Definition of Fanakalo in English:

Fanakalo

(also Fanagalo)

noun

mass nounSouth African
  • A lingua franca developed and used by the southern African mining companies, composed of frequently corrupted elements of the Nguni languages, English, and Afrikaans.

    • ‘I know there's a huge debate around Fanakalo as a language but mineworkers use it.’
    • ‘Fanakalo is a linguistic manifestation of the polarisation between authority and subservience, consisting entirely of a set of commands and responses.’

Origin

1940s: from Nguni fana ka lo, from fana ‘be like’ + the possessive suffix -ka + lo ‘this’.

Pronunciation

Fanakalo

/ˌfanaɡaˈlɒ//ˈfanaɡalɒ/