Definition of Fanakalo in English:

Fanakalo

(also Fanagalo)

noun

South African
  • [mass noun] A lingua franca developed and used by the southern African mining companies, composed of frequently corrupted elements of the Nguni languages, English, and Afrikaans.

    • ‘Fanakalo is a linguistic manifestation of the polarisation between authority and subservience, consisting entirely of a set of commands and responses.’
    • ‘I know there's a huge debate around Fanakalo as a language but mineworkers use it.’

Origin

1940s: from Nguni fana ka lo, from fana be like + the possessive suffix -ka + lo this.

Pronunciation:

Fanakalo

/ˌfanaɡaˈlɒ/