Main definitions of fen in English

: fen1fen2

fen1

noun

  • 1A low and marshy or frequently flooded area of land.

    ‘a native species of fens and damp meadows’
    [mass noun] ‘55 acres of fen’
    • ‘It is usually found in saturated soils and thus colonizes a range of habitats including marshes, fens, shallow lakes and salt marshes.’
    • ‘Both species need large areas of fens and wetlands and are highly intolerant of human disturbance at nest sites.’
    • ‘Wildlife habits, rivers, the canal, bogs and fens are to be protected and development restricted along those areas.’
    • ‘The bogs, fens, and estuarine marshes in the Lower Fraser Valley and Fraser Delta of British Columbia support large vegetable growing operations.’
    • ‘All three of the wetlands fit the description of southern mountain fens.’
    • ‘Acres of the perfectly uniform crops along the fens, the reclaimed marshlands of Cambridgeshire, are ripening, but until the rain lifts the harvesters will not be leaving their homes.’
    • ‘Many of the ‘gap’ species are also typically found in open to very open wetland habitats such as fens, alder thickets, wet prairies, sedge meadows, and shrub carrs.’
    • ‘The birds occupy a range of wetland habitats: lakes, rivers, reedbeds, sedge fens, marsh dykes, ponds, flooded gravel pits and meres.’
    • ‘From the marshes, fens and river-banks, rushes and reeds were harvested for use in thatching, with tons needed just for one dwelling.’
    • ‘As mires and fens are most important summer pastures, half of all inventory sites were located on mires and fens, and half on mineral soils.’
    • ‘Many southern mountain wetlands have characteristics of both fens and bogs.’
    • ‘This is mainly because the vast bogs and fens make the area almost impossible to traverse in the summer months; about the only way to penetrate the area is by boat or canoe.’
    • ‘Prairie fens in North America occur throughout areas that were once glaciated.’
    • ‘Then, from his tower, Thom looked straight across the fens and grasslands, and his gaze landed on the mountain.’
    • ‘Our Countryside Bill gives everyone the right to enjoy mountains, moorland, fens and common land - for the first time since the enclosures of the 17th and 18th centuries.’
    • ‘Like Amsterdam perhaps, much of the centre of the city is reclaimed from the water, or the marshes and fens of the wild Shawmut Peninsula that loomed out of the mist to greet the 17th century sailors from the Old World.’
    • ‘Most of the bogs and fens of North America and Europe had seemed to begin accumulating vegetation about 1,500 years after atmospheric methane concentrations started to rise.’
    • ‘Sand dunes, including the machair on the Hebrides, some types of lowland lochs, fens, meadows, hedgerows and blanket bogs are all mentioned as habitats needing further protection.’
    • ‘The coniferous forests appear in the lowlands, which are filled with lakes, bogs, and fens.’
    • ‘Intensive efforts are being made to create new fens and marshes, and restore existing ones, to increase its numbers.’
    marsh, marshland, salt marsh, fenland, wetland, bog, peat bog, bogland, swamp, swampland
    moss, carr
    corcass
    bayou, moor, pocosin, salina
    marish
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The flat low-lying areas of eastern England, mainly in Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, and Norfolk, formerly marshland but largely drained for agriculture since the 17th century.
    2. 1.2Ecology
      [mass noun]Wetland with alkaline, neutral, or only slightly acid peaty soil.
      Compare with bog
      • ‘The wetland is a large sedge- and sphagnum-dominated lakeside fen and cattail marsh that supports one of the most diverse wetland bird communities in the state.’
      • ‘The northern parts of the county remained for centuries almost completely cut off by fen and water and developed their own unique way of life.’
      • ‘Site-specific features of the hydroperiod and geochemistry of the waters influencing the site will determine the specific type of peatland that will develop from the mineral wetland, be it swamp, fen or bog.’
      • ‘The nest was located at the edge of a small open pool surrounded by cattails adjacent to a sedge and sphagnum-dominated lakeside fen.’
      • ‘It is the smallest patterned fen recorded in Maine; the next largest is 11 hectares.’

Origin

Old English fen(n), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch veen and German Fenn.

Pronunciation:

fen

/fɛn/

Main definitions of fen in English

: fen1fen2

fen2

noun

  • A monetary unit of China, equal to one hundredth of a yuan.

    • ‘Meanwhile, the company, China's biggest ethylene producer, saw its net profit leap more than fivefold to 1.03 billion yuan, or 31 fen per share, in the first half on rising sales.’
    • ‘The plan was unveiled after the firm said its profit for the first half nearly doubled to 110 million yuan, or 19 fen per share.’
    • ‘With gross profit margin up to 35.2 per cent from 25.9 per cent a year ago, the company declared an interim dividend of 5.6 fen per share for the first time since listing in 2001.’
    • ‘If it were not one yuan but one fen, would the press still have made a mountain out of it?’
    • ‘So he uses short messages to communicate with others because it costs only 10 fen a time.’
    • ‘Registered users are charged 40 fen per minute for local calls, while prepaid card users are charged 60 fen.’
    • ‘He said China's insurance market was showing signs of a slowdown this year but was still confident that it will be able to achieve its 2004 profit target of at least 2.76 billion yuan, or 45 fen per share on a pro forma diluted basis.’
    • ‘In the past, a bottle of hot water was priced at only one fen, cheaper than the cost of burning coal to heat water at home.’
    • ‘Of some 10 million containers, 70 per cent were purchased at the rate of two fen each.’
    • ‘An interim dividend of nine fen per share was declared, up from five fen per share a year ago.’
    • ‘Cabbage used to cost only a few fen, less than one U.S. cent, a kilogram and a fraction of the price of other vegetables, but prices have since evened out.’

Origin

From Chinese fēn a hundredth part.

Pronunciation:

fen

/fʌn/