Definition of federation in English:

federation

noun

  • 1A group of states with a central government but independence in internal affairs.

    [in names] ‘the Russian Federation’
    • ‘It does not just lobby in Brussels, but through its members' national federations it also lobbies the 25 European national governments.’
    • ‘Everyone knows that the future lies in international cooperation, in federations or confederations of states.’
    • ‘Macedonia, once part of the Yugoslav federation, is now independent.’
    • ‘To have a federation of republics, there has to be a central federal authority, and that in itself can lead to problems.’
    • ‘If France and Germany act together, as a federation inside a federation, they can dominate Europe under the new constitution.’
    • ‘The experts are unable to agree whether the EU is a federation, an international organization or something different.’
    • ‘Jospin sums up his own idea of Europe in the formula ‘a federation of nation states’.’
    • ‘In 1991, Germany gave Croatia and Slovenia the green light to secede from the Yugoslav federation; civil war soon followed.’
    • ‘He was party general secretary in 1991, when Croatia claimed independence from the Yugoslav federation.’
    • ‘The United States once had to move from a confederation to a federation.’
    • ‘Equally, the entire North-East must be treated in all strategic respects as a single, unified entity, a federation within a federation.’
    • ‘Proposals that are not supported by both major political parties across the federation have no hope.’
    • ‘To be sure, as the history of the European Union shows, there can be federalism without a federation.’
    • ‘Moldova favored an asymmetrical federation in which power would be concentrated in the central government.’
    • ‘Intergovernmentalists believe the EU should be a federation of nation states, and the focus of accountability should be national governments.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, Montenegro sought increased autonomy within the federation and began making moves toward that goal.’
    • ‘Democratic federations, unions and international organisations work best when they work with the least degree of external intrusion.’
    alliance, association, coalition, confederation, league, faction, union, partnership, body, group, grouping
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1An organization or group within which smaller divisions have some degree of internal autonomy.
      [in names] ‘the World Chess Federation’
      • ‘The bus workers belong to a federation of 63 unions with a total of more than 17,000 members.’
      • ‘On March 21 several union federations launched a 24-hour general strike in Argentina.’
      • ‘Also coming up is a federation cabaret and flower arranging display as well as the federation Christmas party taking place in December.’
      • ‘The international federation has organized regular sports events for organ recipients to advocate organ donation and transplant worldwide.’
      • ‘The union federations called six one-day general strikes in 18 months.’
      • ‘There is a power struggle going on in global sport between the owners of particular clubs, the national federations and the international organisations.’
      • ‘On Friday Bill Jordan, head of the international federation of trade unions led a group of less than 100 people in a silent protest as the trade talks began.’
      • ‘Although there have been job cuts in the public sector, public sector unions have become proportionately larger within the union federation.’
      • ‘The idea is to target international sports federations and organisers to get them to bring high profile events to Ireland,’
      • ‘A 36-hour general strike called by three union federations in Argentina virtually shut down the nation of 37 million inhabitants last week.’
      • ‘Large parts of Italy came to a standstill yesterday, when 13 million workers followed a call by the three main union federations for an eight-hour general strike.’
      • ‘It took decades for them to organise into federations of trade unions.’
      • ‘This federation of Independent churches, now some 30-40 strong, has been successful in the south amongst the unchurched.’
      • ‘The main trade union federations and professional associations called protest demonstrations for Saturday.’
      • ‘The action, which is officially a one-day strike called by all the trade union federations and confederations, will be continued indefinitely by many workers.’
      • ‘Union leaders at the executive council meeting did find common ground around dramatic proposals to strengthen state labor federations and central labor councils.’
      • ‘In spite of these difficulties, a true federation of independent laboratories still does exist.’
      • ‘Balfour said yesterday that he recognised the autonomy of sports federations, but autonomy needed accountability and responsibility.’
      • ‘Will trade unions within the federation fund international work?’
      • ‘The three major trade union federations in Italy have organised a four-hour general strike for Friday 24 October.’
  • 2[mass noun] The action of forming states or organizations into a single group with centralized control.

    ‘a first step in the federation of Europe’
    • ‘The proposed European federation is unprecedented: no democracy has ever merged with another to form such an entity.’
    • ‘Also, let's not kid ourselves about the roots of Australian nationalism, the fathers of federation and all the rest of it.’
    • ‘This interpretation of the motives of the fathers of federation hardened later into an unshakable conviction.’
    • ‘But by the time of Australian federation, nationalism had undergone a profound transformation.’
    • ‘It goes to the heart of our founding fathers' vision of federation that all voices in all states of Australia be represented and have influence in Australian society.’
    • ‘And, contrary to the claims of the fathers of federation, Australian nationalism was not progressive.’
    • ‘And some type of federation, where all tribes, all people are represented, is the best hope that we can have for that country.’
    • ‘In a referendum in 1992, Montenegrins voted in favour of federation with Serbia and Kosovo.’

Origin

Early 18th century: from French fédération, from late Latin foederatio(n-), from the verb foederare to ally, from foedus league.

Pronunciation:

federation

/fɛdəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/