Main definitions of fast in English

: fast1fast2

fast1

adjective

  • 1Moving or capable of moving at high speed.

    ‘a fast and powerful car’
    • ‘However, it lacks power over 60 mph and up hills so you have to perform some fast gearchanges.’
    • ‘Keep the defence tight, and when on offence, I want to see quick feet and fast passing.’
    • ‘Most countries retain fleets of small, fast vessels for coastal patrol.’
    • ‘Jamie was into speed, he liked fast cars and the adrenaline rush of living life on the edge.’
    • ‘Typical rotating frame experiments are performed in the fast exchange limit.’
    • ‘Another fast ship of those times was the American Clipper the Flying Cloud.’
    • ‘What You Waiting For is the benchmark for the album, immediately enjoyable with its fast lyrics and catchy melody.’
    • ‘He is the fastest horse I've ever had, and it was because of his speed that we kept him away from the others in the early stages.’
    • ‘A little speed will take care of that, letting you zip around and fight at an incredibly fast pace.’
    • ‘Alexis ignored the question and continued walking at a slightly faster pace.’
    • ‘The big key to Daytona is making sure you have a fast car that is capable of getting out front and staying there.’
    • ‘But do they emit overt commercial messages that fast and possibly irresponsible driving is a good thing?’
    • ‘One of the fastest planes in the air is set to resume service on the London to New York route in the near future.’
    • ‘She pulled me onto the dance floor and I surprisingly had a lot of fun moving to the fast beat of the music.’
    • ‘Am I just different to the norm since I have never been a great lover of watching fast cars speeding around a piece of tarmac for an hour and a half?’
    • ‘I got an Estonian passport stamp, courtesy of a short trip across the water from Finland on a very fast catamaran.’
    • ‘More importantly, they're purposely kept brief to maintain the fast pace of the game.’
    • ‘The competitors were doing 29 miles per hour for the first hour, an incredibly fast pace.’
    • ‘Focused on fast ships capable of 31 knots, this has put the wind up rivals, few of which have the resources to match this kind of investment.’
    • ‘This bird is the world's fastest animal at 220 miles per hour.’
    speedy, quick, swift, rapid
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Taking place at high speed; taking a short time.
      ‘the journey was fast and enjoyable’
      • ‘It is a fast, snappy, moving show with short scenes and little time for scene changes during the blackouts.’
      • ‘On your return, toss it with hot, freshly cooked pasta, and you have a meal that is fast, light, fresh and colourful - and hot.’
      • ‘On the one hand they can offer perfectly crafted pieces of writing just right for fast and enjoyable consumption.’
      • ‘On the one hand, everything has to be very fast and superficial - a sound bite that you can grab in a second.’
      • ‘Some of them actually buy a number of drinks and consume them quickly to get a fast kick.’
      • ‘Trainer Mark Hampton says that the fights are very fast and aggressive, in a series of short two-minute rounds.’
      • ‘But when they are located, white bass can provide such fast and enjoyable fishing!’
      • ‘I had the choice of a dingy subway leading south towards the delights of the town centre or a short walk to the railway station and a fast exit.’
      • ‘They want to charge fans with fast web connections to watch footage, but there are two massive obstacles in their way.’
      • ‘Correct and fast reforms in this area would help the country fight corruption more efficiently.’
      • ‘Their reputation for fairness has been tainted by unscrupulous firms out to make fast money.’
      • ‘Freeze your favorites at home to share with friends, and make fast meals a snap.’
      • ‘It provides fast and secure individual and group conference communication and transmits packed data and visuals.’
      • ‘Scanning is fast and can be performed in the background so you can carry on working.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, with the degree of complications, any hope of a fast resolution has faded.’
      • ‘It was a game which exuded excellent, fast play with good passing, finishing and sporting behaviour.’
      • ‘The journey was short and fast, but strangely uncomfortable.’
      • ‘They were saying the game is a lot faster than they thought it would be and you need a lot more endurance and speed.’
      • ‘Jason Bright set the fastest lap in today's afternoon practice session.’
      • ‘Journalism is short-term and gratifying in a fast way, and inherently interactive.’
      speedy, quick, swift, rapid
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Performing or able to perform a particular action quickly.
      ‘a fast reader’
      • ‘To make such bold statements about any fast bowler is brave verging on foolhardy.’
      • ‘Yorkshire are waiting for a fitness report which will reveal if the fast bowler will be able to play tomorrow.’
      • ‘But this is a very fast printer able to cope with heavy workloads.’
      • ‘I'm a fast learner, or they are fast teachers, but it's damn cool.’
      • ‘He was a fast learner, able to look back at his own mistakes and improve.’
      • ‘He claims not to be a fast writer, just someone who responds well to pressure.’
      • ‘The band feature two capable and incredibly fast guitarists.’
      • ‘Far be it from me to say that this was a bad exam, suffice to say it was an exam in which fast writers were rewarded, at the expense of those without bionic hands.’
      • ‘I'm a strong, fast walker who has to make a deliberate effort to slow down when in company.’
      • ‘Tillman is best in press coverage; his tight hips hinder him when he has to play off fast receivers.’
      • ‘Unless you're a fast reader who can keep a clear head, there's a good chance the narrative will speed off and leave you behind.’
      • ‘A predator in every sense of the term, he was a giant among fast bowlers.’
      • ‘Even for a fast learner, though, four months is an awfully short time to cram.’
    3. 1.3 (of a surface) allowing or producing high-speed movement.
      ‘a wide, fast road’
      • ‘Our fastest roads (our motorways) are also our safest.’
      • ‘He was always close to the lead, but could only stay on one-paced in the closing stages and may have found the surface on the fast side.’
      • ‘Further than that, the Bught Park is traditionally a fast surface, an ideal venue for the sharp stick work both sets of forwards favour.’
      • ‘It's not a high-speed circuit, there are not many fast corners.’
      • ‘Faint Heart was a costly failure at Galway, going down by a length to Right Key, but was all at sea on the fast surface then.’
      • ‘He's another who handles a fast surface and a repeat of his creditable second to Lord Of The Turf at Galway will see him land this.’
      • ‘A good 10 km to blast away the cobwebs is an excellent idea and this is a fast course where personal bests are quite possible.’
      • ‘The King George VI Chase at Kempton could be next for the horse if the ground was to come up on the fast side and rule out Best Mate.’
      • ‘He did well to finish on the predominantly flat fast course to finish in the top 70.’
      • ‘It was a fast, flat course over two large adjacent areas joined by a steep bank.’
      • ‘Quarterback Kurt Warner will take advantage of the fast surface and the speed of his receivers.’
      • ‘The final section from the Bolt Shelter to the road is fast, flat, and fun.’
      • ‘But on a lightening fast surface, the British No.2 was always likely to be a troublesome competitor.’
      • ‘He was promoted to the BP-Ford squad for his experience and knowledge of the dauntingly fast Finnish roads.’
      • ‘And as the sun continues to shine, so do the hopes of Inn At The Top - who favours the firm, fast ground.’
      • ‘He got off the mark over fences at Kilbeggan, beating Lantern Leader four and a half lengths, and will revel in the fast surface.’
      • ‘This track is very demanding for drivers with fast corners and it's enjoyable to drive here.’
      • ‘The Gonubie course is fast, but also requires strength, both of a physical and mental nature.’
      • ‘The Brisbane pitch is fast and bouncy so I think we may just lose the first Test match.’
      • ‘The first mistake was to choose indoor carpet, a fast surface, that suited Leander's serve and volley game.’
      • ‘This 2 mile road course is very fast and tricky.’
    4. 1.4 (of a sports field) likely to make the ball bounce or run quickly or to allow competitors to reach a high speed.
      • ‘Its not a super fast track, but it is very technical with some great corners and elevation changes.’
      • ‘Both batsmen got in some early practice, taking advantage of friendly bowling from the PCA XI and a fast outfield.’
      • ‘Taking the fast outfield into consideration, fans could be in for a rather heavy-scoring game.’
      • ‘I'm still missing a little speed, which you need on these fast indoor courts.’
      • ‘The surface of the pitch was outstanding and the outfield was fast and true.’
  • 2predicative or as complement (of a clock or watch) showing a time ahead of the correct time.

    ‘I keep my watch fifteen minutes fast’
    • ‘It's 2:30 by my watch (though my watch is a bit fast), and we're still in Portland.’
    • ‘The calendar is loaded, the meter is ticking and that damn clock has to be fast, doesn't it?’
    • ‘Perhaps our watches were a little fast, or our internal clocks had been affected by the huge amount of alcohol in our systems.’
    • ‘The alarm clock is an hour fast.’
  • 3Firmly fixed or attached.

    ‘he made a rope fast to each corner’
    • ‘Dockhands caught the lines and pulled the ship in and made it fast.’
    • ‘We sent boats with ropes and hawsers to the rocks, wound a rope round a rock, made a hawser fast to the rope, and swung to it with a length of hawser.’
    secure, secured, fastened, tight, firmly fixed
    attach, fasten, secure, fix, affix, join, connect, couple, link, tie, tie up, bind, fetter, strap, rope, tether, truss, lash, hitch, moor, anchor, yoke, chain
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 (of friends) close and loyal.
      ‘they remained fast friends’
      • ‘A year ago, the two were fast allies.’
      • ‘We became fast friends and I was the last man in England to speak to her on the day she died.’
      • ‘After that moment they became fast friends, they got along so well, they spent much of each day with each other.’
      • ‘She became fast friends with Alicia, since she was closer in age than the rest of the sisters.’
      • ‘He has made a fast friend in the class, another little boy whom he adores.’
      • ‘Over the years we have become fast friends, and my wife jokingly calls her my girlfriend.’
      • ‘He became fast friends with Fred Gwynne, developing a chemistry that is obvious in The Munsters.’
      • ‘They fought the Soviets together and are fast friends.’
      • ‘I even went round to his house to apologise. We've been fast friends ever since.’
      • ‘Being that both of them were musicians and liked a lot of the same bands, Shamus and Chase had become fast friends.’
      • ‘The two men get to drinking, and then to talking, and it's not long before they've become fast friends.’
      • ‘JJ and I had become fast friends, not as close as Dane and I were but close enough.’
      • ‘Alex got along with everyone he met, so there were no doubts in my mind they'd become fast friends.’
      • ‘They became fast friends and studied international marketing and languages together at Dublin City University.’
      • ‘Drew and Henry became fast friends and worked together throughout the morning.’
      • ‘This is how I introduced my dog, Kye, to my cat, Johnny, and they became fast friends.’
      • ‘I, too, was attracted to Steve's courage and charisma, and we became fast friends.’
      • ‘Nathan decides not to write the book, but he and Coleman become fast friends.’
      • ‘Weeks had passed since that day and the two had become very fast friends.’
      • ‘The girls became fast friends during the trip - mostly due to their pranks on Kevin together.’
      loyal, devoted, faithful, firm, steadfast, staunch, true, boon, bosom, inseparable
      View synonyms
  • 4Photography
    (of a film) needing only a short exposure.

    ‘a 35-mm colour film which is ten times faster than Kodacolor II’
    • ‘For low light and fast shutter speeds you need a fast film and also a fast lens.’
    • ‘Again this is where you use the fast film and enlarge for the portrait.’
    • ‘This was big-time exposure country, and had I known in advance I would have brought my tripod and a stock of fast film!’
    • ‘I used fast film, fast shutter speed, and zoomed in to fill the frame.’
    • ‘It's a good idea in any case to have a selection of slow, medium and fast film on hand at all times.’
    1. 4.1 (of a lens) having a large aperture and therefore suitable for use with short exposure times.
      • ‘It should be lighter, with a fairly fast lens, and reasonable responsiveness and battery life.’
      • ‘So depending on the lighting conditions you may need to use fast lenses and/or high speed film.’
      • ‘Obviously you will want to use your fastest lens, let me know what it is and I will try to suggest a film for you to use.’
  • 5(of a dye) not fading in light or when washed.

    ‘the dyes are boiled with the yarn to produce a fast colour’
    • ‘From the tubes, a not so fast dye is extracted for colouring silk.’
    • ‘The setup had to be optimized for response times below microseconds by using a fast dye and by applying a fast fluorescence detector.’
    • ‘All those shops selling these goods have to give consumers the assurance that they are fast colour, non-shrinkable and correct size.’
    indelible, lasting, permanent, stable
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  • 6Engaging in or involving activities characterized by excitement, extranvagance, and risk-taking.

    ‘the fast life she led in London’
    • ‘A pair of red stilettos, maybe you like attention and things on the fast side.’
    • ‘Lack of strong family bonds and fast lifestyle also contribute to this habit.’
    • ‘Reid is one such fellow, his name frequently prompting the response 'Who?', even from those of his compatriots with a passing interest in wheels and fast living.’
    • ‘The actor was as famous for his fast living, hard drinking, and acerbic wit as for his performances.’
    • ‘Mumbai, on the other hand, was used to money and a fast lifestyle.’
    • ‘In the beginning it was a hit with a young, fast crowd because of one of its owners, Karim Amatullah.’
    • ‘Tom Adair examines the short life and fast times of an all - American great.’
    wild, dissipated, dissolute, debauched, intemperate, immoderate, louche, rakish, decadent, unrestrained, reckless, profligate, self-indulgent, shameless, sinful, immoral, extravagant
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  • 7West Indian (of a person) prone to act in an unacceptably familiar way.

    ‘Mammy said, ‘Stop asking questions, you too damn farse.’’

adverb

  • 1At high speed.

    ‘he was driving too fast’
    • ‘The way to achieve success in swimming is obviously to swim faster over a given distance.’
    • ‘As to the matter of how fast our speeding knight of the road was in fact travelling, various readers were keen to take us to task on the finer points of metric etiquette.’
    • ‘Responsible drivers know that driving very fast or recklessly will endanger their life and other people's.’
    • ‘She was then fired, allegedly because she did not type fast enough to keep with the creative discussions.’
    • ‘I wheeze at night and cough during workouts, but I am swimming fast.’
    • ‘Tyler moved so swiftly and so fast he lived up to our team's name: The Black Panthers.’
    • ‘I stalled and swore, went too fast or too slow, but he was patient and spoke to me in soothing tones.’
    • ‘You have to run really fast to get away from Lynette when she's on a make-up rampage.’
    • ‘I didn't think it was possible, but my heart began to beat even faster.’
    • ‘They shoveled the food into their mouths so fast it was like a speed eating contest.’
    • ‘Rod the sound engineer was advising me on speed (that's how fast you speak, not the drug), and on timing.’
    • ‘I had to walk quite fast to keep up with him.’
    • ‘Whoever was driving was driving so fast I couldn't see anything out the window.’
    • ‘At that point, the US share market had been growing extremely fast for several years.’
    • ‘The friendly council have opened a nice new road and it's so smooth you pick up quite a lot of speed before you realise how fast you are going.’
    • ‘My heart beating even faster, what was I supposed to do?’
    • ‘She says this all very fast and energetically like she has held it in there for so long, and needs to tell someone.’
    • ‘As a result, the systems built with dual-core processors can perform impressively fast.’
    • ‘Inherent in elevator performance is the speed and capacity of each elevator and how fast the doors open and close.’
    • ‘Ben was walking slightly faster now but still had trouble keeping up.’
    • ‘Some think it's fun to whizz over the speed hump and see how fast they can take off.’
    quickly, rapidly, swiftly, speedily, briskly, at speed, at full speed, at full tilt
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Within a short time.
      ‘we're going to have to get to the bottom of this fast’
      • ‘These vehicles are also fast becoming a lifestyle choice, with enhanced styling adding to the popularity of the genre.’
      • ‘However, the burning sensation didn't fade quite fast enough.’
      • ‘Finding mechanisms that can react fast enough to prevent escalation could prove problematic.’
      • ‘The news spread fast and the crowds became a crush within a few hours.’
      • ‘Kids grow up so fast nowadays, don't they?’
      • ‘Passengers had to act fast to save their own lives.’
      • ‘He spoke of his days in the school and how fast the fifteen years since he left had gone.’
      • ‘Its been over a week since I got back from Tokyo, memories fade so fast!’
      • ‘Yeah, she is acting like an idiot, but everything's happening really fast for her.’
      • ‘Now traditional Highland crofting is fast becoming the lifestyle of choice for stress-ridden city folk.’
      • ‘The fuel crisis is the immediate cause, and whether that will run and run or fade away as fast as it blew up is for the moment hard to say.’
      • ‘You can specify which mouse button will open menus, how fast the mouse responds to double clicks and so forth.’
      • ‘Everything happened really fast, there was a lot of people.’
      • ‘The schedule will also depend on how fast consumers will switch to 3G mobile services.’
      • ‘We have acted fast to stop the harm but the problem has not gone away.’
      • ‘A sign of the success of the megachurches in this country and elsewhere is that they are fast becoming mainstream.’
      • ‘They knew they had to act fast to save this young man's life.’
      • ‘So, very fast the discussion moved into practical problems: who would be the best to do the job?’
      • ‘Cecil felt things were just going a bit too fast for his liking.’
      • ‘Angel hit the ground and didn't recover fast enough to avoid a powerful kick to her ribs.’
  • 2So as to be hard to move; securely.

    ‘the ship was held fast by the anchor chain’
    • ‘Maybe you are like an idol to her to have her cling to you so fast.’
    • ‘Like a sailing barque stuck fast in the Doldrums, I lurch slowly in the swell, holding my breath and waiting for a wind to fill the sails.’
    • ‘While she was there, aged 16, she watched whaling boats set out on the North Sea, and heard reports of one becoming stuck fast in the ice.’
    • ‘Mason tried to open the door, but it was locked fast.’
    • ‘Moses hid his face from the Lord, and though his eyes were shut fast, his ears were wide open.’
    • ‘It's no use, the door's stuck fast!’
    • ‘Why is the anchor stuck so fast in the wreckage?’
    • ‘Nothing sticks so fast in the mind as a groundless sense of guilt, Kafka told his friend.’
    securely, tightly, immovably, fixedly, firmly
    View synonyms
  • 3So as to be hard to wake.

    ‘they were too fast asleep to reply’
    • ‘He was just sitting with his back to me while his brother was laying spread out on a couple of chairs fast asleep.’
    • ‘Glancing in Ralph's room, she saw the old man fast asleep beneath his covers.’
    • ‘I looked around for a second and saw Jessica fast asleep on the couch.’
    • ‘Without the constant attention of family and friends, she can spend days fast asleep.’
    • ‘Ruth sat at the back of the bus, with Dominic fast asleep on her shoulder.’
    • ‘By the time I returned, she was huddled under the blankets fast asleep.’
    • ‘The woman lay fast asleep under a blanket on her bed, until the noise of the snoring outside stirred her.’
    • ‘Sure enough when we looked in our room there were Chris and Brandon fast asleep.’
    • ‘Amanda wandered back to the beach to find Nora fast asleep in the shade.’
    • ‘When she did awake, she discovered Jared fast asleep in his cot.’
    • ‘Arriving back at the apartment, she unlocked the door and found Kelly fast asleep, curled up on the couch.’
    • ‘Looking down she saw little Callum fast asleep in her arms, resting his head on her chest.’
    • ‘In rooms across the hall my parents and my in-laws are no doubt fast asleep, tuckered out from days of good food and fresh air.’
    • ‘I thought nothing of flopping onto the hotel bed and falling fast asleep.’
    • ‘The buzzers would go off in the night and when the nurses came to see what was wrong they would find the patients fast asleep.’
    • ‘A few days later, Chillingworth finds Dimmesdale fast asleep in a chair at midday.’
    • ‘He glanced over his shoulder to find Bill fast asleep at another computer.’
    • ‘He found the two encircled in one another's arms fast asleep.’
    • ‘There in the middle was a solitary deck chair with the great man fast asleep and the cub wrapped in his arms.’
    • ‘She wondered what had made her feel so safe when she looked over and saw Darien fast asleep in a chair next to the bed.’
    deeply, sound, completely
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Phrases

  • fast worker

    • informal A person who makes rapid progress or achieves results quickly, especially in love affairs.

      • ‘A happy-go-lucky person, Dethan says that he has always been a fast worker.’
      • ‘Known as a fast worker, Al was quite capable of already having a woman in his room… but making a porno home video?’
      • ‘When he visited last year's Edinburgh Film Festival, Fresnadillo was beginning to turn his thoughts towards what he might do for an encore but admits he is anything but a fast worker.’
      • ‘A fast worker who relies on the defense rather than strikeouts, Baldwin is displaying superb control.’
  • pull a fast one

    • informal Trick someone.

      ‘he had been trying to pull a fast one on his producer’
      • ‘Are people playing by the rules of the game or pulling a fast one?’
      • ‘She plays a petty shop owner in a village, whose idea of a joke is pulling a fast one on customers.’
      • ‘But will customers think the fast food giant is pulling a fast one?’
      • ‘Or were the prosecutors trying to pull a fast one?’
      • ‘To be honest, we thought he was trying to pull a fast one.’
      • ‘It's tough when a close pal pulls a fast one on you.’
      • ‘It showed that management was just trying to pull a fast one.’
      • ‘It tickles me that these folks think they are pulling a fast one on the Big Guy.’
      • ‘You aren't pulling a fast one on me, are you?’
      • ‘The woman they have been calling a political novice has just pulled a fast one on them.’
      outsmart, outwit, out-think, outmanoeuvre, outplay, be cleverer than, steal a march on, trick, gull, make a fool of, get the better of
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English fæst ‘firmly fixed, steadfast’ and fæste ‘firmly’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch vast and German fest ‘firm, solid’ and fast ‘almost’. In Middle English the adverb developed the senses ‘strongly, vigorously’ (compare with run hard), and ‘close, immediate’ (just surviving in the archaic fast by; compare with hard by), hence ‘closely, immediately’ and ‘quickly’; the idea of rapid movement was then reflected in adjectival use.

Pronunciation

fast

/fɑːst/

Main definitions of fast in English

: fast1fast2

fast2

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Abstain from all or some kinds of food or drink, especially as a religious observance.

    ‘the ministry instructed people to fast’
    • ‘The male fasts while incubating for 60 days till the female returns at hatching time.’
    • ‘Smith and Henderson meditated and fasted for five days prior to the performance, which culminated in a Tantric ritual.’
    • ‘On inquiring, he learned that this man was fasting frequently to atone for his sins.’
    • ‘The term fasting glycemia refers to your blood sugar level after you've fasted overnight or for at least 8 hours.’
    • ‘They smiled and said, of course they were hungry but did not mind because they were fasting for Allah.’
    • ‘All subjects fasted for more than four hours before the study.’
    • ‘Both groups fasted for fourteen hours before taking part in the experiment.’
    • ‘Three protesters fasted for three days and held a vigil outside the embassy.’
    • ‘So fasting in Lent or not eating meat on Fridays seems odd, even eccentric now.’
    • ‘Prior to seeing a movie, the volunteers fasted overnight and were given a baseline blood vessel reactivity test to measure what is known as flow-mediated vasodilation.’
    • ‘A set meal was given at lunch time after the supplement to subjects who had fasted overnight.’
    • ‘That's why the preferred way to test your blood sugar is to take a blood sample from a vein in your arm after you've fasted overnight or for at least eight hours.’
    • ‘Like every pious Muslim, he prays five times a day and fasts during Ramadan.’
    • ‘Muslims prayed, fasted, and performed charitable acts from Oct 15 to Nov 14 for Ramadan.’
    • ‘Each group fasted for 14 hours prior to taking part in the study.’
    • ‘It is a land where the faithful are summoned by drums, where the whole population fasts two days a week and where no-one smokes because the Church disapproves of the habit.’
    • ‘The friars inhabited the cloister, sang the matins, fasted and prayed within the walls and lived their lives in Banada six centuries ago.’
    • ‘Most nuns fasted to keep the rule: the anorexics fasted to break it.’
    • ‘Blood samples were taken after women had fasted for six hours.’
    • ‘Twenty years ago she started fasting regularly because she felt a spiritual need to do so.’
    abstain from food, refrain from eating, deny oneself food, go without food, go hungry, eat nothing, starve oneself
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1be fastedtechnical Be deprived of all or some kinds of food, especially for medical or experimental reasons.
      ‘all patients were fasted before surgery’
      • ‘Patients should be fasted, rehydrated with intravenous fluids, and given oxygen therapy and adequate analgesia.’
      • ‘Ten male Sprague-Dawley breeder rats, weighing between 450 and 550 g, were fasted overnight, except for free access to water.’
      • ‘The animals were fasted for 24 hours before the intervention.’
      • ‘Domestic country breed pigs of both sexes, weighing 22 to 26 kg, were fasted overnight with free access to water.’
      • ‘Therefore, cats are more likely to suffer from toxicity and should never be completely fasted.’

noun

  • An act or period of fasting.

    ‘a five-day fast’
    • ‘I had done fasts before, then I had built up weight.’
    • ‘On Christmas Day they can eat these things, but the rituals centre more on the last day of the fast on Christmas Eve, he says.’
    • ‘Some of the fundraising events planned to help raise €17,000 include 24-hour fasts and an American tea party later in the year.’
    • ‘Those who are taking part in the fast will be collecting in Belmullet on St. Patrick's Day.’
    • ‘And I will keep all the remaining fasts of the month of Ramazan.’
    • ‘Mother, don't worry - sporadic fasts are very healthy.’
    • ‘The other day I asked one of my friends how his fast was going.’
    • ‘At sunset, the conclusion of daily fasts, participating students were invited to share a delicious meal prepared by local Muslim restaurants.’
    • ‘In Washington, a veteran of the demonstrations was in the midst of a fast that began on Tuesday.’
    • ‘In ancient times, fasts were traditional at the vernal and autumnal equinoxes and were believed to increase fertility.’
    • ‘St. Thomas lived a life of austerity; his fasts, for instance, being in marked contrast to the luxury in which he might have lived if he chose.’
    • ‘I know people that go on fasts for 30 days and work.’
    • ‘As above, birds retained access to water throughout the duration of the fast.’
    • ‘Repeated juice fasts are recommended at intervals of every two months.’
    • ‘Diets are prescriptive, like convent fasts - so much of this, so little of that.’
    • ‘This criminal's regular fasts are little more than a sustained effort to bolster his profile.’
    • ‘Juice or fruit fasts are common, restricting nutrient intake to only those specific food sources.’
    • ‘A woman has died after several months on a hunger strike in protest against prison reforms, bringing the death toll from the fasts to 20.’
    • ‘The sponsored fasts will take place between February 28 and March 1st.’
    • ‘Adult polar bears lose approximately 0.85-0.9 kg of body mass per day during fasts.’
    period of fasting, period of abstinence
    View synonyms

Origin

Old English fæstan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch vasten and German fasten, also to Old Norse fasta, the source of the noun.

Pronunciation

fast

/fɑːst/