Definition of fasten in English:

fasten

verb

  • 1with object Close or do up securely.

    ‘the tunic was fastened with a row of gilt buttons’
    • ‘By the end of the suitcase's usefulness, age had worn the corners down to the cardboard but the hinges stayed in place and the snaps fastened.’
    • ‘She slid the lid over them and wanted to fasten the clasp.’
    • ‘Alex stopped fastening the buttons on his shirt and held a hand up.’
    • ‘After they entered, he turned and securely fastened the various bolts which lined the edge of the door.’
    • ‘Please fasten your seat belts securely and observe all safety precautions.’
    • ‘I arrived in a pair of pants, and by that last day, those pants were not fastening.’
    • ‘I double-checked to make sure my seatbelt was tightly fastened.’
    • ‘She made sure his seatbelt was securely fastened before closing the door on him.’
    • ‘Lydia fastened the cloth door closed and took inventory of the room.’
    • ‘He would take the blame for not fastening the lock securely, or perhaps leaving the boy unattended.’
    • ‘More and more children are driven around loose in the back or front of the car, often while the parents are securely fastened by seat belts.’
    • ‘Carefully he wrapped his heavy traveling cloak over his shoulders and fastened the neck clasp.’
    • ‘"Please fasten your seatbelt and prepare for take-off, " the operator announced.’
    • ‘Shaking herself out of her trance, she proceeded to fasten the necklace.’
    • ‘Once I had fastened the seatbelt and closed the door, Jason flicked a small switch on the dashboard, and the machine roared to life.’
    • ‘So please fasten your seatbelts so we can begin our descent.’
    • ‘I smooth out my tie and shrug on my blazer, quickly fastening the button.’
    • ‘I ran down the stairs and walked out the door before I fastened it behind me.’
    • ‘Attach the paper to the frame by wrapping the paper neatly around the frame and fastening it securely.’
    bolt, lock, secure, make secure, make fast, chain, seal
    buckle, join, do up, connect, couple, close, unite, link
    become closed, close, do up
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    1. 1.1no object, with adverbial Be closed or done up in a particular manner.
      ‘a blue nightie that fastens down the back’
      • ‘Each uses various combinations of concrete, wood, rubber, and fiberglass fastened to the river bottom.’
      • ‘The lamp on my desk is almost a smaller version of the streetlamp outside, the same gracefully bent head, the same bubble of electric light harnessed and fastened to a hood.’
      • ‘Picasso was 54 years old, dressed in an old suit, baggy trousers, beret and long scarf, his keys fastened to his belt and his money fastened inside his jacket pocket with a safety pin.’
      • ‘Plants are propagated from cuttings fastened to the ground.’
      • ‘Chell's white wraparound skirt, reaching from beneath her arms to her ankles and fastened at the back, was pulled in by a blue sash around her waist.’
      • ‘The birds, or at least 20 of the 22 survivors, had radio transmitters fastened to their backs before he and his team released them on Saturday.’
      • ‘She waddles up to the stage in her purple quilt she has fastened around her shoulders.’
      • ‘It fastens to your chest and not only records your heart rate information, but gives you a step-by-step instruction on what to do.’
      • ‘A scolex, or a hold-fast organ, on the anterior end of the tapeworm fastens to the intestinal walls.’
      • ‘We drove home with a green boat perched atop a white wooden box of camping gear, fastened to a blue Volkswagen.’
      • ‘It fastens at the chest and belly, and holds practically a month's worth of kibble or - more likely - goodies for a weekend on the trail.’
      • ‘With our borrowed rope and wood we lashed together a catapult of sorts, fastened between two saplings, counter balanced and with wound rope for extra spring.’
      • ‘A blue plaque fastened into the wall publicises the office's past as the dining room in the home of journalist Henry Morton Stanley.’
      • ‘If he had the choice, the Master of the Rolls would favour dressing barristers and judges in an all-embracing continental gown which fastens down the front with Velcro.’
      • ‘And at each place she left her picture - taped on a bathroom mirror, tacked to a hotel bulletin board, fastened to a corner phone booth.’
      • ‘Stainless steel arches, polished to a mirror finish, will be pieced together on the site and fastened to the main structure, which will then be hoisted across the river and fastened in place.’
      • ‘Part in the center, then fasten snugly at the nape of your neck for easy elegance.’
      • ‘Coil up into a bun and fasten with pins.’
      • ‘With a pointed stick on the nose of our helicopter, it was possible to spear a wooden ring twelve inches in diameter fastened to a pole only four feet from the ground.’
      • ‘‘Several people have come in and said this skirt would be perfect for the races,’ she says pointing to an unusual short yellow skirt, which fastens up the side.’
    2. 1.2with object and adverbial Fix or hold in place.
      ‘she fastened her locket round her neck’
      • ‘Piling her hair up on her head, she styled it and fastened it with several pins.’
      • ‘I did the same, because I had already fastened my arm tight around his waist.’
      • ‘She was fastening some of her hair up with glittery clips while the rest cascaded down her neck and back.’
      • ‘She then fastened her belt around her waist, sheathing her dagger in its pouch.’
      • ‘She fastens it there with a strong hair elastic, and uses a hatpin to attach the cloth flower.’
      • ‘I made my way to the bathroom where I fished through piles of hair accessories until I found my giant clip with which I fastened my hair in a French twist.’
      • ‘It was a 31-page black and white booklet fastened with staples.’
      • ‘She was at the vanity, fastening her pale blonde hair into a bun that was already unraveling.’
      • ‘Magic hands produced a golden locket and fastened it around her neck.’
      • ‘She quickly fastened her helmet onto her head and tucked her long hair in.’
      • ‘She gave it to Henriette, who put down the book and fastened the locket around her neck.’
      • ‘Over her shoulders and arms she wears a short, pale blue cape, embroidered with one gold leaf on each side and fastened with a clasp.’
      • ‘He fastened the locket around her neck and looked to the sky.’
      • ‘I was fastening my necklace around my neck when Jordan knocked on the door.’
      • ‘Her golden-spun hair was loosely fastened in a clasp, and she held a small glass in her hand.’
      • ‘After pulling her hair back into the half ponytail, she laid the hair net on her head on fastened it in place with delicate, almost invisible hair pins.’
      • ‘She wrapped a shawl around her arms and fastened a veil to her hair.’
      • ‘Fiona fastened her hair into a bun, tucked a small coin purse into her pocket, and threw her cloak over her shoulders.’
      • ‘She pushed her hair back and fastened it with a clip at the base of her neck, breathing deeply.’
      • ‘Bhutanese women wear the kira, a woven dress that is fastened at each shoulder by silver buckles.’
      attach, fix, affix, clip, pin, tack
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    3. 1.3fasten something off Secure the end of a thread with stitches or a knot.
      ‘work the stitch and fasten off the thread’
  • 2fasten something on/uponno object Single out (someone or something) and concentrate on them or it obsessively.

    ‘the critics fastened upon two sections of the report’
    • ‘When you're doing a high-tech type of job, working under pressure against impossible time-scales, you tend to fasten on something silly and obsessive to ease the strain.’
    • ‘These are secular eschatological fantasies we have fastened on as we have lost faith in the only True Eschaton, who is Jesus.’
    • ‘With so many essays covering a diversity of themes and ideas, it is hard to fasten on a single idea as the central theme of the collection.’
    • ‘It is true that the human imagination fastens on to single personalities, not casualty statistics.’
    single out, concentrate on, focus on, select, pick out, fix on, seize on
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    1. 2.1fasten something on/uponwith object Direct one's eyes, thoughts, etc. intently at.
      ‘his gaze was fastened on his daughter’
      no object ‘his eyes seemed to fasten on her’
      • ‘Wilhelm lifted his head and fastened his eyes on the darkened house for a long moment, as though etching that sight into his mind forever.’
      • ‘Keiko stole a final glance at Jiro before fastening her eyes on the teacher.’
      • ‘Even as she fastened her gaze upon the cloth-covered object, she heard someone approaching the camp, and knew Aldene had returned.’
      • ‘Rebecca jerked her head towards him, as he fastened his own gaze on the road.’
      • ‘What I did do, I noticed, was to keep a very beady eye on him from across the room: waiting to see what kind of man he fastened his attentions on this time.’
      • ‘He sat down carefully, and fastened his eyes on his glass desktop.’
      • ‘Realising that he wasn't getting any money from me, he began to glance away, and fastened his eyes on a wallet that a gentleman who passed us had in his hand.’
      • ‘Almost instinctively the parents drew into a tight group, moving to a safe distance, eight pairs of eyes fastening their gaze on the deck.’
      • ‘He stopped me and fastened his eyes upon my eyes.’
      • ‘I fastened my eyes on the dishes on the waiter's hand, refusing to confirm if he was indeed staring at me with renewed interest.’
      • ‘I have to fasten my gaze on a clump of brown hair she holds between her teeth.’
      focus, fix, be riveted, concentrate, zero in, zoom in, be brought to bear
      single out, concentrate on, focus on, select, pick out, fix on, seize on
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English fæstnian ‘make sure’, also ‘immobilize’, of West Germanic origin; related to fast.

Pronunciation

fasten

/ˈfɑːs(ə)n/