One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A small natural hole or opening, especially in a bone. The mammalian middle ear is linked by the fenestra ovalis to the vestibule of the inner ear, and by the fenestra rotunda to the cochlea.
- ‘The stapes terminates at a well-defined fenestra ovalis, suggesting that the stapes was specialized for hearing.’
- ‘It opened to the outer world through what is presumed to be a fenestra ovalis.’
- ‘Displacement of bones obscures anatomical details, but the fenestra ovalis seems to be absent.’
- ‘Most of the basal plate has been eliminated to accommodate the increased size of the fenestra ovalis.’
- ‘The maxilla and lacrimal meet on the dorsal rim of this fenestra in a tight, complex suture.’
An artificial opening.
- ‘Similarly, the postfrontal is damaged ventrally between the orbit and the infraorbital fenestra.’
- ‘There is a sharp crest along the median symphysis, and the symphysis protrudes into the pelvic fenestra but does not meet with its ischial counterpart.’
- 2.1 An opening in a bandage or cast.
- ‘The two supratemporal fenestrae begin to close, getting smaller, sometimes asymmetrically.’
- ‘In our experiments, it is clear that extended imaging does cause the cells to respond; imaging for more than 1.5-2 h results in a significant enlargement of fenestrae and eventually causes the cells to detach.’
- ‘The fused parietals form the posterior two-thirds of the sagittal crest, expanding posteriorly to form a flattened, sculpted deck behind the supratemporal fenestrae adjacent to the squamosals.’
- ‘The supratemporal fenestrae are long and narrow.’
- ‘The incomplete squamosals also slope laterally and ventrally away from the parietals, slightly depressing posterior margin of the supratemporal fenestrae.’
- 2.2 A perforation in a forceps blade.
- ‘This expansion allows the jaw musculature to be stronger and also permits a wider gape (in other amniotes, the lateral temporal fenestrae perform a similar function).’
- 2.3 A hole made by surgical fenestration.
- ‘As experience mounted the time taken for surgery fell, bigger fenestra were created and the propensity for iatrogenic trauma and hence postoperative scarring diminished.’
- ‘The large post-temporal fenestrae (large holes in the back of the skull) of turtles allow the jaw musculature to expand beyond the confines of the adductor chamber.’
Early 19th century (as a botanical term denoting a small scar left by the separation of the seed from the ovary): from Latin, literally ‘window’.
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