Definition of fascism in English:

fascism

noun

mass noun
  • 1An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.

    • ‘The Italian partisans had risen up against Italian and German fascism only 20 years before.’
    • ‘His only objection to Italian fascism was that it wasn't fanatical enough.’
    • ‘Egyptian mainstream intellectuals roundly condemned fascism in the 1930s.’
    • ‘Organisational independence would be maintained but they would unite to confront and defeat fascism.’
    • ‘Earlier generations of Americans defeated fascism and won the long twilight struggle against communism.’
    • ‘Many came with the hope of turning Spain into a graveyard of European fascism.’
    • ‘I agree with him that Islamic fascism needs to be condemned without reservations, and combated.’
    • ‘In defining fascism, it is useful to recall the movement's genesis.’
    • ‘The party focused on parliament, not mass action, and its leaders had no strategy for resisting fascism.’
    • ‘I joined the Communist Party because I saw they really were fighting fascism at home and abroad.’
    • ‘We were able to argue why fascism exists, what it is, and how we fight it.’
    • ‘Do you oppose fascism while keeping fascists within your circle of friends?’
    • ‘An analogy could be made with how the emergence of European fascism should be taught.’
    • ‘His book is an important read for anyone who wants to understand how to oppose fascism.’
    • ‘Why did the European bourgeoisie resort to fascism in the 1930s?’
    • ‘According to this theory there was no difference between social democracy and fascism.’
    • ‘Third, his treatment of fascism in the late 1930s and early 1940s seems too broad.’
    • ‘The connection between Berlusconi and Italian fascism is not difficult to decipher.’
    • ‘But others did so from a genuine patriotism or a hatred of German fascism.’
    • ‘Italian fascism was very distinctive from National Socialism, and neither resembled Japanese totalitarianism.’
    authoritarianism, totalitarianism, dictatorship, despotism, autocracy, absolute rule, nazism, rightism, militarism
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (in general use) extreme authoritarian, oppressive, or intolerant views or practices.
      ‘this is yet another example of health fascism in action’
      • ‘I detest the cult of body fascism, the more so since I live in its global capital.’
      • ‘Welcome to the authoritarian world of health fascism.’
      • ‘Condemnations of colonialism, class and fascism were all themes running through his work.’
      • ‘The theocratic fascism of the networks must be defeated also.’
      • ‘He used his celebrity to speak out against fascism and racial prejudice.’
      • ‘To be forced to argue your case is not a symptom of incipient clerical fascism, but of a respect for the views of others.’
      • ‘Those seeking protection from religious fascism can rely on the judiciary to deliver them up to it on a plate.’
      • ‘A conference was being held today to explore the rise of fascism and far right movements, and how to combat racism.’
      • ‘On the other, the arid monochrome of dull and vicious theocratic fascism.’
      • ‘I think it's true: it's a strand of theocratic fascism.’
      • ‘We may be fighting defensive struggles, against the war, racism, fascism and cuts in social services.’
      • ‘Getting drunk is mostly an exercise of choice, one of the few available in the current climate of health fascism.’
      • ‘That, to me, is a recipe for chauvinism and potentially even fascism.’
      • ‘Those who say a smoking ban smacks of fascism are closer to the truth than they realise.’
      • ‘Apparently her success was a heart-warming populist victory against the corporate body fascism visible in hip-hop videos.’
      • ‘It emerged in a war-ravaged nation as a type of clerical fascism.’
      • ‘The next thing we have to tackle is the fight against racism and fascism.’
      • ‘On top of that, I'm probably indulging fascism, anti-Semitism and snottiness.’
      • ‘So here are my questions of the left: Where are your demonstrations against Islamic fascism?’
      • ‘The media are rightly criticised for 'body fascism', and placing too much attention on size 10 supermodels.’

The term Fascism was first used of the totalitarian right-wing nationalist regime of Mussolini in Italy (1922–43); the regimes of the Nazis in Germany and Franco in Spain were also Fascist. Fascism tends to include a belief in the supremacy of one national or ethnic group, a contempt for democracy, an insistence on obedience to a powerful leader, and a strong demagogic approach

Origin

1920s: from Italian fascismo, from fascio ‘bundle, political group’, from Latin fascis (see fasces).

Pronunciation

fascism

/ˈfaʃɪz(ə)m/