • ‘Sánchez trained tens of thousands of farmers and extension agents in soil conservation and organic fertilization.’
    • ‘They are widely distributed from rainforests to the edges of dry and cold deserts, and they play an important role in human nutrition as well as in soil fertilization.’
    • ‘The cultural practices and fertilization practices recommended for wheat are satisfactory for triticale.’
    • ‘Forage fertilization should be based on soil test levels and realistic yield goals.’

Pronunciation:

fertilization

/ˌfəːtɪlʌɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/